Can dan Could (Modal Auxiliary Verb)

Soal Modal Verb

Can dan Could

Can dan could merupakan modal auxiliary verb. Apa itu modal auxiliary verb? yaitu kata yang digunakan bersama main verb (kata kerja utama) untuk mengekspresikan willingness (kemauan) atau ability (kemampuan), necessity (kebutuhan), dan possibility (kemungkinan).

Selain can/could, modal verb yang lain yaitu:

Beberapa Fungsi dan Contoh Kalimat Can dan Could

Fungsi Can dan Could Contoh Kalimat Can dan Could
Can dan could digunakan untuk menyatakan ability (kemampuan). Namun could untuk ability dimasa lalu (past) sedangkan can dimasa depan. The boy can make his own breakfast.
(Anak laki-laki itu bisa membuat sarapannya sendiri.)
The manager can buy a new car with 50% of his annual salary.
(Manager tersebut dapat membeli mobil baru dengan 50% dari gaji tahunannya.)
I could read the book more faster than you yesterday.
(Saya dapat membaca buku lebih cepat dari kamu kemarin.)
Can dan could untuk menyatakan polite request (pertanyaan sopan untuk meminta izin atau meminta bantuan), dimana can untuk informal polite request di masa depan (future) sedangkan could untuk formal polite request dimasa lalu (past) atau masa depan. Can I your pen for a moment?
(Bisakah saya meminjam penamu sebentar?)
Could I use your computer to print and scan?
(Bolehkah saya memakai komputermu untuk print dan scan?)
Could untuk menyatakan expressing wishes (seorang speaker menginginkan realita yang berbeda)
Rumus:
wish(es) + simple past (could) / past perfect (could have + past participle) / past future (could + bare infinitive)
Raisa wishes she could drive a car.
(Raisa berharap dia dapat menyetir mobil.)
My brother wishes he could have owned a house when he was twenty-five years old.
(Saudara saya berharap dia telah memiliki sebuah rumah ketika dia berumur dua puluh lima tahun.)
Could digunakan pada conditional sentence type 2 dan 3.
Rumus:
Conditional type 2 = if + simple past, could + bare infinitive
Conditional type 3 = if + past perfect, could have + past participle
If Vera studied hard, she could graduate next three months.
(Jika Vera belajar keras, dia dapat lulus tiga bulan ke depan.)
If you had asked for help, I could have helped you.
(Jika kamu telah meminta tolong, saya dapat menolongmu.)
Could dapat digunakan untuk memberikan saran (make suggestions). We could visit the zoo tomorrow.
(Kita bisa mengunjungi kebun binatang besok.)
Can dapat digunakan untuk memberikan penawaran (make offers). Can I help you to solve your financial problems?
(Dapatkah saya membantumu memecahkan masalah-masalah keuanganmu?)

Exercises:

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Helping and Modal Auxiliary Verbs. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/auxiliary.htm. Accessed on April 8, 2013.
  2. Ability, Permission, Requests and Advice. http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/verbs/modal-verbs/ability-permission-requests-and-advice. Accessed on April 8, 2013.
  3. Modals of Polite Request: Would you, Could you, Will you, Can you. http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/330-modals-polite.htm. Accessed on February 11, 2013.
  4. Requests: Can, Could, Will, Would, Would you mind. http://www2.bakersfieldcollege.edu/jhart/Main%20Page/ENSL%20B3/B3%20PowerPonts/Presentation%205.pps. Accessed on February 11, 2013.
  5. Wish. http://faculty.washington.edu/marynell/grammar/wish.html. Accessed on April 10, 2013.
  6. Conditional Verb Forms. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/conditional.htm. Accessed on April 10, 2013.
  7. Conditional Sentences. http://faculty.deanza.edu/flemingjohn/stories/storyReader$18. Accessed on April 10, 2013.
Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

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