Passive Voice – Past Perfect Tense

Soal Passive Voice – Past Perfect

Rumus Passive Voice – Past Perfect Tense

Seperti active voice,  main verb passive past perfect tense juga berupa past participle (verb-3) dan diawali auxiliary verb “had”. Bedanya, passive past perfect tense mendapatkan tambahan auxiliary verb “been”.

Had digunakan untuk subject pada passive voice (= object pada active voice) apapun, singular ataupun plural.

Lihat juga:

Berikut rumus passive voice dalam past perfect tense:

Active Voice Passive Voice
S + had + past participle + direct object S (direct object) + had + been + past participle +/- by … (agent)

Agent pada passive voice merupakan subject pada active voice. Pada passive voice, subject bertindak sebagai penerima aksi, sedangkan agent sebagai pelaku aksi.

Rumus di atas berlaku untuk transitive verb, dimana memang kata kerja tersebut yang umum dipasifkan.

Rumus active voice - past perfect tense: had + verb-3. Rumus passive voice - past perfect tense: had + been + verb-3.
rumus active dan passive voice – past perfect tense

Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice – Past Perfect Tense

1 They had used poison gas in World War I.
(Mereka telah menggunakan gas beracun dalam perang dunia pertama.)

Passive Voice:

Poison gas had been used in World War I.
(Gas beracun telah digunakan dalam perang dunia pertama.)

2 Sally had read two hundred books before graduating from the college.
(Sally telah membaca dua ratus buku sebelum lulus dari kampus tersebut.)

Passive Voice:

Two hundred books had been read by Sally before graduating from the college.
(Dua ratus buku telah dibaca oleh Sally sebelum lulus dari kampus tersebut.)

3 He had helped you so many times.
(Dia telah membantumu berkali-kali.)

Passive Voice:

You had been helped so many times.
(Kamu telah dibantu berkali-kali.)

Pages:

page 1 page 2 page 3 page 4

Table of Contents:

  1. Past Perfect Tense
  2. Passive Voice – Past Perfect Tense
  3. Yes-No Question Past Perfect
  4. Wh- Question Past Perfect Tense

Exercises:

References:

  1. The Verb “to be”. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/to_be.htm. Accessed on November 22, 2014.
  2. Active / Passive Verb Forms. http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/activepassive.html. Accessed on November 22, 2014.

Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

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