Qualitative Adjective: Pengertian dan Contoh Kalimat Bahasa Inggris

Pengertian Qualitative Adjective

Qualitative adjective adalah adjective (kata sifat) yang mendeskripsikan karakteristik atau penilaian (opini) dari suatu noun (kata benda).


Contoh Qualitative Adjective

  • cheap, expensive
  • easy, difficult
  • far, near
  • good, bad
  • happy, sad
  • narrow, wide
  • normal, ordinary
  • weak, strong
  • big, small, slim, little
  • tall, short, long
  • young, old

qualitative adjectiveJenis kata sifat ini dapat ditempatkan sebelum noun sebagai attributive adjective (a young woman), ataupun setelah noun dengan diselangi linking verb (be, look, taste, seem, etc) sebagai predicative adjective (She is young).

Contoh Kalimat Qualitative Adjective

  1. The thrift store offered a variety of cheap clothes, while the boutique next door sold expensive designer brands.
    (Toko barang bekas itu menawarkan berbagai pakaian murah, sedangkan butik di sebelahnya menjual merek-merek desainer yang mahal.)
  2. Learning to ride a bicycle is usually easy for children but can be difficult for adults.
    (Belajar mengendarai sepeda biasanya mudah bagi anak-anak, namun bisa jadi sulit bagi orang dewasa.)
  3. She received good feedback on her presentation, while her colleague faced criticism for a bad performance.
    (Dia menerima tanggapan yang baik atas presentasinya, sementara rekannya mendapat kritik karena presentasi yang buruk.)

Qualitative Adjective: Gradable, Comparative, dan Superlative

Berbeda dengan classifying adjective, qualitative adjective biasanya bersifat gradable (dapat dimodifikasi di depan atau di belakangnya oleh adverb of degree: very, enough, a bit, extremely, really, so, somewhat, etc) serta memiliki bentuk comparative “-er/more/irregular” maupun superlative “-est/most/irregular”.

Contoh Qualitative Adjective

positive – adverb of degree + positive – comparative – superlative

  • big – very big – bigger – the biggest
  • expensive – so expensive – more expensive – the most expensive
  • bad – extremely bad – worst – the worst

Contoh Kalimat Qualitative Adjective

  1. The Pan-American Highway is a very long road.
    (Pan-American Highway adalah jalan yang sangat panjang.)
  2. The highway is longer than the Trans-Siberian Highway.
    (Jalan raya tersebut lebih panjang dari Trans-Siberian Highway.)
  3. It is the longest road in the world.
    (Itu adalah jalan terpanjang di dunia.)

Lihat juga:


References:

  1. Qualitative and Classifying Adjectives. http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/words/qualitative-and-classifying-adjectives. Accessed on March 9, 2015.
  2. Qualitative Adjective. http://grammar.about.com/od/pq/g/Qualitative-Adjective.htm. Accessed on March 9, 2015.

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