Gradable Adjective vs. Non-Gradable Adjective

Gradable Adjective

Kebanyakan adjective (kata sifat) bersifat gradable, yaitu maknanya dapat dimodifikasi (diperkuat atau diperlemah) dengan menempatkan adverb of degree di depan atau belakangnya.

Contoh Gradable Adjective:

  • big, rather big, very big
  • cold, rather cold, cold enough
  • hot, very hot, extremely hot
  • important, moderately important, so important

Contoh Kalimat Gradable Adjective dan Artinya

  1. It was cold enough to snow.
    (Cukup dingin untuk turun salju.)
  2. Safety in the workplace is so important.
    (Keselamatan di tempat kerja sangat penting?)

Non-Gradable Adjective

Non-gradable adjective merupakan adjective yang secara umum tidak dapat dimodifikasi maknanya oleh adverb of degree, karena sudah bermakna “extreme” atau merupakan classifying adjective.

non-gradable adjectiveContoh Non-Gradable Adjective:

  • freezing
  • fascinated
  • terrifying
  • impossible
  • annual
  • electronic
  • external
  • nuclear
  • western

Tidak ada very annual/electronic/external/nuclear/western yang karena kata-kata sifat tersebut tergolong classifying adjective. Namun ada beberapa adverb of degree seperti: absolutely, completely, dan really yang mungkin dapat memodifikasi non-gradable adjective.

Contoh Kalimat Non-Gradable Adjective dan Artinya

  1. The freezing point of water is 0°C.
    (Titik beku air adalah 0°C.)
  2. Taylor Wilson built a nuclear reactor when he was fourteen.
    (Taylor Wilson membangun reaktor nuklir ketika dia berumur empat belas tahun.)
  3. It is absolutely impossible to please everyone.
    (Sangat tidak mungkin menyenangkan semua orang.)
  4. Their relationship was really terrifying.
    (Hubungan mereka benar-benar mengerikan.)

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References:

  1. Gradable and Non-Gradable Adjectives. http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/words/gradable-and-non-gradable-adjectives. Accessed on March 5, 2015.
  2. Adjectives (Gradable / Non-Gradable). http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/grammar-reference/adjectives-gradable-non-gradable. Accessed on March 5, 2015.
  3. Non-Gradable Adjectives. https://www.englishclub.com/grammar/adjectives-gradable-non.htm. Accessed on March 5, 2015.
  4. Adjective Gradability. https://www.englishclub.com/grammar/adjectives-gradability.htm. Accessed on March 5, 2015.

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