Past Perfect Tense

Soal Past Perfect Tense

Pengertian Past Perfect Tense

Past perfect tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja yang digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa suatu aksi telah selesai pada suatu titik di masa lalu sebelum aksi lainnya terjadi. Aksi yang telah selesai di masa lampau itu dapat terjadi berulang kali maupun hanya sekali. Selain itu, tense ini juga dapat digunakan untuk membentuk conditional sentence tipe 3 dan reported speech.

Table of Contents:

contoh kalimat past perfect tense dan artinya: She told me she had seen them twice. (Dia mengatakan kepada saya bahwa dia telah melihat mereka dua kali.)
contoh kalimat past perfect tense dan artinya

Lihat juga:

Rumus Past Perfect Tense

Past perfect tense dibentuk dengan auxiliary verb “had”, dan past participle (verb-3). Had digunakan baik untuk singular maupun plural subject. Sedangkan past participle dibentuk dengan menambahkan -ed, -en, -d, -t, -n, atau -ne pada base form berupa regular verb. Pada base form berupa irregular verb, bentuk past participle tidak konsisten.

Lihat:

Rumus past perfect tense: S (singular/plural) + had + past participle.
rumus past perfect tense

Berikut rumus past perfect tense untuk kalimat positif, negatif, dan interogatif.

Rumus Past Perfect Tense Contoh Past Perfect Tense

kalimat positif (+):

S + had + past participle (V-3)

My brother had slept
They had come

kalimat negatif (-):

S + had + not + past participle (V-3)

My brother hadn’t slept
They hadn’t come

kalimat interogatif (?):

had + S + past participle (V-3)

Had my brother slept
Had they come

Lihat juga:

Fungsi dan Contoh Kalimat Past Perfect Tense

  1. Past perfect tense untuk mengekspresikan aksi di masa lampau yang telah selesai terjadi sebelum past event lainnya. Subordinate conjunction yang dapat digunakan antara lain:

    Selain subordinate conjunction, dapat juga digunakan preposition prior to dan before (sebelum) yang merupakan sinonim.

Contoh Kalimat Past Perfect Tense

1 When he came last night, the cake had run out.
(Ketika dia datang semalam, kue sudah habis.)
2 The student had gotten a verbal warning before his parents were called.
(Siswa tersebut telah mendapat peringatan verbal sebelum orangtuanya ditelepon.)
3 I had already eaten breakfast by the time he picked me up.
(Saya telah sarapan ketika dia menjemput.)
4 Prior to the proclamation, Indonesia had been colonized by Japan for 3 years.
(Sebelum proklamasi, Indonesia telah dijajah Jepang selama 3 tahun.)
  1. Past perfect tense untuk menunjukkan seberapa sering sesuatu terjadi di masa lampau. Time expression (keterangan waktu) yang sering digunakan yaitu frasa adverbial of frequency. Berikut beberapa contohnya.
    • twice / two times / three times + before + simple past tense / participle (phrase): twice before getting married (dua kali sebelum menikah), two times before they got married (dua kali sebelum mereka menikah), three times before I read his review (tiga kali sebelum saya membaca tinjauannya)
    • every day / every two days / every other day until 2012 (setiap hari / setiap dua hari sampai tahun 2012)
    • every summer until 2000 (setiap musim panas hingga tahun 2000)

Contoh Kalimat Past Perfect Tense

1 I had read the book three times before I read his review.
(Saya telah membaca buku itu tiga kali sebelum saya membaca ulasannya.)
2 They had met twice before married.
(Mereka bertemu dua kali sebelum menikah.)
3 Yulia had been to the gym every two days until 2012.
(Yulia telah pergi ke gym setiap dua hari sampai tahun 2012.)
  1. Past perfect tense digunakan pada reported speech setelah verb
    • said
    • told
    • asked
    • thought
    • wondered

Contoh Kalimat Past Perfect Tense

1 He said that he had listened carefully the instruction.
(Dia mengatakan bahwa dia telah mendengarkan instruksi dengan penuh perhatian.)
2 I thought he had changed to be better man.
(Saya pikir dia telah berubah menjadi pria yang lebih baik.)
  1. Past perfect tense untuk mengekspresikan harapan atau impian yang tidak kesampaian melalui conditional sentence tipe 3.

    Rumus conditional sentence tipe 3:

    if + past perfect tense + would/should/could/might + have + past participle

Contoh Kalimat Past Perfect Tense

1 If you had remembered to invite me, I would have attended your party.
(Jika kamu ingat mengundang saya, saya akan hadir di pestamu.)
2 Rina would have been the same level with me if she had studied harder.
(Rina akan berasa pada level yang sama dengan saya jika dia belajar lebih keras.)

Soal Past Perfect Tense

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Past Perfect Tense. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/tenses/past_perfect.htm. Accessed on October 9, 2018.
  2. The Past Perfect Tense. http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/pastperf.htm. Accessed on November 16, 2013.
  3. Sequence of Tenses. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/601/01/. Accessed on February 22, 2013.
  4. After, Before, When. http://esl.about.com/od/Intermediate_Verb_Resource/a/Time-Expressions-After-Before-When.htm. Accessed on February 22, 2013.
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Posted by Wilma Yulia

69 thoughts on “Past Perfect Tense”

  1. Hello Wilma..

    This material is definitely clear, but i just confuse when my pupils ask me, “how to make tenses material (perfect part) is easy to keep in our mind, cz we’re using only the simple and continuous part in every day”. what should my proper answer?

    Thank. Ivan

    • Hi Irvan,
      Hmmm… we can’t avoid the past perfect tense forever. It is the sequence of tenses that prevents us from accomplishing the desire :D
      We may have to combine two different verb tenses in a complex sentence to express the sequence of events. We know the past perfect tense is needed to show which past event was completed first. Sometimes we can use the past simple, but we many need to add words such as: after, before, later, etc to make make the time relationship clear. However, we are better to use the past perfect, especially in formal writing.

      1. John raised vegetables and later sold them. (past)
      2. John sold vegetables that he had raised. (past perfect)
      The vegetables were raised before they were sold.
      1. Renee washed the car when George arrived (simple past)
      2. Renee had washed the car when George arrived. (past perfect)
      In (1), she waited until George arrived and then washed the car. In (2), she had already finished washing the car by the time he arrived. https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/601/01/

  2. klo gini bisa ga? “If I had a good voice, I would been the next Indonesian Idol”
    untuk mengekspresikan harapan/impian yang tidak kesampaian

  3. Hi Wilma.
    Gue mau nanya nih, masih kurang2 nggak faham gitu. Perbedaan simple past sama past perfect apa? Thx. :)

  4. Hi Wilma,
    Bagaimana batasan waktu kejadian antara penggunaan present perfect dengan past perfect? apakah kalau kejadiannya pagi ini atau 5 jam yang lalu bisa pakai present perfect atau past perfect?, please advise, thx

    • Hi Hudah,
      Coba dilihat dari time reference-nya. Present perfect tense time reference-nya present ~ terjadi sebelum sekarang, sedangkan past perfect tense time-reference-nya past ~ terjadi sebelum suatu titik waktu di masa lampau.

      Contoh:
      *She has eaten her breakfast. ~ sudah selesai sebelum sekarang (present perfect tense)
      *When I came to pick her up this morning, she had eaten her breakfast. ~ sudah selesai ketika saya datang untuk menjemputnya pagi ini (past perfect tense)

      Semoga membantu. :)

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