Lend / Borrow (Verb): Perbedaan, Contoh Kalimat, dan Soal

Pengertian Lend dan Borrow

Penggunaan kata kerja lend dan borrow kadang-kadang membingungkan. Padahal, dua kata ini sangat berbeda maknanya.


Lend berarti memberikan sesuatu (give something) kepada orang lain selama periode tertentu dan berharap mendapatkannya kembali setelah periode waktunya berakhir. Bentuk past tense (verb-2) dan past participle-nya (verb-3) ialah lent.

Borrow berarti mengambil atau menerima sesuatu (get or receive something) dari orang lain atau institusi dengan ijin dan berniat mengembalikannya setelah periode waktunya berakhir. Bentuk past tense dan past participle-nya adalah borrowed. Borrow dapat pula berati menggunakan ide, kata, dll dari sumber lain.

lend vs. borrowContoh Kalimat Lend dan Borrow dan Artinya

  1. He borrowed the books yesterday.
    (Dia meminjam buku-buku tersebut kemarin.)
  2. Can I borrow your calculator for an hour?
    (Dapatkah saya kalkulatormu selama satu jam?)
  3. You shouldn’t borrow all his good ideas.
    (Kamu tidak seharusnya menggunakan semua ide bagusnya.)
  4. Could you lend me some money until next week?
    (Dapatkah kamu meminjami saya sedikit uang sampai minggu depan?)
  5. If I were you, I would lend $100 to him.
    (Jika saya ini kamu, saya akan meminjamkan $100 kepadanya.)
  6. I sometimes lend my car to him.
    (Saya kadang-kadang meminjamkan mobil saya kepadanya.)

Ketika menggunakan kata kerja “lend” di dalam kalimat, kamu mungkin dapat menggunakan struktur: lend + indirect object + direct object atau lend + direct object + to/for + indirect object. Namun untuk struktur yang pertama, hindari jika kedua object-nya berupa personal pronoun agar kalimat terdengar natural.

Contoh Kalimat Lend dengan Direct dan Indirect Object

  1. She never lends me anything.
    (Da tidak pernah meminjami saya apapun.)

    atau

    She never lends anything to me.
    (Dia tidak pernah meminjami apapun kepada saya.)

    dengan

    me = indirect object dan anything = direct object.

  2. She didn’t lend it to me.
    (Dia tidak meminjamkan itu kepada saya.)

    hindari

    She didn’t lend me it.

    karena

    me, it = personal pronoun

Contoh Soal Lend dan Borrow

Ketik a atau b untuk melengkapi kalimat di bawah ini.

  1. Can you ... me a dollar?

    1. lend
    2. borrow

    Your answer:

  2. She ... the ladder from her neighbor.

    1. lent
    2. borrowed

    Your answer:

  3. Selly ... so much money to him, but he didn't returned it.

    1. lent
    2. borrowed

    Your answer:

  4. They had to ... money to rent a house in Greece.

    1. lend
    2. borrow

    Your answer:

  5. May I ... your book until tomorrow?

    1. lend
    2. borrow

    Your answer:

  1. He said he wouldn't ... it to me again.

    1. lend
    2. borrow

    Your answer:

  2. My sisters used to ... one another's brooches.

    1. lend
    2. borrow

    Your answer:

  3. She asked him to ... her a camera for a day and he refused.

    1. lend
    2. borrow

    Your answer:

  4. I ... the wireless unit to Irvan.

    1. lent
    2. borrowed

    Your answer:

  5. I let my friend ... my car and it was involved in an accident.

    1. lend
    2. borrow

    Your answer:

Correct
Incorrect

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Lihat juga:


References:

  1. Lend or Borrow. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/lend-or-borrow. Accessed on August 5, 2014.
  2. ‘Lend’ or ‘Borrow’http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/youmeus/learnit/learnitv60.shtml. Accessed on August 5, 2014.
  3. Confusing Verb Pairs. http://esl.about.com/od/vocabularyintermediate/ss/confusing_verb_pairs_6.htm. Accessed on August 5, 2014.
  4. Borrow. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/borrowed. Accessed on August 5, 2014.
  5. Lend. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/lend. Accessed on June 24, 2015.
  6. Borrow. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/borrow. Accessed on January 8, 2016.
  7. Borrow. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/borrow. Accessed on January 8, 2016.
  8. Borrow. http://www.macmillandictionary.com/dictionary/british/borrow. Accessed on January 8, 2016.
  9. Lend. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/lend. Accessed on January 8, 2016.
  10. Lend. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/lend. Accessed on January 8, 2016.
  11. Lend. http://www.macmillandictionary.com/dictionary/british/lend_1. Accessed on January 8, 2016.
  12. Lend. http://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/lend. Accessed on January 8, 2016.

About Wilma Yulia

Wilma is a grammar enthusiast. She loves learning about things and writes about them.



2 thoughts on “Lend / Borrow (Verb): Perbedaan, Contoh Kalimat, dan Soal

    1. Wilma Yulia  

      Inspeksi 😀
      Eh ya, selain yg kemaren, coba cek: w3schools.com. Mulai dari html aja..

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