Prepositional Phrase

Pengertian Prepositional Phrase

Prepositional phrase adalah gabungan antara preposition (kata depan) dan objek-nya (disebut object of preposition) yang dapat berupa noun (phrase), pronoun, atau gerund.

Table of Contents:

contoh kalimat prepositional phrase dan artinya: The plates are in the bottom drawer. (Piring-piring ada di laci bawah.)
contoh kalimat prepositional phrase dan artinya

Contoh kalimat pada gambar di atas memuat prepositional phrase “in the bottom drawer” dengan preposition “in” dan noun phrase “the bottom drawer”.

Lihat juga:

One-Word dan Complex Preposition pada Prepositional Phrase

Preposition yang digunakan dapat terdiri dari satu kata (one word preposition) atau gabungan dengan part of speech lain (complex preposition). Part of speech yang digunakan dalam membentuk complex preposition mungkin diposisikan sebelum atau diapit dua preposition.

Contoh Prepositional Phrase

preposition object prepositional phrase
at (one word) work (noun) at work
between (one word) us (pronoun) between us
about (one word) walking for health (gerund phrase) about walking for health
in (one word) the waiting room (noun phrase) in the waiting room
on (one word) the floor (noun phrase) on the floor
in front of (complex) guests (noun) in front of guests
because of (complex) you (pronoun) because of you
together with (complex) my parents (noun phrase) together with my parents
Rumus prepositional phrase = preposition + object of preposition.
prepositional phrase

Fungsi Prepositional Phrase: Adjective atau Adverb

Prepositional phrase dapat berfungsi sebagai adjective (kata sifat) yang menerangkan noun atau pronoun (disebut adjectival prepositional phrase); atau sebagai adverb (kata keterangan) yang menerangkan verb, adjective, atau adverb lain (disebut adverbial prepositional phrase) yang berada di dalam suatu kalimat.

Adjectival prepositional phrase mengatakan “which one” (yang mana) tentang noun ; sementara adverbial prepositional phrase menjawab pertanyaan dengan how? when? where? why? (bagaimana? kapan? di mana? mengapa?) yang berhubungan dengan kata yang diterangkannya.

Contoh Kalimat Adjectival dan Adverbial Prepositional Phrase dan Artinya

1 The car in front of me ran the red light.
(Mobil di depan saya menerobos lampu merah.)

Keterangan:

Adjectival prepositional phrase menerangkan noun “car” dan mengatakan “which man”.

2 Is the bag on the floor yours?
(Apakah tas di lantai punyamu?)

Keterangan:

Adjectival prepositional phrase menerangkan noun “bag” dan mengatakan “which bag”.

3 She is still sitting in the waiting room.
(Dia masih duduk di ruang tunggu.)

Keterangan:

Adverbial prepositional phrase menerangkan verb “is sitting” dan menjawab pertanyaan “Where is she sitting?”

4 Maybe they work harder because of something else.
(Mungkin mereka bekerja lebih keras karena sesuatu yang lain.)

Keterangan:

Adverbial prepositional phrase menerangkan adjective “harder” dan menjawab pertanyaan “Why do they work harder?”

5 He was at work when he felt a deep ache in his chest.
(Dia sedang di tempat kerja ketika dia merasakan sakit yang dalam di dadanya.)

Keterangan:

Adverbial prepositional phrase menerangkan verb “was” dan mengatakan “Where was he when he felt a deep ache in his chest?”

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Table of Contents:

  1. Prepositional Phrase
  2. Adverbial Prepositional Phrase
  3. Adjectival Prepositional Phrase

Related Posts:

References:

  1. What is a Preposition? http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergrammar/preposit.html. Accessed on October 14, 2013.
  2. The Garden of Phrases. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/phrases.htm. Accessed on October 14, 2013.
  3. Prepositions. http://www.englishclub.com/vocabulary/prepositions.htm. Accessed on October 14, 2013.
  4. The Prepositional Phrase. http://www.chompchomp.com/terms/prepositionalphrase.htm. Accessed on October 10, 2018.
  5. Prepositional Phrase. https://www.btb.termiumplus.gc.ca/tpv2guides/guides/wrtps/index-eng.html?lang=eng&lettr=indx_catlog_p&page=9AHz_wDcX1Vs.html. Accessed on October 10, 2018.

Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

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