Regular Verb (Kata Kerja Beraturan): Pengertian, Contoh, dan Soal

Pengertian Regular Verb

Regular verb adalah kata kerja yang bentuk past tense dan past participle-nya secara umum didapat dengan menambahkan suffix (akhiran) -ed pada base form atau bare infinitive (bentuk dasar dari suatu kata kerja), sedangkan present participle didapat dengan menambahkan -ing. Kata kerja ini dikenal juga dengan sebutan weak verb.

Contoh Regular Verb

base form verb-1 verb-2 dan verb-3 -ing
accept (menerima) accepts accepted accepting
collect (mengumpulkan) collects collected collecting
deliver (mengirimkan) delivers delivered delivering
explain (menjelaskan) explaines explained explaining
walk (berjalan) walks walked walking

Untuk kata kerja yang berakhiran -e, past tense dan past participle didapat dengan menambahkan -d pada base form, namun -e tersebut dihilangkan pada present participle (-ing).

Contoh Regular Verb

base form verb-1 verb-2 dan verb-3 -ing
announce (menyiarkan) announces announced announcing
bake (memanggang) bakes baked baking
breathe (bernapas) breathes breathed breathing
introduce (memperkenalkan) introduces introduced introducing
move (memindahkan) moves moved moving

Adapun base form yang berakhiran konsonan dan -y, bentuk past tense dan past participle didapat dengan mengganti -y tersebut dengan -eid, tapi mempertahankan -y tersebut pada present participle.

Contoh Regular Verb

base form verb-1 verb-2 dan verb-3 -ing
cry (menangis) cries cried crying
dry (mengeringkan) dries dried drying
marry (menikahi) marries married marrying
study (belajar) studies studied studying
worry (khawatir) worries worried worrying

Past tense, past participle, dan present participle pada base form yang berakhiran vokal + -l, mengalami dobel l.

Contoh Regular Verb

base form verb-1 verb-2 dan verb-3 -ing
control (mengatur) controls controlled controlling
travel (bepergian) travels travelled travelling

Pada base form dengan akhiran vokal + konsonan seperti commit, drop, occur, prefer, refer, shop, stop, dan transfer yang suku kata terakhirnya mengalami penekanan, konsonannya didobel pada past tense, past participle, dan present participle.

Contoh Regular Verb:

base form verb-1 verb-2 dan verb-3 -ing
commit (melakukan) commits committed committing
transfer (transfer) transfers transferred transferring

Contoh kalimat regular verb dan artinya: I really enjoyed being there. (Saya benar-benar senang berada di sana.) past tense

Regular Verb Agreement

Beberapa subject – Regular Verb Agreement (persesuaian antara subjek dan kata kerja) sebagai berikut.

  1. Jika subject berupa singular noun (tunggal), present tense base form-nya perlu ditambahi akhiran -s atau -es. Kondisi ini berlaku untuk subject: she, he, it, orang ketiga tunggal. Sedangkan I dan you cukup menggunakan base form.

    Contoh Regular Verb

    • She cooks.
    • Henny cooks.
    • I cook.
    • You cook.
  2. Jika subject berupa plural noun (jamak), present tense base form-nya tidak perlu ditambahi akhiran -s atau -es.

    Contoh Regular Verb

    • They work.
    • We work.
    • People work.
  3. Past tense tidak terpengaruh subject (singular/plural).

    Contoh Regular Verb

    • He slept.
    • Teddy slept.
    • They slept.
    • The children slept.

Contoh Kalimat Regular Verb dan Artinya

  1. She arrived this morning.
    (Dia tiba pagi ini.) past tense
  2. I was asked to contact you.
    (Saya diminta untuk menghubungimu.) past participle
  3. Check your belongings before leaving your hotel room.
    (Kamu harus selalu memeriksa barang-barangmu sebelum meninggalkan kamar hotelmu.) present tense
  4. He checked his cell phone and noticed he had three missed calls.
    (Dia memerika ponselnya dan menyadari bahwa dia  mendapatkan tiga panggilan tak terjawab.) past tense
  5. Smoke filled the house.
    (Asap memenuhi rumah tersebut.) past tense
  6. Sarah has never lived alone.
    (Sarah tidak pernah tinggal sendiri.) past participle
  7. My husband and I work at the same place.
    (Saya dan suami bekerja di tempat yang sama.) present tense

