Adjective + Preposition

Kombinasi Adjective dengan Preposition

Adjective (kata sifat) digunakan untuk mendeskripsikan seseorang atau sesuatu.

He is angry. (Dia marah.)

Selain penggunaan adjective secara sederhana seperti contoh di atas, adapula penggunaan yang lebih kompleks dengan mengombinasikannya dengan preposition (kata depan) yang berfungsi menghubungkannya dengan suatu objek. Kombinasi adjective dan preposition di dalam kalimat digunakan untuk membuat pernyataan tentang sikap atau perasaan seseorang terhadap sesuatu.

He is angry with me. (Dia marah pada saya.)

Tidak semua adjective memiliki “pasangan” preposition dan ada sebagian adjective yang dapat menggunakan beberapa preposition. Sayangnya tidak ada pola khusus untuk membentuk kombinasi tersebut. Kita hanya perlu menemukan dan mengingatnya.

Contoh Adjective + Preposition

About

  • angry about
  • annoyed about
  • excited about
  • guilty about
  • sorry about
  • worried about
  1. The student was worried about his exam results.
    (Siswa tersebut khawatir tentang hasil ujiannya.)
  2. I’m really sorry about forcing you to come.
    (Saya benar-benar minta maaf memaksamu untuk datang.)

At

  • amazed at
  • bad at
  • brilliant at
  • excellent at
  • good at
  • hopeless at
  • useless at
  1. He is very good at compiling statistics.
    (Dia sangat baik dalam menghimpun data statistik.)
  2. She said that she was hopeless at Math.
    (Dia bilang dia menyerah pada matematika.)

at/by (makna sama/berhubungan)

  • amazed at/by
  • shocked at/by
  • surprised at/by

Honestly, I was surprised by his apology.
(Sejujurnya saya terkejut dengan permintaan maafnya.)

for

  • bad for
  • difficult for
  • eager for
  • easy for
  • famous for
  • good for
  • hard for
  • impossible for
  • necessary for
  • possible for
  • qualified for
  • ready for
  • responsible for
  • sorry for
  • suitable for

I think you are qualified for the position.
(Saya pikir kamu cocok untuk posisi tersebut.)

from

different from

He is totally different from me.
(Dia berbeda total dengan saya.)

in

interested in

She has no idea how to get her son interested in reading.
(Dia tidak punya ide bagaimana membuat anaknya tertarik membaca.)

of

  • ashamed of
  • aware of
  • capable of
  • certain of
  • clever of
  • conscious of
  • envious of
  • fond of
  • frightened of
  • full of
  • generous of
  • good of
  • incapable of
  • intelligent of
  • jealous of
  • kind of
  • mean of
  • nice of
  • polite of
  • proud of
  • scared of
  • sensible of
  • sick of
  • silly of
  • sort of
  • stupid of
  • sure of
  • tired of
  • unreasonable of

You must be aware of your surroundings when driving.
(Kamu harus sadar pada sekeliling ketika sedang mengemudi.)

on

  • based on
  • keen on

I prefer to see movies that are based on true stories.
(Saya lebih suka menonton film-film yang berdasarkan kisah nyata.)

to

  • cruel to
  • engaged to
  • generous to
  • good to
  • identical to
  • impolite to
  • kind to
  • married to
  • mean to
  • nice to
  • opposed to
  • related to
  • responsible to
  • rude to
  • similar to
  • unfriendly to
  • unpleasant to

The design of the building is similar to other buildings in the area.
(Desain bangunan tersebut mirip dengan bangunan-bangunan lain di area tersebut.)

With

  • angry with
  • annoyed with
  • bored with
  • crowded with
  • delighted with
  • disappointed with
  • fed up with
  • furious with
  • pleased with
  • satisfied with
  1. He has a lot of money, but he is not satisfied with his life.
    (Dia punya banyak uang tapi dia tidak puas dengan hidupnya.)
  2. He wouldn’t be angry with you if you told him the truth.
    (Dia tidak akan marah padamu jika kamu mengatakan yang sebenarnya.)

Related Posts:

References:

  1. To + Infinitive. http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/verbs/infinitive. Accessed on April 8, 2015.
  2. Adjectives & Prepositions. http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/grammar-reference/adjectives-prepositions. Accessed on April 8, 2015.
  3. Adjectives + infinitives or prepositions. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/flatmates/episode156/languagepoint.shtml. Accessed on April 8, 2015.
  4. Preposition Combinations. http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/410-preposition-combinations.htm. Accessed on April 9, 2015.
  5. Adjective + Preposition. http://esl.about.com/od/grammarintermediate/a/adjective_prepositions_combos.htm. Accessed on April 9, 2015.
  6. Adjective Preposition Combinations – # 2 – ‘of / on / to / with’. http://esl.about.com/od/grammarintermediate/a/adjective_preposition_combinations.htm. Accessed on April 9, 2015.

4 thoughts on “Adjective + Preposition”

  1. The design of the building is similar to other buildings in the area = = = = = = desain bangunannya mirip dengan bangunan lain di area tersebut.

    misalkan saya artikan “desain dari bangunannya mirip dengan bangunan lain di area tersebut.

    kalau pakai dari bisa tidak.pak.
    ada aturan gak pak/bu untuk prepositon of dan prepositon lainnya

    Reply

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