Gradable Adjective vs. Non-Gradable Adjective

Gradable Adjective

Kebanyakan adjective (kata sifat) bersifat gradable, yaitu maknanya dapat dimodifikasi (diperkuat atau diperlemah) dengan menempatkan adverb of degree di depan atau belakangnya.

Contoh Gradable Adjective:

  • big, rather big, very big
  • cold, rather cold, cold enough
  • hot, very hot, extremely hot
  • important, moderately important, so important

Contoh Kalimat Gradable Adjective:

1 It was cold enough to snow.
(Cukup dingin untuk turun salju.)
2 Safety in the workplace is so important.
(Keselamatan di tempat kerja sangat penting?)

Non-Gradable Adjective

Non-gradable adjective merupakan adjective yang secara umum tidak dapat dimodifikasi maknanya oleh adverb of degree, karena sudah bermakna “extreme” atau merupakan classifying adjective.

non-gradable adjectiveContoh Non-Gradable Adjective:

  • freezing
  • fascinated
  • terrifying
  • impossible
  • annual
  • electronic
  • external
  • nuclear
  • western

Tidak ada very annual/electronic/external/nuclear/western yang karena kata-kata sifat tersebut tergolong classifying adjective.

Contoh Kalimat Non-Gradable Adjective:

1 The freezing point of water is 0°C.
(Titik beku air adalah 0°C.)
2 Taylor Wilson built a nuclear reactor when he was fourteen.
(Taylor Wilson membangun reaktor nuklir ketika dia berumur empat belas tahun.)

Namun ada beberapa adverb of degree seperti: absolutely, completely, dan really yang mungkin dapat memodifikasi non-gradable adjective.

Contoh Kalimat Non-Gradable Adjective:

1 It is absolutely impossible to please everyone.
(Sangat tidak mungkin menyenangkan semua orang.)
2 Their relationship was really terrifying.
(Hubungan mereka benar-benar mengerikan.)

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Gradable and Non-Gradable Adjectives. http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/words/gradable-and-non-gradable-adjectives. Accessed on March 5, 2015.
  2. Adjectives (Gradable / Non-Gradable). http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/grammar-reference/adjectives-gradable-non-gradable. Accessed on March 5, 2015.
  3. Non-Gradable Adjectives. https://www.englishclub.com/grammar/adjectives-gradable-non.htm. Accessed on March 5, 2015.
  4. Adjective Gradability. https://www.englishclub.com/grammar/adjectives-gradability.htm. Accessed on March 5, 2015.
Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

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