Daftar Regular Verb yang Umum Digunakan

Base Form Present Tense (V1) Past Tense (V2) / Past Participle (V3)
accept (menerima) accepts accepted
add (menambahkan) adds added
admire (mengagumi) admired admired
advise (menasihati) advises advised
agree (menyetujui) agrees agreed
allow (mengizinkan) allows allowed
announce (menyiarkan) announces announced
answer (menjawab) answers answered
appear (tampak) appears appeared
appreciate (menghargai) appreciates appreciated
approve (menyetujui) approves approved
arrange (mengatur) arranges arranged
arrive (tiba) arrives arrived
ask (bertanya) asks asked
attend (menghadiri) attends attended
avoid (menghindari) avoids avoided
bake (memanggang) bakes baked
beg (memohon) begs begged
boil (merebus) boils boiled
borrow (meminjam) borrows borrowed
brake (mengerem) brakes braked
breathe (bernapas) breathes breathed
brush (menyikat) brushes brushed
burn (membakar) burns burned / burnt
calculate (menghitung) calculates calculated
call (memanggil) calls called
carry (membawa) carries carried
change (mengubah) changes changed
check (memeriksa) checks checked
chew (mengunyah) chews chewed
clean (membersihkan) cleans cleaned
collect (mengumpulkan) collects collected
command (memerintahkan) commands commanded
compare (membandingkan) compares compared
complete (melengkapi) completes completed
consider (mempertimbangkan) considers considered
contain (mengandung) contains contained
continue (melanjutkan) continues continued
cry (menangis) cries cried
damage (merusak) damages damaged
decide (memutuskan) decides decided
deliver (mengirimkan) delivers delivered
develop (mengembangkan) develops developed
discover (menemukan) discovers discovered
doubt (ragu) doubts doubted
dry (mengeringkan) dries dried
encourage (menganjurkan) encourages encouraged
enjoy (menikmati) enjoys enjoyed
enter (memasuki) enters entered
expect (mengharapkan) expects expected
explain (menjelaskan) explains explained
face (menghadapi) faces faced
fill (mengisi) fills filled
fix (memperbaiki) fixes fixed
follow (mengikuti) follows followed
force (memaksa) forces forced
form (membentuk) forms formed
gather (mengumpulkan) gathers gathered
grab (mengambil) grabs grabbed
guarantee (menjamin) guarantees guaranteed
guess (menebak) guesses guessed
handle (menangani) handles handled
happen (terjadi) happens happened
help (membantu) helps helped
hope (berharap) hopes hoped
hug (memeluk) hugs hugged
imagine (membayangkan) imagines imagined
improve (memperbaiki) improves improved
increase (meningkatkan) increases increased
influence (mempengaruhi) influences influenced
introduce (memperkenalkan) introduces introduced
invite (mengundang) invites invited
join (bergabung) joins joined
judge (menilai) judges judged
jump (melompat) jumps jumped
kick (menendang) kicks kicked
knock (mengetuk) knocks knocked
laugh (tertawa) laughs laughed
like (menyukai) likes liked
listen (mendengarkan) listens listened
live (tinggal) lives lived
look (melihat) looks looked
love (mencintai) loves loved
manage (mengelola) manages managed
marry (menikahi) marries married
measure (mengukur) measures measured
move (memindahkan) moves moved
need (membutuhkan) needs needed
notice (memperhatikan) notices noticed
obey (mematuhi) obeys obeyed
occur (terjadi) occurs occured
offer (menawarkan) offers offered
open (membuka) opens opened
order (memesan) orders ordered
paint (mengecat) paints painted
perform (melakukan) performs performed
plan (merencanakan) plans planned
play (memainkan) plays played
please (menyenangkan) pleases pleased
prefer (lebih suka) prefers prefered
prepare (mempersiapkan) prepares prepared
pretend (berpura-pura) pretends pretended
prevent (mencegah) prevents prevented
produce (menghasilkan) produces produced
promise (berjanji) promises promised
protect (melindungi) protects protected
provide (menyediakan) provides provided
queue (mengantri) queues queued
receive (menerima) receives received
reduce (mengurangi) reduces reduced
refuse (menolak) refuses refused
remember (ingat) remembers remembered
remove (melepas) removes removed
reply (membalas) replies replied
return (kembali) returns returned
search (mencari) searches searched
serve (menyajikan) serves served
smell (mencium) smells smelled / smelt
smile (tersenyum) smiles smiled
start (memulai) starts started
stay (tinggal) stays stayed
stop (berhenti) stops stopped
suggest (menyarankan) suggests suggested
support (mendukung) supports supported
talk (berbicara) talks talked
taste (mencicipi) tastes tasted
touch (menyentuh) touches touched
train (melatih) trains trained
travel (bepergian) travels travelled
try (mencoba) tries tried
turn (berbelok) turns turned
use (menggunakan) uses used
visit (mengunjungi) visits visited
wait (menunggu) waits waited
walk (berjalan) walks walked
want (ingin) wants wanted
wash (mencuci) washes washed
watch (menonton) watches watched
wish (mengharapkan) wishes wished
wonder (bertanya-tanya) wonders wondered
work (bekerja) works worked
worry (khawatir) worries worried
contoh kalimat regular verb bahasa Inggris "wash" dan artinya: I accidentally washed my leather wallet yesterday. (Saya secara tidak sengaja mencuci dompet kulit saya kemarin.)

