Coordinate Conjunction: Penjelasan dan Contoh Soal

Pengertian dan Macam Coordinate Conjunction

Coordinate conjunction atau coordinating conjunction adalah conjunction (kata hubung) yang digunakan untuk menghubungkan dua konstruksi gramatikal yang sama yaitu: kata, frasa (phrase), atau klausa (clause).


Elemen yang dihubungkan tersebut biasanya bersifat paralel (kedudukannya sejajar) secara struktur gramatikal. Kata hubung ini sering digunakan pada compound sentence untuk menghubungkan dua independent clause. Coordinate conjunction terdiri dari: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, dan so (fanboys).

contoh kalimat coordinating conjunction yang menghubungkan dua independent clause: I like my job and boss, but I feel I'm not paid enough. (Saya suka pekerjaan dan atasan saya, tapi saya merasa saya tidak digaji cukup.)

contoh kalimat coordinating conjunction yang menghubungkan dua independent clause

Lihat juga:

for (karena)

diikuti alasan (reason)

and (dan)

untuk menyatakan penambahan

nor (tidak juga, dan tidak)

sering didahului negatif elemen

but (tapi, namun)

untuk menyatakan pertentangan

or (atau)

untuk menyatakan alternatif

nor (namun, meskipun demikian)

untuk menyatakan pertentangan dan semakna “nevertheless” atau “but”

so (jadi, oleh karena itu)

semakna “therefore” dan diikuti hasil atau konsekuensi (result)

Tanda Baca (Punctuation) pada Kalimat dengan Coordinating Conjunction

Jika coordinate conjunction digunakan untuk menghubungkan dua independent clause di dalam suatu compound sentence, maka tanda baca koma (comma) dapat ditempatkan tepat sebelum kata hubung tersebut.

Contoh Kalimat Coordinating Conjunction dan Artinya

  1. I love running and swimming.
    (Saya suka berlari dan berenang.) coordinate conjunction menghubungkan dua kata
  2. Rita and his brother arrived this morning, and they just left 10 minutes ago.
    (Rita dan saudara laki-lakinya tiba pagi ini, dan mereka baru saja pergi 10 menit lalu.) coordinate conjunction menghubungkan dua independent clause
  3. He didn’t come last night, for he fell asleep.
    (Dia tidak datang semalam, karena dia tertidur.)
  4. They are laughing and crying simultaneously.
    (Mereka tertawa dan menangis secara bersamaan.)
  5. Vina and Amel wake up at 5:00 am, and they go to school at 6:30 am.
    (Vina dan Amel bangun jam 5 pagi dan mereka pergi ke sekolah jam setengah tujuh pagi.)
  6. She didn’t answer my call, nor did her friends when I called them last night.
    (Dia tidak menjawab telepon saya, tidak juga teman-temannya ketika saya menghubungi semalam.)
  7. The man helped in sincerity, but many people thought negatively about him.
    (Pria itu membantu dengan tulus, namun banyak orang berpikir negatif.)
  8. What do you prefer to stay at home or go to the cinema on this weekend?
    (Apa yang lebih kamu suka, diam di rumah atau pergi ke bioskop akhir minggu ini?)
  9. The room was small, yet comfortable and functional.
    (Kamarnya kecil, namun nyaman dan fungsional.)
  10. She has lived in London for more than five years, so she can speak English well.
    (Dia telah tinggal di London selama lebih dari lima tahun, oleh karena itu dia dapat berbicara bahasa Inggris dengan baik.)

Coordinate dan Adverbial Conjunction

Adverbial conjunction merupakan kata hubung yang lebih memberi penekanan dengan cara penggunaan punctuation (tanda baca) daripada coordinate conjunction.

Dalam formal english, clause yang diawali dengan adverbial conjunction biasanya dipisahkan dengan clause sebelumnya dengan tanda baca koma (comma) atau titik koma (semicolon). Nama lain dari adverbial conjunction adalah conjunctive adverb atau connecting adverb.

Beberapa coordinate conjunction memiliki padanan makna dengan adverbial conjunction. Contohnya sebagai berikut.

coordinate conjunction adverbial conjunction
and
  • also
  • besides
  • furthermore
  • likewise
  • moreover
but
  • however
  • nevertheless
  • nonetheless
  • still
so
  • accordingly
  • consequently
  • hence
  • therefore
  • thus

