Preposition of Movement

Pengertian Preposition of Movement

Preposition of movement adalah preposition (kata depan) yang digunakan untuk menunjukkan gerakan. Gerakan itu ditampilkan dalam gabungan preposition dengan objek yang mengikutinya (object of preposition). Gabungan antara preposition dan objeknya disebut prepositional phrase.

prepositional phrase = preposition + object of preposition

Prepositional phrase of movement digunakan untuk menunjukkan gerakan subject atau object kalimat terhadap object of preposition. Adapun object of preposition pada preposition of movement dapat berupa noun (kata benda), noun phrase (frasa kata benda), atau pronoun (kata ganti).

Contoh Preposition of Movement

  • around (mengelilingi / di sekitar): around the world
  • away from (menjauh dari): away from home
  • by/past (melewati): by me, past the train station
  • down (menuruni): down the hill
  • inside (punya penekanan batas (wadah, tembok, dll)): come inside my house
  • into ((menuju) ke dalam, ke arah): into the gymnasium
  • off (lepas/copot): take it off your hands
  • onto ((menuju) ke atas): onto the hill
  • out of (keluar dari sesuatu atau suatu tempat ): out of the hall, out of home
  • over (benda yang menyeberangi benda lain): over the sea
  • to (ke, menuju, kepada): to Phuket, to the door
  • toward(s) (menuju): towards the bank
  • up (naik ke): climb up the ladder
Contoh kalimat preposition of movement: A stray cat keeps coming inside my house. (Seekor kucing liat terus-menerus masuk ke dalam rumah saya.)
contoh kalimat preposition of movement

Contoh Kalimat Preposition of Movement

No Contoh Kalimat Preposition of Movement
1 He wants to travel around the world.
(Dia ingin bepergian mengelilingi dunia.) preposition + noun phrase
2 I’m going to university away from home.
(Saya akan ke universitas jauh dari rumah.) preposition + noun
3 She walked by me without speaking.
(Dia berjalan melewati saya tanpa berbicara.) preposition + pronoun
4 We used to walk down the hill.
(Kami dulu biasa berjalan menuruni bukit.) preposition + noun phrase
5 Why did the people plunge into the freezing cold water?
(Mengapa orang-orang tersebut terjun ke dalam air dingin yang membeku?) preposition + noun phrase
6 Is there a correlation between being sleepy with sheep jumping over a fence?
(Apakah ada korelasi antara menjadi mengantuk dengan domba melompati pagar?) preposition + noun phrase
7 Take the picture off the wall.
(Copot gambar tersebut dari dinding.) preposition + noun phrase
8 A coin rolled out of his pocket.
(Sebuah koin menggelinding keluar dari kantongnya.) preposition + noun phrase
9 They flew to Phuket to visit their son.
(Mereka terbang ke Phuket untuk mengunjungi anak laki-laki mereka.) preposition + noun
10 I climbed up the ladder with a hammer and nail.
(Saya menaiki tangga dengan palu dan paku.) preposition + noun phrase

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References:

  1. Definition of ‘around’. https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/around. Accessed on February 23, 2019.
  2. Meaning of “to” in Essential American English Dictionary. https://./dictionary/essential-american-english/to_2. Accessed on February 23, 2019.
  3. Meaning of “by” in Essential American English Dictionary. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/essential-american-english/by_1. Accessed on February 23, 2019.
  4. Definition of off preposition from the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary. https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/off_3. Accessed on February 23, 2019.
  5. over – definition and synonyms. https://www.macmillandictionary.com/dictionary/british/over_1. Accessed on February 23, 2019.
  6. Meaning of out of in English. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/out-of. Accessed on February 23, 2019.
  7. Definition of into preposition from the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary. https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/into. Accessed on February 23, 2019.
  8. Definition of down preposition from the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary. https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/down_2. Accessed on February 23, 2019.
  9. What is a Preposition? http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergrammar/preposit.html. Accessed on April 21, 2013.
  10. Prepositions: Locators in Time and Place. http://guidetogrammar.org/grammar/prepositions.htm. Accessed on February 23, 2019.
  11. English Prepositions. http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/prepositions.htm. Accessed on April 21, 2013.
  12. The Preposition. http://www.chompchomp.com/terms/preposition.htm. Accessed on April 21, 2013.
Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

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