contoh kalimat regular verb bahasa Inggris dan artinya

Lihat juga:

Beberapa Contoh Kalimat Regular Verb dari Tabel di Atas

  1. You need to know how to brake safely in traffic.
    (Kamu perlu tahu bagaimana mengerem dengan aman di kemacetan.)
  2. Children deserves the right to breathe clean air.
    (Anak-anak berhak untuk menghirup udara bersih.)
  3. Chew your food 32 times before swallowing.
    (Kunyah makananmu 3s kali sebelum menelannya.)
  4. They queued for almost an hour at the wrong desk.
    (Mereka mengantri selama hampir satu jam di kas yang salah.)
  5. I wonder if you could help me.
    (Saya bertanya-tanya apakah kamu dapat membantu saya.)

10 Soal Regular Verb Pilihan Ganda

Regular verb merupakan kata kerja yang bentuk past tense dan past participle-nya didapat dengan menambahkan -ed-en-d-t-n, atau -ne pada bare infinitive.

Pilihlah simple past (verb-2) yang tepat dari dari regular verb di dalam kurung dengan mengetik a atau b.

  1. He ... (beg) her not to go.

    1. beged
    2. begged

    Your answer:

  2. She ... (carry) her bag with a straight-down arm.

    1. carried
    2. carryed

    Your answer:

  3. I ... (drop) a heavy box on the top of my foot.

    1. droped
    2. dropped

    Your answer:

  4. The employees were not ... (allow) to use their sick days.

    1. allowed
    2. allowwed

    Your answer:

  5. He told me this file ... (contain) a virus.

    1. contained
    2. containned

    Your answer:

  6. I felt that something ... (grab) my leg while I was sleeping.

    1. grabed
    2. grabbed

    Your answer:

  1. It ... (match) my outfit perfectly.

    1. matched
    2. matchhed

    Your answer:

  2. Daffa ... (pretend) that everything was fine.

    1. pretended
    2. pretendded

    Your answer:

  3. They ... (permit)  people to enter and work in the country last year.

    1. permited
    2. permitted

    Your answer:

  4. My mother ... (stir) the mixture constanty with a silicon spatula.

    1. stired
    2. stirred

    Your answer:

Correct
Incorrect

Javascript diperlukan untuk menjalankan quiz ini.

Lihat juga:

Lihat juga:

References:

  1. Verbs: basic forms. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/about-verbs/verbs-basic-forms. Accessed on March 8, 2019.
  2. Check. http://www.learnersdictionary.com/definition/check. Accessed on March 6, 2019.
  3. Meaning of “enjoy” – Learner’s Dictionary. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/learner-english/enjoy. Accessed on March 6, 2019.
  4. Regular Verb. http://grammar.about.com/od/rs/g/regverbterm.htm. Accessed on March 4, 2013.
  5. Grammar Handbook: Regular and Irregular Verbs. http://www.cws.illinois.edu/workshop/writers/irregularverbs/. Accessed on March 4, 2013.
  6. Regular / Irregular Verbs. http://www.stlcc.edu/Student_Resources/Academic_Resources/Writing_Resources/Grammar_Handouts/verb_list_irregular.pdf. Accessed on March 4, 2013.
  7. Agreement – Regular Verbs. http://www.esc.edu/online-writing-center/resources/grammar/nouns-verbs/agreement-regular-verbs/. Accessed on March 4, 2013.
  8. Participles. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/627/02/. Accessed on March 4, 2012.
  9. Regular Verbs List. https://www.englishclub.com/vocabulary/regular-verbs-list.htm. Accessed on April 10, 2016.
  10. Spell. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/spell. Accessed on April 10, 2016.
  11. Smell. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/smell. Accessed on April 10, 2016.
  12. Exercise 2 – Past simple affirmative: regular verbs. https://elt.oup.com/student/solutions/elementary/grammar/grammar_06_022e?cc=id&selLanguage=id. Accessed on March 22, 2016.
  13. Beg. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/beg. Accessed on March 22, 2016.
  14. Drop. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/drop. Accessed on March 22, 2016.
  15. Match. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/match. Accessed on March 22, 2016.
  16. Pretend. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/pretend. Accessed on March 22, 2016.
  17. Permit. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/permit. Accessed on March 22, 2016.
  18. Stir. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/stir. Accessed on March 22, 2016.

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