Contoh Kalimat Coordinate dan Adverbial Conjunction

  1. The chef will bake bread and turkey for the dinner.
    (Koki itu akan memanggang roti dan kalkun untuk makan malam.)
  2. The scientists found that the question is difficult; besides, they need to work hard to solved it.
    (Para ilmuan tersebut menilai pertanyaan tersebut sulit. Tambahan lagi mereka perlu bekerja keras untuk memecahkannya.)
  3. I would love to join but I’m afraid I don’t have time.
    (Saya akan senang untuk bergabung tapi saya takut tidak ada waktu.)
  4. The man wearing glasses looks so serious, nevertheless, he often laughs out loud with his friends.
    (Pria yang menggunakan kacamata ity tampak sangat serius, meskipun demikian, dia sering tertawa keras bersama teman-temannya.)
  5. Please reconsider, so you will not regret in 10 years.
    (Tolong pertimbangkan supaya kamu tidak akan menyesal dalam 10 tahun.)
  6. Ferarri cars are very sophisticated; accordingly; I want to buy one someday.
    (Mobil Fearri sangat canggih. Karena itu saya ingin membelinya satu suatu hari nanti.)

Contoh Soal Coordinate Conjunction Pilihan Ganda

Ketik a, b, c, atau d untuk melengkapi kalimat di bawah ini.

  1. She has some shoes, ... none of them are comfortable for brisk walking.

    1. and
    2. but
    3. nor
    4. so

    Your answer:

  2. Ones can't eat their cake ... have it too.

    1. and
    2. but
    3. nor
    4. or

    Your answer:

  3. I want to know how customers decide to buy ... not to buy a new car.

    1. and
    2. nor
    3. or
    4. yet

    Your answer:

  4. I lent my friend $10 yesterday, ... her wallet was lost.

    1. and
    2. but
    3. for
    4. so

    Your answer:

  5. My brother and I visited the zoo last week, ... we took some photos.

    1. and
    2. but
    3. for
    4. yet

    Your answer:

  6. The candidate didn't show up for the interview, ... the HR manager crossed her off the list.

    1. and
    2. but
    3. so
    4. yet

    Your answer:

  7. Bobby really hates cold water, ... he attends swimming lesson twice a week in the morning.

    1. and
    2. for
    3. so
    4. yet

    Your answer:

  8. My employer refused to accept my resignation, ... did he raise my salary.

    1. but
    2. nor
    3. so
    4. yet

    Your answer:

  9. I want to buy a new car, ... I'm planning to trade in my current car.

    1. but
    2. for
    3. nor
    4. so

    Your answer:

Correct
Incorrect

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Lihat juga:

Lihat juga:


References:

  1. But – Definition and Synonyms. https://www.macmillandictionary.com/dictionary/british/but_1. Accessed on October 24, 2018.
  2. Sentences: Simple, Compound, and Complex. http://www2.ivcc.edu/rambo/eng1001/sentences.htm. Accessed on September 29, 2012.
  3. What is a Conjunction? http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergrammar/conjunct.html. Accessed on March 2, 2013.
  4. Conjunctions. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/conjunctions.htm. Accessed on March 2, 2013.
  5. Conjunctions. http://www.virtualsalt.com/conjunct.htm. Accessed on March 2, 2013.
  6. FANBOYS — Coordinating Conjunctions. http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/8-3punc.html. Accessed on October 28, 2014.
  7. Conjunctions. http://www.towson.edu/ows/conjunctions.htm. Accessed on October 28, 2014.
  8. Coordinating Conjunction. http://grammar.about.com/od/c/g/coordconjterm.htm. Accessed on October 28, 2014.
  9. have cake and eat it too. http://idioms.thefreedictionary.com/have+cake+and+eat+it+too. Accessed on October 28, 2014.
  10. Adverbial Conjunction. http://www.riohondo.edu/commlang/wordshop/Adverbial Conjunctions.pdf. Accessed on December 7, 2012.

23 thoughts on “Coordinate Conjunction: Penjelasan dan Contoh Soal

  1. Rizal  

    Assalamualaikum mba mau tanya, yet dalam conjunction disini selalu bermakna”but” aja Tah… Bukan bermakna”belum”?

  2. Wilma Yulia  

    Wa’alaikumussalam, Maaf banget Rizal Baru balas 🙁

    Yet sebagai conjunction bermakna “but/nevertheless” Rizal:

    despite what has just been said

    synonym nevertheless

    It’s a small car, yet it’s surprisingly spacious.
    He has a good job, and yet he never seems to have any money. https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/yet_2

    “Belum” itu salah satu penggunaan yet sebagai adverb:

    used in negative sentences and questions to talk about something that has not happened but that you expect to happen

    (British English) I haven’t received a letter from him yet.
    (North American English) I didn’t receive a letter from him yet.
    ‘Are you ready?’ ‘No, not yet.’
    We have yet to decide what action to take (= We have not decided what action to take). https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/yet_1

    Semoga membantu 🙂

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