Will dan Would (Modal Auxiliary Verb)

Soal Modal Verb

Pengertian Will  dan Would

Will dan would merupakan modal auxiliary verb. Apa itu modal auxiliary verb? yaitu kata yang digunakan bersama main verb (kata kerja utama) untuk mengekspresikan willingness (kemauan) atau ability(kemampuan), necessity (kebutuhan), dan possibility (kemungkinan).

Selain will dan would, modal verb yang lain yaitu:

Beberapa Fungsi dan Contoh Will dan Would

Fungsi Contoh Kalimat Will dan Would
Will/Would digunakan untuk membentuk conditional sentence. Perbedaannya, will untuk conditional sentence type 1, sedangkan would untuk conditional sentence type 2 dan 3.
Rumus:
Conditional type 1 = if + simple present, will + bare infinitive
Conditional type 2 = if + simple past, would + bare infinitive
Conditional type 3 = if + past perfect, would have + past participle
If I have free time, I will go swimming.
(Jika saya punya waktu luang, saya akan pergi berenang.)
If I were a millionaire, I would donate my money to charity.
(Jika saya seorang millionaire, saya akan mendonasikan uang saya untuk amal.)
If the waitress had been careful, she wouldn’t have broken many plates.
(Jika pelayan tersebut hati-hati, dia tidak akan memecahkan banyak piring.)
Will/would untuk menyatakan polite request (pertanyaan sopan untuk meminta izin atau meminta bantuan), dimana will untuk informal polite request sedangkan would untuk formal polite request. Will you accept my apology?
(Maukah kamu menerima permintaan maaf saya?)
Would you mind helping me with my presentation?
(Maukah kamu membantu presentasi saya?)
Will untuk membuat keputusan secara spontan. (Simple Future Tense) I’ll follow your advice.
(Saya akan mengikuti nasehatmu.)
You look cold. I’ll lend you my jacket.
(Saya akan meminjamkanmu jaket.)
Will dan Would digunakan untuk membuat prediksi. Will untuk prediksi di masa depan (simple future) sedangkan would prediksi masa depan dari perspektif masa lalu (past future). My father had a strong feeling that the weather would be warm.
(Ayah saya punya perasaan kuat bahwa cuaca akan hangat.)
I think Reny will come.
(Saya pikir Reny akan datang.)

Exercises:

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Helping and Modal Auxiliary Verbs. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/auxiliary.htm. Accessed on April 8, 2013.
  2. Ability, Permission, Requests and Advice. http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/verbs/modal-verbs/ability-permission-requests-and-advice. Accessed on April 8, 2013.
  3. Modals of Polite Request: Would you, Could you, Will you, Can you. http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/330-modals-polite.htm. Accessed on February 11, 2013.
  4. Requests: Can, Could, Will, Would, Would you mind. http://www2.bakersfieldcollege.edu/jhart/Main%20Page/ENSL%20B3/B3%20PowerPonts/Presentation%205.pps. Accessed on February 11, 2013.
  5. Conditional Verb Forms. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/conditional.htm. Accessed on April 10, 2013.
  6. Polite Requests. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/grammar/learnit/learnitv239.shtml. Accessed on April 20, 2013.
Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

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