Subordinate Conjunction

Soal Conjunction

Pengertian Subordinate Conjunction

Subordinate conjunction adalah conjunction (kata hubung) yang berada di awal suatu subordinate clause yang disebut adverbial clause yang berfungsi membangun hubungan ide antara subordinate clause tersebut dengan main clause (berupa independent clause). Main clause dan adverbial clause membentuk complex sentence.

Lihat juga:

Rumus Subordinate Clause (Adverbial Clause):

subordinate conjunction + S + V +/ …

Rumus Main Clause (Independent Clause):

S + V +/- …

Rumus Complex Sentence:

main clause + subordinate clause

Dapat dikatakan bahwa subordinate conjunction menghubungkan dua independent clause, namun dalam proses tersebut salah satu clause menjadi “dependent” karena makna kalimatnya menjadi menggantung jika tidak ada independent clause lain, yaitu main clause.

Macam dan Contoh Subordinate Conjunction

Hubungan ide yang dapat dibangun oleh subordinate conjunction antara lain:

  • time (waktu)
  • tempat (place)
  • contrast (pertentangan)
  • cause and effect (sebab dan akibat)
  • condition (syarat)
  • reason (tujuan)
  • manner (cara)

Berikut beberapa contoh subordinate conjunction.

Macam Subordinate Conjunction Contoh Subordinate Conjunction
Time (Waktu)
  • after (setelah)
  • as (ketika, sementara)
  • as soon as (segera setelah)
  • before (sebelum)
  • once (segera setelah)
  • since (sejak)
  • until/till (sampai)
  • when (ketika)
  • whenever (kapan saja, sewaktu-waktu)
  • while (ketika, sementara)
Place (Tempat)
  • where (dimana)
  • wherever (dimanapun)
Contrast (Pertentangan)
  • although, even though, though (meskipun)
  • whereas (sebaliknya, sedangkan)
  • while (meskipun)
  • even if (kalaupun)
Cause and Effect (Sebab dan Akibat)
  • as (karena)
  • because (karena)
  • since (karena)
  • so/so that (sehingga)
Purpose (Tujuan)
  • in order that (agar)
  • so that (agar)
Condition (Syarat)
  • as long as (jika, dengan syarat)
  • if (jika, dengan syarat)
  • only if (hanya jika)
  • otherwise (jika tidak)
  • or else (jika tidak)
  • provided /providing (that) (jika, dengan syarata)
  • supposing (asumsikan, anggap)
  • unless (jika tidak)
Manner (Cara)
  • as if (seperti)
  • as though (seperti)
  • how (bagaimana)
  • the way (cara)
contoh kalimat subordinate conjunction
contoh kalimat subordinate conjunction

