Passive Voice – Past Perfect Tense: Rumus, Kalimat, dan Contoh Soal

Passive Voice – Past Perfect Tense

Seperti active voice,  main verb passive past perfect tense juga berupa past participle (verb-3) dan diawali auxiliary verb “had”. Bedanya, passive past perfect tense mendapatkan tambahan auxiliary verb “been”.

Had digunakan untuk subject pada passive voice (= object pada active voice) apapun, singular ataupun plural.

contoh kalimat passive voice - past perfect tense dan artinya: He had been warned several times before his departure. (Dia telah diperingatkan beberapa kali sebelum keberangkatannya.)

contoh kalimat passive voice – past perfect tense dan artinya

Lihat juga:

Berikut rumus passive voice dalam past perfect tense:

Active Voice

S + had + past participle + direct object

Passive Voice

S (direct object) + had + been + past participle +/- by … (agent)

Agent pada passive voice merupakan subject pada active voice. Pada passive voice, subject bertindak sebagai penerima aksi, sedangkan agent sebagai pelaku aksi.

Rumus di atas berlaku untuk transitive verb, dimana memang kata kerja tersebut yang umum dipasifkan.

Rumus active voice - past perfect tense: had + verb-3. Rumus passive voice - past perfect tense: had + been + verb-3.

rumus active dan passive voice – past perfect tense

Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice – Past Perfect Tense

  1. They had used poison gas in World War I.
    (Mereka telah menggunakan gas beracun dalam perang dunia pertama.)

    Poison gas had been used in World War I.
    (Gas beracun telah digunakan dalam perang dunia pertama.)

  2. Sally had read two hundred books before graduating from the college.
    (Sally telah membaca dua ratus buku sebelum lulus dari kampus tersebut.)

    Two hundred books had been read by Sally before graduating from the college.
    (Dua ratus buku telah dibaca oleh Sally sebelum lulus dari kampus tersebut.)

  3. He had helped you so many times before you got the job.
    (Dia telah membantumu berkali-kali sebelum kamu mendapatkan pekerjaan tersebut.)

    You had been helped so many times before you got the job..
    (Kamu telah dibantu berkali-kali sebelum kamu mendapatkan pekerjaan tersebut.)

7 Contoh Soal Passive Voice – Past Perfect Tense

Direct object pada active voice menjadi subject pada passive voice dimana pada past perfect tense kata kerja auxiliary verb had + verb-3 (past participle) diubah menjadi had + been + verb-3 (past participle).

Active Voice:

S + had + past participle + direct object

Passive Voice:

S (direct objectactive voice) + had + been + past participle +/- by … (subjectactive voice)

Pilihlah passive voice – past perfect tense yang tepat untuk melengkapi bagian yang kosong dengan mengikuti petunjuk di dalam kurung dengan mengetik a atau b.

  1. Most of the work ... (finish) when the supervisor checked the quality of it.

    1. had been finish
    2. had been finished

    Your answer:

  2. A conclusion ... (draw) by the time I arrived.

    1. had been drawn
    2. had been drew

    Your answer:

  3. Two-thirds of the subjects ... (raise) in poverty.

    1. had been risen
    2. had been raised

    Your answer:

  4. She knew that the bridge ... (built) in 1990.

    1. had been built
    2. had been build

    Your answer:

  5. The bank staff said the payment ... (make) successfully.

    1. had been made
    2. had been make

    Your answer:

  6. ... they ... (evacuate) before the invasion?

    1. had been, evacuated
    2. had , been evacuated

    Your answer:

  7. Would matematicians have discovered the fundamental theorem of calculus if computers ... (not invent) in the 16th century?

    1. had been not invented
    2. had not been invented

    Your answer:

Correct
Incorrect

Javascript diperlukan untuk menjalankan quiz ini.

Lihat juga:

References:

  1. The Verb “to be”. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/to_be.htm. Accessed on November 22, 2014.
  2. Active / Passive Verb Forms. http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/activepassive.html. Accessed on November 22, 2014.
  3. Passive. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/passive. Accessed on March 8, 2016.
  4. Active and Passive Verbs. http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/words/active-and-passive-verbs. Accessed on March 8, 2016.
  5. The Past Perfect Tense. http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/pastperf.htm. Accessed on March 8, 2016.
  6. Dales, Harold G. & Oliversi, Gianluigi. Truth in Mathematics. 1998. United States: Oxford University Press, Inc.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *