Prepositions of Place

Pengertian Preposition of Place

Preposition of place adalah preposition (kata depan Bahasa Inggris) yang digunakan untuk menunjukkan tempat atau posisi. Tempat atau posisi itu ditampilkan dalam gabungan preposition dengan objeknya (object of preposition). Gabungan antara preposition dan objeknya disebut prepositional phrase.

prepositional phrase = preposition + object of preposition

Preposition ini digunakan untuk menunjukkan posisi object of preposition terhadap subject atau object kalimat. Adapun object of preposition dapat berupa noun (kata benda), noun phrase (frasa kata benda), atau pronoun (kata ganti)

Contoh Preposition of Place

Indeks Makna dan Contoh Prepositional Phrase
aboard di atas (pesawat/kapal): on board a ship
above/over (benda) di atas benda lain atau lebih tinggi darinya: above my head
against menempel pada: against the wall
along di sepanjang sesuatu yang panjang dan tipis: along the river
alongside di samping: alongside the fence
amid(st) di tengah-tengah atau dikelilingi oleh: amid olive groves
among di tengah-tengah atau dikelilingi oleh: among the crowd
around pada semua sisi sesuatu/seseorang: around the table, around his neck
at untuk menyatakan tempat atau posisi seseorang/sesuatu: at the crossroads, at the station, at the hotel, at home
away from jauh dari: away from home
behind di belakang: behind the bookstore
beside di samping: beside Andy
below pada tingkat/posisi yang lebih rendah: below paragraphs
beneath di bawah, lebih rendah daripada: beneath the ground
between di antara dua atau lebih tempat, objek, atau orang: between Rian and Bobby
by di dekat; di samping: by the front door
in di dalam kontainer, tempat, atau area: in the fridge, in my pocket, in Indonesia
inside di dalam: inside the box
in front of [tempat] di depan: in front of me
in the middle of [tempat] di tengah: in the middle of the street
near dekat dengan (seseorang/sesuatu): near the office
next to di sebelah: next to me
on menyentuh permukaan sesuatu: on the floor, on the table, on his arm
outside
  • dekat dengan bangunan atau ruangan tapi tidak di dalamnya: outside my house
  • jauh dari area, kota, negara tertentu: outside Indonesia
over menutupi benda lain: over cakes
round mengelilingi: round the house
under
  • di bawah sesuatu: under the table
  • ditutupi oleh sesuatu: under the sea
underneath letak benda yang berada pada posisi di bawah benda lain, khususnya menjadi tersembunyi atau tertutupi: underneath the car
Contoh kalimat preposition of place (tempat): There is a bowl of strawberries on the table. (Ada semangkok stroberi di atas meja.)
contoh kalimat preposition of place (tempat)

Contoh Kalimat Preposition of Place

No Contoh Kalimat Preposition of Place
1 The clouds are far above us.
(Awan-awan itu jauh di atas kita.) preposition + pronoun
2 Pour chocolate ganache over cakes or let it cool.
(Tuang coklat ganache menutupi kue dan biarkan dingin.) preposition + noun
3 I didn’t see anything against the wall.
(Saya tidak melihat apa pun menempel di dinding.) preposition + noun phrase
4 A car has been parked outside my house for two weeks.
(Sebuah mobil telah diparkir di luar rumah saya selama dua minggu.) preposition + noun phrase
5 There’s hedgerows round the little house.
(Ada pagar tanaman mengelilingi rumah kecil tersebut.) preposition + noun phrase
6 The restaurant is near the office.
(Restoran tersebut dekat kantor.) preposition + noun phrase
7 He sat next to me.
(Dia duduk di sebelah saya.) preposition + pronoun
8 Out house is in the middle of the street.
(Rumah kami di tengah-tengah jalan itu.) preposition + noun phrase
9 What’s inside the box?
(Apa yang ada di dalam kotak itu?) preposition + noun phrase
10 He’s standing behind Inka.
(Dia sedang berdiri di belakang Inka.) preposition + noun
11 The light switch is by the front door.
(Saklar lampu di dekat pintu depan.) preposition + noun phrase
12 Do you know how to add lines below paragraphs?
(Apakah kamu tahu bagaimana menambahkan garis di bawah paragraph?) preposition + noun
13 They built a row of tiny houses along the river.
(Mereka membangun sebaris rumah-rumah kecil di sepanjang sungai tersebut.) preposition + noun phrase

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Prepositions: Locators in Time and Place. http://guidetogrammar.org/grammar/prepositions.htm. Accessed on February 26, 2019.
  2. Definition of ‘aboard’. https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/aboard. Accessed on February 26, 2019.
  3. Definition of ‘above’. https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/above. Accessed on February 26, 2019.
  4. Meaning of over in English. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/over. Accessed on February 26, 2019.
  5. Meaning of against in English. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/against. Accessed on February 26, 2019.
  6. outside – definition and synonyms. https://www.macmillandictionary.com/dictionary/british/outside. Accessed on February 26, 2019.
  7. round – definition and synonyms. https://www.macmillandictionary.com/dictionary/british/round_1. Accessed on February 26, 2019.
  8. Definition of near preposition from the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary. https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/near_3. Accessed on February 26, 2019.
  9. Definition of by preposition from the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary. https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/by_1. Accessed on February 26, 2019.
  10. Prepositions of Place. http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/prepositions-place.htm. Accessed on March 23, 2014.
  11. What is a Preposition? http://www.uottawa.ca/academic/arts/writcent/hypergrammar/preposit.html. Accessed on March 23, 2014.
  12. The Preposition. http://www.chompchomp.com/terms/preposition.htm. Accessed on March 23, 2014.

Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

6 thoughts on “Prepositions of Place”

    • Maksudnya bisa juga amidst Arfun. Maaf contohnya salah harusnya tidak ada “of”, sudah saya ganti. Ini postingan lama yang belum saya periksa lagi, maaf ya :(

  1. halo mba wilma, mau tanya nih mba.

    1. “about my home” inikan preposition phrase. lalu apakah bisa preposition diikuti possesive pronoun misal : ” about mine”…?

    2. selain gerund yg sllu dijadiin object of preposition. lalu apakah bisakah preposition diikuti oleh infinitive a/ (infinitive djadiin object of preposition)….??
    saya bingung infinitive jg kan bisa berfungsi sbg “noun”, direct object, mba.

    Mhon bnget penjelasannya ya mba. sdikit pnjelasan dr mba akan sangat berharga bngt bwat saya. thx hehehe…..

    • Siang Rama,

      1. Object of preposition dapat berupa noun, pronoun (objective case c/me, you atau possessive case c/mine, yours), gerund, atau noun clause.

      2. Hanya beberapa preposition yang kadang-kadang objeknya dalam wujud infinitive Rama, kayak except dan but gitu…:)
      coba lihat: //www.wordsmile.com/penggunaan-contoh-kalimat-gerund-infinitive

      • wkwkwkw biasa aja Rama :) sama-sama ya…makasih juga saya jadi bisa mengingat2 yang sudah dipelajari

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