Contoh Kalimat Subordinate Conjunction

No Contoh Kalimat Subordinate Conjunction
Time (Waktu)
1 I’m going to give her this present after our surprise party on tuesday.
(Saya akan memberinya kado ini setelah pesta kejutan kita pada hari selasa.)
2 As soon as/once they finish filling the questionnaire, I will process the data.
(Segera setelah mereka selesai mengisi kuesioner, saya akan memproses data tersebut.)
3 He was cleaning his kitchen floor when he found an oil spill.
(Dia sedang membersihkan lantai dapurnya ketika dia menemukan tumpahan minyak.)
4 Before she went to Jakarta, she got her flowers watered.
(Sebelum dia pergi ke Jakarta, dia meminta bunga-bunganya disirami.)
5 She has been very quiet since she arrived on Sunday.
(Dia menjadi sangat pendiam sejak dia tiba hari Minggu.)
6 Let’s stay here until the sun comes up.
(Mari tetap disini sampai matahari muncul.)
7 You can come to my house whenever you want.
(Kamu bisa datang ke rumahku kapanpun kamu mau.)
8 His phone kept ringing while he was sleeping.
(Teleponnya terus-menerus berdering ketika dia sedang tidur.)
Place (Tempat)
9 We should be polite and humble wherever we live.
(Kita sebaiknya sopan dan rendah hati dimanapun kita tinggal.)
Contrast (Pertentangan)
10 The guide seemed nice though she spoke very little English.(Pemandu itu kelihatannya baik, meskipun kemampuan bahasa Inggrisnya terbatas.)
11 Even if Bima is not qualified enough to enter the top university, he’ll try again next year.
(Kalaupun Bima tidak cukup berkualifikasi untuk masuk universitas top tersebut, dia akan mencoba lagi tahun depan.)
Cause and Effect (Sebab dan Akibat)
12 You no longer have access to the email address since you’ve deleted your account,
(Kamu tidak lagi memiliki akses ke alamat email tersebut karena kamu telah menghapus akunmu.)
13 Many animals died because the dry season was hotter and drier than usual.
(Banyak binatang mati karena musim kering lebih panas dan kering dari biasanya.)
Purpose (Tujuan)
14 Please open the window so that the smell will go away quickly.
(Tolong buka jendela supaya bau itu akan pergi dengan cepat.)
15 He will get up earlier in order that he can arrived on time.
(Dia akan bangun lebih cepat agar dia dapat tiba tepat waktu.)
Condition (Syarat)
16 She’ll come to my party only if you accompany her.
(Dia akan datang ke pesta saya hanya jika kamu menemaninya.)
17 As long as you follow the traffic regulation, you won’t get a ticket.
(Selama kamu mengikuti peraturan lalu lintas, kamu tidak akan ditilang.)
18 We can stroll in the park this weekend, providing the weather is nice.
(Kita dapat berjalan-jalan di taman akhir pekan ini, selama cuacanya bagus.)
19 Supposing you’re accepted, what would you do?
(Anggap kamu diterima, apa yang akan kamu lakukan?)
20 Unless TV viewers gave her donations, she would not be able to buy gold, rice field, and house.
(Jika pemirsa TV tidak memberikan dia sumbangan, dia tidak akan dapat membeli emas, sawah, dan rumah.)
21 If you’re not careful, you’ll end up wasting time.
(Jika kamu tidak berhati-hati, kamu akan akhirnya menghabiskan waktu.)
22 Don’t forget to bring your boots, otherwise your feet will be wet and cold.
(Jangan lupa untuk membawa sepatu bot-mu, jika tidak kakimu akan basah dan dingin.)
Manner (Cara)
23 The man drove as if he was an F-1 racer.
(Pria itu mengemudi seakan-akan dia pembalap F-1.)

Exercises:

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Conjunctions. https://webapps.towson.edu/ows/conjunctions.htm. Accessed on October 25, 2018.
  2. Meaning of “since” in the English Dictionary. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/since. Accessed on October 25, 2018.
  3. Until. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/until. Accessed on October 25, 2018.
  4. Providing. http://www.learnersdictionary.com/definition/providing. Accessed on October 25, 2018.
  5. What is a Conjunction? http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergrammar/conjunct.html. Accessed on December 12th, 2012.
  6. Conjunctions. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/conjunctions.htm. Accessed on December 12th, 2012.
  7. Conjunctions. http://www.virtualsalt.com/conjunct.htm. Accessed on December 12th, 2012.
Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

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4 thoughts on “Subordinate Conjunction”

  1. Firstly I want to ask, is it same subordinate clause and dependent clause? because I heard an explanation about subordinate conjunction from another source, that said subordinate conjunction usually used after an independent clause first, then following by a subordinate conjunction to link a dependent clause in a complex sentence, but when I saw the examples above many of them were placed in the beginning of the sentences. Can I infer that all the sentences from the examples above that preceded by a subordinate conjunction, they were the subordinate clauses (dependent clause) as same as the explanation that has given above?

    secondly, correct my comment ha..ha….

    Third, You are the best.

    1. Wilma Yulia says:

      Hello :D

      Subordinate clause is another term for dependent clause, Alam.

      Another term for dependent clause is subordinate clause: this means that the clause is subordinate to another element (the independent clause) and depends on that other element for its meaning. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/clauses.htm

      In a complex sentence containing adverbial clause, subordinate conjunction is always in front of a independent clause. That’s make the clause become “dependent” (It can’t stand alone anymore).

      dependent clause = subordinate conjuction + independent clause
      complex sentence = dependent clause + independent clause

      Thanks for your kind words..I wish you all the best :)

  2. sangat membantu…
    trims????

    1. Wilma Yulia says:

      sama-sama Fyn..senang bisa membantumu ^^

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