Relative Adverb

Pengertian Relative Adverb

Relative Adverb adalah adverb (kata keterangan) yang digunakan untuk mengawali adjective clause yang menerangkan noun pada complex sentence. 

Relative adverb yang berfungsi seperti relative pronoun (who, whom, whose, which, dan that) itu ada tiga macam, yaitu: where, when, dan why.

Contoh Relative Adverb Didalam Relative Clause:

Complex Sentence Keterangan
Bandar Lampung is a city where I was born.
(Bandar Lampung adalah sebuah kota dimana saya dilahirkan.)
Where (relative adverb) menerangkan verb “was born” sedangkan keseluruhan klausa where I was born (relative clause) menerangkan noun “city”.
Meskipun klausa keseluruhan merupakan adjective (karena menerangkan noun pada independent clause “Bandar Lampung is a city”, namun relative adverb sendiri memenuhi fungsi sebagai adverb karena menerangkan verb didalam relative clause.

Fungsi dan Contoh Kalimat Relative Adverb

Fungsi Contoh Kalimat
Where
Where menerangkan noun of place (noun yang menyatakan tempat, contoh: place, countrycity) I will visit a place where cows eat fresh grass.
(Saya akan mengunjungi suatu tempat dimana sapi-sapi makan rumput segar.)

Keterangan:

Where (relative adverb) menerangkan verb “eat” sedangkan where cows eat fress grass (adjective clause) menerangkan noun “place”.

When
When menerangkan noun of time (noun yang menyatakan waktu, contoh: time, momentMarch, day) Do you miss the time when we went to school together?
(Apakah kamu merindukan saat kita pergi ke sekolah bersama-sama?)

Keterangan:

When (relative adverb) menerangkan verb “went” sedangkan when we went to school together (adjective clause)
menerangkan noun “time”.

Why
Why menerangkan noun “reason”. They want to know the reason why
he cancelled the meeting
.
(Mereka ingin tau alasan mengapa dia membatalkan pertemuan)

Keterangan:

Why (relative adverb) menerangkan verb “cancelled” sedangkan why he cancelled the meeting (adjective clause) menerangkan noun “reason”.

Exercises:

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Adverbs. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/adverbs.htm. Accessed on April 2, 2013.
  2. Adverbs. http://www.barstow.edu/lrc/tutorserv/handouts/003%20Adverbs.pdf. Accessed on November 28, 2012.
  3. Dependent Clauses. http://wp.stockton.edu/grammar/files/2012/11/Dependent-Clauses-just-Sentences.pdf. Accessed on November 28, 2012.
Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

2 thoughts on “Relative Adverb”

  1. Selain relative adverb yang tiga (when, where, why). Trus kalau relative clause yang menggunakan “what/how” masuk dikategori mana kak?
    Contoh: I forget what I did yesterday

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