Imperative Sentence (Kalimat Perintah Bahasa Inggris): Pengertian dan Contoh

Pengertian Imperative Sentence

Imperative sentence adalah sentence type (tipe kalimat) yang digunakan untuk membuat perintah (command), permintaan (request), atau petunjuk (instruction).

Tipe kalimat bahasa Inggris yang lain, yaitu:

Contoh imperative sentence (kalimat perintah bahasa Inggris): Remove the bread from the oven. (Keluarkan roti dari oven.)

contoh imperative sentence (kalimat perintah bahasa Inggris)

Struktur Imperative Sentence

Imperative sentence umumnya tidak menggunakan subject (you) karena dianggap sudah dimengerti (understood) atau dengan kata lain imperative sentence merupakan elliptical construction, yaitu konstruksi kalimat yang satu atau lebih elemen penyusunnya dihilangkan karena dianggap sudah dimengerti.

You switch off the light.
(Matikan lampu.)

Verb yang digunakan pada imperative sentence adalah bare infinitive (bentuk dasar dari verb, tanpa tambahan –s atau –es). Kata “please” dapat ditambahkan di awal atau di akhir imperative sentence untuk membuat kalimat menjadi lebih sopan. Imperative sentence diakhiri dengan full stop (titik) atau bisa juga dengan exlamation mark (tanda seru) jika melibatkan strong emotion (emosi yang kuat).

Please you do not open the next page.
(Tolong jangan buka halaman selanjutnya.)

Contoh Kalimat Imperative Sentence dan Artinya

  1. Do not step on the grass.
    (Jangan menginjak rumput.) command
  2. Come in.
    (Masuk.) command
  3. Shut up the window!
    (Tutup jendela.) command
  4. Please reconsider my job application.
    (Tolong pertimbangkan lamaran kerja saya.) request
  5. Let me alone, please.
    (Biarkan saya sendiri.) request
  6. Add a glass of coconut milk into a pan and then boil it.
    (Tambahkan satu gelas santan ke dalam panci lalu rebus.) instruction
  7. Go straight ahead then turn left.
    (Jalan lurus ke depan lalu belok kiri.) instruction

8 Contoh Soal Imperative Pilihan Ganda

Ketik a atau b untuk melengkapi kalimat di bawah ini.

  1. ... to bed on a full stomach. It can cause acid reflux.

    1. Don't go
    2. Go

    Your answer:

  2. ... afraid. Those dogs won't hurt you.

    1. Be
    2. Don't be

    Your answer:

  3. ... patient. Don't be in such a hurry.

    1. Be
    2. Don't be

    Your answer:

  4. ... your shoes before entering to keep the house clean.

    1. Don't take off
    2. Take off

    Your answer:

  5. ... the door, so we can talk in private.

    1. close
    2. don't close

    Your answer:

  6. ... for lunch together.

    1. Let's go
    2. Let's goes

    Your answer:

  7. ... waste our time.

    1. Let's don't
    2. Let's not

    Your answer:

  8. ... ask me the question again.

    1. Please don't
    2. Please not to

    Your answer:

Correct
Incorrect

Javascript diperlukan untuk menjalankan quiz ini.

Lihat juga:

References:

  1. The Discourse Functions of Sentences. http://www.ucl.ac.uk/internet-grammar/clauses/decl.htm. Accessed on February 26, 2013.
  2. Kinds of Sentences. http://www.sinclair.edu/centers/tlc/pub/handouts_worksheets/english/sentences_kinds_of.pdf. Accessed on February 26, 2013.
  3. The Four Sentence Patterns. http://flang1.kendall.mdc.edu/4/410/L410lec3/L410lecture3.htm. Accessed on February 26, 2013.
  4. Sentence Types. http://www.ithaca.edu/faculty/twomey/HSEL/Sentence%20Types.pdf. Accessed on February 26, 2013.
  5. Verbs and Verbals. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/verbs.htm. Accessed on December 1, 2014.
  6. Imperatives 1. http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/imperat1.htm. Accessed on December 1, 2014.

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