Subject dan Predicate

Soal Subject and Predicate

Pengertian Subject dan Predicate

Setiap complete sentence (kalimat yang dapat berdiri sendiri) memiliki subject dan predicate. Subject adalah tentang apa atau siapa yang dibicarakan dalam suatu kalimat atau klausa sedangkan predicate menerangkan sesuatu tentang subject. Subject dapat berupa orang, hewan, benda, maupun konsep abstrak.

Lihat juga:

Complete Subject dan Complete Predicate

Setiap complete subject pada dasarnya dibangun oleh satu atau lebih noun (kata benda), pronoun (kata ganti), atau konstruksi lain yang dapat berperan sebagai noun seperti gerund (verb-ing) dan infinitive (to-verb); dengan/tanpa tambahan modifier(s) yang dapat berupa article (the, an, an), adjective (kata sifat), dan prepositional phrase (preposition + object).

Complete predicate terdiri dari verb atau compound verb (auxiliary verb + verb)  dengan/tanpa tambahan modifier(s) dan complement (tambahan kata lain untuk melengkapi makna kalimat). Modifier yang digunakan dapat berupa adverb (kata keterangan) dan prepositional phrase. Sedangkan complement dapat berupa direct object jika kata kerja yang digunakan merupakan transitive verb, atau berupa subject complement jika kata kerja yang digunakan merupakan linking verb

rumus complete subject dan predicate: complete subject: +/- modifier (e.g. a/an/the, adjective) + noun/pronoun/gerund/infinitive +/- modifier (e.g. prepositional phrase); complete predicate: +/- auxiliary verb + verb +/- complement (e.g. direct object, subject complement) +/- modifier (e.g. adverb, prepositional phrase)
rumus complete subject dan predicate

Contoh Kalimat Complete Subject dan Predicate

Keterangan:

  • Complete subject
  • Complete Predicate
1 His new car tax has already been paid by his assistant.
(Pajak mobil baru dia telah dibayar oleh asistennya.)
2 Lia and I were eating our lunch on the kitchen table.
(Lia dan saya sedang makan siang di meja dapur.)
3 The very big boarding school in this country was built in 1980.
(Sekolah asrama yang sangat besar di negara ini dibangun tahun 1980.)

Simple Subject dan Predicate

Simple subject berupa noun atau pronoun tunggal, dengan mengesampingkan modifier. Sedangkan simple predicate berupa verb atau compound verb tunggal.

Contoh Kalimat Simple Subject dan Predicate

1 His new car tax has already been paid by his assistant.
(Pajak mobil baru dia telah dibayar oleh asistennya.)
  • simple subject: tax
  • simple predicate: has been paid
2 The very big boarding school in this country was built in 1980.
(Sekolah asrama yang sangat besar di negara ini dibangun tahun 1980.)
  • simple subject: school
  • simple predicate: was built
3 Open the door!
(Buka pintu!)
  • simple subject: “you” (pada kalimat imperative subjek tidak ditulis karena dianggap sudah cukup dimengerti)
  • simple predicate: open
4 His uncle will not arrive on time.
(Pamannya tidak akan tiba tepat waktu.)
  • simple subject: uncle
  • simple predicate: will arrive
5 There was an abandoned house.
(Ada rumah kosong.)
  • simple subject: house
  • simple predicate: was
6 Running may be hard for overweight people.
(Lari mungkin sulit untuk orang yang kelebihan berat badan.)
  • simple subject: running
  • simple predicate: may be
7 To travel next week is a bad idea.
(Bepergian minggu depan merupakan ide yang buruk.)
  • simple subject: to travel (infinitive)
  • simple predicate: is (linking verb)

Compound Subject dan Predicate

Compound subject terdiri dari dua atau lebih noun atau pronoun, tanpa memperhitungkan modifier(s)-nya.

Contoh Kalimat Compound Subject dan Predicate

1 Lia and Ana were eating our lunch and were discussing abortion on the kitchen table.
(Lia dan saya sedang makan siang dan membahas aborsi di meja dapur.)
  • compound subject: Lia, Ana
  • compound predicate: were eating, were discussing
  • our lunch, abortion: direct object
  • on the kitchen table: prepositional phrase
2 The beautiful woman and her cute daughter arrived late but left early.
(Wanita cantik dan anaknya yang manis tiba terlambat tapi pergi cepat.)
  • compound subject: woman, daughter
  • compound predicate: arrived, left
  • late, early: adverb

Soal Subject and Predicate

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Subject and Predicate. http://www.sinclair.edu/centers/tlc/pub/handouts_worksheets/english/subject_and_predicate.pdf. Accessed on October 8, 2012.
  2. Subject and Predicate. http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergrammar/subjpred.html. Accessed on October 8, 2012.
  3. Predicates, Objects, Complements. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/objects.htm. Accessed on October 8, 2012.
  4. Subject and Predicates. http://homepages.uwp.edu/canary/grammar_text/08-sub-pred.html. Accessed on October 7, 2012.
  5. Subjects & Predicates. http://www.am.dodea.edu/lejeune/BMS/Pelican_docs/documents/SubjectandPredicate.ppt. Accessed on October 7, 2012.
  6. Identifying Infinitives and Participles as Subjects. http://www.nelson.com/highered/common/buscomm/Word/Module%2012.Identifying%20frags%20and%20clauses.doc. Accessed on April 4, 2013.

Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

10 thoughts on “Subject dan Predicate”

  1. Hi kak wilma sya dpt tugas dri dosen kampus sya untuk menganalisa kalimat berikut ” Islamic law also introduced the right of ” Mutual consultation” or shura. This was its way of banishing tyranny,whimsey and arbitrainess from muslim life,wheter at home,in bussines or in government.” Jdi kita harus breakdown kata per kata seprti mencari verb nya, apakah ada unsur adjective clause,past participle dll..lumayan bikin kepala nyut nyutan ni ka???? boleh minta tolongin sya untuk membantu hal tsb..thanks before????

  2. Kak, Prepositional phrase kan menjawab pertanyaan How, When, Where, Why.
    Tapi ” For overweight people ” menjawab pertanyaan apa kak?
    Apakah How, When, Where, Why kak?

  3. Kak thank you so much for creating this site, it is really helpful.
    Jangan bosen-bosen untuk posting ya ka hehehe ^^
    Wish you all the best kak!

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