Pengertian dan Contoh Compound-Complex Sentence

Pengertian Compound-Complex Sentence

Compound-complex sentence adalah sentence type (tipe kalimat) yang merupakan kombinasi antara compound dengan complex sentence. Tipe kalimat ini memiliki 3 atau lebih klausa di dalamnya, dimana minimal terdiri dari 2 independent clause dan 1 dependent clause.

Tipe kalimat yang lain yaitu: simplecompound, dan complex sentence. Dengan memahami berbagai tipe kalimat, akan sangat membantu dalam memberikan variasi kalimat pada sebuah tulisan.

Contoh Compound-Complex Sentence:

While he was cleaning the kitchen, he found a lot of expired food, but he didn’t  got rid of it immediately.
(Ketika dia sedang membersihkan dapur, dia menemukan banyak makanan kadaluarsa, tapi dia tidak membuangnya segera.)

compound complex sentencedimana kalimat di atas merupakan gabungan dari:

  • Complex Sentence: While he was cleaning the kitchen, he found a lot of  expired food. (dependent, independent)
  • Compound Sentence: He found a lot of expired food, but he didn’t got rid of it immediately. (independent, independent)

Sehingga secara keseluruhan compound-complex sentence tersebut memiliki 2 independent dan 1 dependent clause.

Punctuation (Tanda Baca) pada Compound-Complex Sentence

Pada dasarnya, compound-complex sentence mengikuti aturan penggunaan tanda baca yang berlaku terhadap compound dan complex sentence. Secara ringkas aturannya adalah sebagai berikut.

CompoundComplex
  • Jika menggunakan coordinate conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so), tanda baca koma digunakan tepat sebelum kata hubung tersebut.
  • Jika menggunakan conjunctive adverb (furthermore, however, otherwise, when, etc), tanda baca semicolon (titik koma) digunakan tepat sebelum kata hubung dan koma tepat setelah kata hubung.
  • Dapat menggunakan semicolon untuk menghubungkan dua independent clause yang sangat berhubungan.
  • Pada adverbial clause, jika berada di awal kalimat, diujung klausa ini diberi tanda baca koma.
  • Pada adjective clause, jika menerangkan subject (berada di tengah kalimat), dapat diapit koma atau tidak tergantung dari penting atau tidak informasi yang dibawanya.

Contoh Compound-Complex Sentence:

Keterangan:

  • DC= dependent clause
  • IC= independent clause
  • SC= subordinate Conjunction
  • AC= adverbial conjunction
  • RP= relative pronoun
No.ContohKeterangan
1While cleaning the kitchen, he found a lot of expired foodbut he didn’t  got rid of it.While cleaning the kitchen= DC (adverbial clause)
he found a lot of expired food= IC
but= SC
he didn’t  got rid of it= IC
2Andra found a lot of expired food, but he didn’t  got rid of it because he was too lazy to do it.Andra found a lot of expired food= IC
but= SC
he didn’t got rid of it= IC
because= AC
he was too lazy to do it= IC
3Yulia, who does exercise regularly, has a positive body image; therefore, she always looks happy and healthy.
(Yulia yang berolahraga secara teratur, mempunyai body image yang positif. Oleh karena itu, dia selalu tampak bahagia dan sehat.)
Yulia has a positive body image= IC
who does exercise regularly= DC (non-essential adjective clause)
therefore= AC
she always looks happy and healthy= IC
4People who do exercise regularly rarely get sick; they usually have a great immune system.
(Orang-orang yang berolahraga secara teratur jarang jatuh sakit. Mereka biasanya mempunyai sistem imun yang baik.)
People get sick= IC
who do exercise regularly= DC (essential adjective clause)
they usually have a great imune system= IC

Related Posts:

Semoga penjelasan materi compound-complex sentence ini bermanfaat dan mohon maaf  jika ada kekurangan.

References:

  1. Types of Sentences: Simple, Compound, Complex, and Compound-Complex. http://www.ucmo.edu/ae/writing/documents/TYPESOFSENTENCES.pdf. Accessed on October 1, 2012.
  2. Sentence Types. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/573/02/. Accessed on October 1, 2012.
  3. Kinds of Sentences and Their Punctuation. http://www.towson.edu/ows/sentences.htm. Accessed on October 1, 2012.
  4. Syntax – English sentence structure. http://esl.fis.edu/learners/advice/syntax.htm. Accessed on October 1, 2012.

Posted by Wilma Yulia

Enter your email address:

Delivered by FeedBurner

5 thoughts on “Pengertian dan Contoh Compound-Complex Sentence”

    1. Hi Detdy.

      Apa maksud kamu kalimat zig zag= compund-complex sentence?
      compound sentence itu terdiri dari dua independent clause, sedangkan compound-complex sentence terdiri dari compound dan complex sentence (independent + dependent clause). Ada overlap penggunaan independent clause-nya. Coba kamu cermati lagi tulisan ini.

    1. Sama-sama Umi. Oh ya maaf ada sedikit revisi di “Contoh Compound-Complex Sentence” (yg di highlight) dan no. 1. when dirubah menjadi while.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>