Soal Relative Pronoun

Materi Relative Pronoun

Sekilas Relative Pronoun

Relative pronoun merupakan pronoun (kata ganti) yang berfungsi untuk membentuk relative clause. Klausa tersebut berfungsi untuk menerangkan noun atau pronoun pada main clause di dalam suatu complex sentence.

Relative pronoun meliputi:

  • who(ever)
  • whom(ever)
  • whose
  • which(ever)
  • that

Di dalam suatu relative clause, relative pronoun mungkin berperan sebagai subject, object, atau possessive.

Rumus relative clause = relative pronoun +/- subject + verb. Rumus complex sentence = main clause + relative clause.
relative pronoun

10 Contoh Soal Relative Pronoun

Pilihlah pronoun yang tepat untuk melengkapi kalimat di bawah ini.

  1. Vina’s brother, … is extremely dilligent, named his new baby Tommy.

    1. that
    2. whom
    3. who
  2. The car … was bought by Adam two year ago has broken down so many times.

    1. whom
    2. which
    3. whose
  3. The man … is eating ramen noodles on the convenience store lives near my house.

    1. which
    2. who
    3. whom
  4. The poor boy is sleeping on the mattress, … is too dirty and old.

    1. which
    2. that
    3. whose
  5. The worker … you are looking won’t be back to the office today.

    1. whom
    2. for whom
    3. to whom
  6. Marie Curie, … husband worked as a laboratory instructor, was a pioneer in the field of radiology.

    1. whose
    2. who
    3. whom
  7. It was Sarah … couldn’t stop fooling around.

    1. whom
    2. that
    3. which
  8. People … eat fruits and vegetables may have more attractive skin color.

    1. that
    2. which
    3. whom
  9. The software … maker was unknown was used by many retailers.

    1. that
    2. whom
    3. whose
  10. The person … I want to send this package has moved to unknown location.

    1. to whom
    2. whom
    3. from whom

Jawaban

  1. c. who | Who berfungsi sebagai subject dari verb “is” pada relative clause “who is extremely dilligent” dan mengacu pada noun “brother” pada main clause.
  2. b. which | Which berfungsi sebagai subject dari verb “was bought” pada relative clause “which was bought by Adam two year ago” dan mengacu pada noun “car” pada main clause.
  3. b. who | Who berfungsi sebagai subject dari verb “eating” pada relative clause “who is eating ramen noodles on the convenience store” dan mengacu pada noun “man” pada main clause.
  4. a. which | Which berfungsi sebagai subject dari verb “is” pada relative clause “which is too dirty and old” dan mengacu pada noun “mattress” pada main clause.
  5. b. for whom | Whom berfungsi sebagai object of preposition “for” dan mengacu pada noun “worker”.
  6. a. whose | Whose berperan sebagai possessive.
  7. b. that | That berfungsi sebagai subject dari verb “stop” pada relative clause “couldn’t stop fooling around”.
  8. a. that | That berfungsi sebagai subject dari verb “eat” pada relative clause “who eat fruits and vegetables” dan mengacu pada noun “people” pada main clause.
  9. c. whose | Whose berfungsi sebagai possessive.
  10. a. to whom | Whom merupakan object of preposition to pada relative clause “to whom I want to send this package” dan mengacu pada noun “person”.

Materi Relative Pronoun

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Relative Clause Quiz. http://esl.about.com/library/quiz/bl_relative1.htm. Accessed on December 18, 2013.
  2. Adjective Clauses 1. http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/adj1.htm. Accessed on December 18, 2013.
  3. Introducing and General Usage in Defining Clauses. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/645/01/. Accessed on December 18, 2013.
  4. Pronouns. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/pronouns1.htm. Accessed on October 16, 2012.

Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

15 thoughts on “Soal Relative Pronoun”

  1. masih bingung perbedaan penggunaan relative pronoun yg ada to atau for di depannya. bisa djelasin lagi gk min? mksih

    • Maaf baru balas Deny. Kadang memang relative pronoun digunakan sebagai object dari preposition (contoh: to, for, in).
      Kuncinya lihat verb pada bagian relative clause nya Deny, perlu atau tidak menggunakan preposition.

      Contoh:

      Complex sentence: He is the one for whom I am waiting.
      Relative clause: for whom I’m waiting
      whom: object of preposition “for”
      sebenarnya for itu memaknai “waiting for”, namun “for” nya di taruh di depan relative clause, mendahului whom (si object nya).

      Semoga membantu ^^

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