Complex Sentence

Soal Sentence Types

Pengertian Complex Sentence

Complex sentence adalah sentence type (tipe kalimat) yang terdiri dari satu independent clause dan satu atau lebih dependent clause.

Selain complex sentence, ada pula tipe kalimat yang lain, yaitu:

Dengan memahami berbagai tipe kalimat, akan sangat membantu dalam memberikan variasi kalimat pada sebuah tulisan.

contoh kalimat complex sentence
contoh kalimat complex sentence

Dependent Clause, Independent Clause, dan Complex Sentence

Independent clause merupakan kelompok kata yang mengandung subjectverb, dan biasanya komponen lain hingga membentuk suatu pikiran yang utuh. Dependent clause juga mengandung subject dan verb namun belum mengungkapkan suatu pikiran yang utuh.

Pada complex sentence, pikiran pada independent clause merupakan pikiran utama (lebih penting) dan menjadi pondasinya; sedangkan pada dependent clause merupakan tambahan. Dependent clause dapat dibedakan menjadi tiga, yaitu:

Macam dan Rumus Dependent Clausec

Macam Rumus dan Contoh Dependent Clause
adverbial clause subordinate conjunction (after, because, since, when, although, because, …) + S +V +/- …
adjective clause relative pronoun (who, which, whose, whom, that, …) / relative adverb (why, where, when) + S + V +/- …
noun clause question word, if/weather, that + S + V +/- …

Adverbial clause dapat berada di awal atau akhir complex sentence. Ketika berada di awal, biasanya adverbial clause dan indepedent clause dipisahkan dengan koma. Adapun adjective clause, jika informasi yang dibawanya penting dan akan mengubah makna jika dihilangkan (essential, defining adjective clause), maka koma tidak digunakan untuk memisahkannya dengan independent clause. Sebaliknya, jika informasi yang dibawanya tidak akan mengubah maksud kalimat ketika dihilangkan (non-essential, non-defining adjective clause), koma digunakan.

Contoh Kalimat Complex Sentence

No Contoh Kalimat Complex Sentence
1 Because she had free time during last holiday, she rearranged her house.
(Karena dia punya waktu luang selama liburan lalu, dia menata ulang rumahnya.)

Keterangan:

  • because she had free time during last holiday = adverbial clause
  • she rearranged her house = independent clause
2 I’ll give you a call when I finish.
(Saya akan meneleponmu setelah saya selesai.)

Keterangan:

  • when I finish = adverbial clause
  • I’ll give you a call = independent clause
3 I like the book that he just read.
(Saya suka buku yang baru dia baca.)

Keterangan:

  • that he just read = adjective clause (essential)
  • I like the book = independent clause
4 Tom, which is very cute, is my cat.
(Tom, yang sangat manis, adalah kucing saya.)

Keterangan:

  • which is very cute = adjective clause (non-essential)
  • Tom is my cat = independent clause
5 People who do exercise regularly have lower risk of depression. (Orang-orang yang berolahraga secara teratur memiliki resiko depresi yang lebih rendah.)

Keterangan:

  • who do exercise regularly = adjective clause (essential)
  • People have lower risk of depression = independent clause
6 Yulia, who does a lot of exercise, has a positive body image.
(Yulia, yang banyak berolahraga, mempunyai body image yang positif.)

Keterangan:

  • who does a lot of exercise = adjective clause (non-essential)
  • Yulia has a positive body image = independent clause
7 I forgot where I put my key.
(Saya lupa di mana saya meletakkkan kunci saya.)

Keterangan:

  • where I put my key = noun clause
  • noun clause menjadi direct object bagi verb “forget” pada independent clause
8 That today is my birthday is not right.
(Bahwa hari ini ulang tahun saya tidak benar.)

Keterangan:

  • that today is my birthday = noun clause
  • noun clause menjadi subject bagi independent clause

Complex sentence cenderung lebih efektif daripada compound sentence karena menunjukkan hubungan yang lebih jelas atau spesifik antar klausa di dalam kalimat tersebut berkat peran subordinate conjunctionrelative pronounquestion word, dan if.

Exercises:

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Sentences: Simple, Compound, and Complex. http://www2.ivcc.edu/rambo/eng1001/sentences.htm. Accessed on September 29, 2012.
  2. Types of Sentences: Simple, Compound, Complex,
    and Compound-Complex. http://www.ucmo.edu/ae/writing/documents/TYPESOFSENTENCES.pdf. Accessed on September 29, 2012.
  3. Complex Sentences. http://www.esc.edu/online-writing-center/resources/grammar/ways-structure-sentences/complex-sentences/. Accessed on September 29, 2012.
  4. Sentence Types. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/573/02/. Accessed on September 29, 2012.
  5. Kinds of Sentences and Their Punctuation. http://www.towson.edu/ows/sentences.htm. Accessed on September 30, 2012.
  6. Syntax – English sentence structure. http://esl.fis.edu/learners/advice/syntax.htm. Accessed on September 29, 2012.
  7. Noun Clauses. http://faculty.deanza.edu/flemingjohn/stories/storyReader$23. Accessed on September 30, 2012.
  8. Adjective Clauses. http://faculty.deanza.edu/flemingjohn/stories/storyReader$20. Accessed on September 30, 2012.
Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

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11 thoughts on “Complex Sentence”

  1. It’s recommended to students who want to self-sufficient study English.

  2. it’s so useful ???? thanks

    1. Wilma Yulia says:

      you’re welcome…I appreciate your feedback :)

  3. Thanks for your information.. It’s very important to read

    1. Wilma Yulia says:

      my pleasure…thanks for your feedback Bintang :)

  4. Adetiya Rezky P.M says:

    Thanks, but saya akan beri kritikan klo bisa sama gambaran teorinya yaa dan itu sangat membantu

    1. Wilma Yulia says:

      gambaran teori seperti keterangan di awal gitu ya Adetiya

  5. vina aisyah says:

    Thank you ini sangat membantuku….

    1. Wilma Yulia says:

      you’re welcome ^^

    1. Wilma Yulia says:

      you’re welcome ^^

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