Subject dan Predicate

Soal Subject and Predicate

Pengertian Subject dan Predicate

Setiap complete sentence (kalimat yang dapat berdiri sendiri) memiliki subject dan predicate. Subject adalah tentang apa atau siapa yang dibicarakan dalam suatu kalimat atau klausa sedangkan predicate menerangkan sesuatu tentang subject. Subject dapat berupa orang, hewan, benda, maupun konsep abstrak.

Lihat juga:

Complete Subject dan Complete Predicate

Setiap complete subject pada dasarnya dibangun oleh satu atau lebih noun atau pronoun dengan/tanpa tambahan modifier(s) yang dapat berupa article (the, an, an), adjective, dan prepositional phrase. Adapun gerund dan infinitive dapat pula menempati posisi subjek.

Complete predicate terdiri dari verb atau compound verb (auxiliary+verb)  dengan/tanpa tambahan modifier(s) dan complement (tambahan kata lain untuk melengkapi makna kalimat). Modifier yang digunakan dapat berupa adverb dan prepositional phrase.  Sedangkan complement dapat berupa direct object jika kata kerja yang digunakan merupakan transitive verb, atau berupa subject complement jika kata kerja yang digunakan merupakan linking verb

Beberapa contohnya adalah sebagai berikut.

Keterangan:

  • Complete subject
  • Complete Predicate

Contoh:

  • His new car tax has already been paid by his assistant.
  • Lia and I were eating our lunch on the kitchen table.
  • The very big boarding school in this country was built in 1980.

Simple Subject dan Simple Predicate

Simple subject berupa noun atau pronoun tunggal, dengan mengesampingkan modifier(s)-nya. Sedangkan simple predicate berupa verb atau compound verb tunggal.

Contoh KalimatSimple SubjectSimple Predicate
His new car tax has already been paid by his assistant.
(Pajak mobil baru dia telah dibayar oleh asistennya.)
taxhas been paid

Keterangan:

  • his new car = (pre) modifier
  • by his assistant = prepositional phrase
The very big boarding school in this country was built in 1980.
(Sekolah asrama yang sangat besar di negara ini dibangun tahun 1980.)
schoolwas built

Keterangan:

  • the very big boarding= (pre) modifier;
  • in this country = (post) modifier;
  • in 1980 = prepositional phrase
Open the door!
(Buka pintu!)
“you”open

Keterangan:

Pada kalimat imperative, subjek tidak ditulis karena dianggap sudah cukup dimengerti;
door = direct object

His Uncle Cal will not arrive on time.
(Paman Cal akan tidak akan tiba tepat waktu.)
Uncle Calwill arrive

Keterangan:

  • his = possessive;
  • not = adverb;
  • on time= prepositional phrase
There was a hounted house.
(Disana ada rumah berhantu.)
housewas

Keterangan:

  • there = adverb;
  • haunted = participle;
  • = article
Running may be hard for overweight people.
(Lari mungkin sulit untuk orang yang kelebihan berat badan.)
runningmay be

Keterangan:

  • running = gerund;
  • hard = adjective;
  • for overweight people = prepositional phrase
To travel is a bad idea.
(Bepergian merupakan ide yang buruk.)
to travelis

Keterangan:

  • to travel = infinitive;
  • is = linking verb;
  • a bad idea = subject complement

Compound Subject dan Compound Predicate

Compound subject terdiri dari dua atau lebih noun atau pronoun, tanpa memperhitungkan modifier(s)-nya.

Contoh KalimatCompound SubjectCompound Predicate
Lia and Ana were eating our lunch and were discussing abortion on the kitchen table.
(Lia dan saya sedang makan siang dan membahas aborsi di meja dapur.)
Lia, Anawere eating, were discussing

Keterangan:

  • our lunch, abortion = direct object;
  • on the kitchen table = prepositional phrase
The beautiful woman and her cute daughter arrived late but left early.
(Wanita cantik dan anaknya yang manis tiba terlambat tapi pergi cepat.)
woman, daughterarrived, left

Keterangan:

  • late, early= adverb

Soal Subject and Predicate

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Subject and Predicate. http://www.sinclair.edu/centers/tlc/pub/handouts_worksheets/english/subject_and_predicate.pdf. Accessed on October 8, 2012.
  2. Subject and Predicate. http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergrammar/subjpred.html. Accessed on October 8, 2012.
  3. Predicates, Objects, Complements. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/objects.htm. Accessed on October 8, 2012.
  4. Subject and Predicates. http://homepages.uwp.edu/canary/grammar_text/08-sub-pred.html. Accessed on October 7, 2012.
  5. Subjects & Predicates. http://www.am.dodea.edu/lejeune/BMS/Pelican_docs/documents/SubjectandPredicate.ppt. Accessed on October 7, 2012.
  6. Identifying Infinitives and Participles as Subjects. http://www.nelson.com/highered/common/buscomm/Word/Module%2012.Identifying%20frags%20and%20clauses.doc. Accessed on April 4, 2013.

Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

10 thoughts on “Subject dan Predicate”

  1. Hi kak wilma sya dpt tugas dri dosen kampus sya untuk menganalisa kalimat berikut ” Islamic law also introduced the right of ” Mutual consultation” or shura. This was its way of banishing tyranny,whimsey and arbitrainess from muslim life,wheter at home,in bussines or in government.” Jdi kita harus breakdown kata per kata seprti mencari verb nya, apakah ada unsur adjective clause,past participle dll..lumayan bikin kepala nyut nyutan ni ka???? boleh minta tolongin sya untuk membantu hal tsb..thanks before????

  2. Kak, Prepositional phrase kan menjawab pertanyaan How, When, Where, Why.
    Tapi ” For overweight people ” menjawab pertanyaan apa kak?
    Apakah How, When, Where, Why kak?

  3. Kak thank you so much for creating this site, it is really helpful.
    Jangan bosen-bosen untuk posting ya ka hehehe ^^
    Wish you all the best kak!

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