Pengertian, Rumus dan Contoh Conditional Sentences Type 0, 1, 2, 3

Soal Conditional Sentence

Pengertian Conditional Sentence

Conditional sentence adalah complex sentence (kalimat majemuk) yang dibentuk dari subordinate clause yang diawali dengan subordinate conjunction if berupa condition (syarat) dan main clause berupa result/consequence (hasil).

Ada 4 tipe conditional sentence yang biasa digunakan, yaitu: tipe 1, tipe 2, tipe 3, dan tipe 0. Condition pada conditional sentence tipe 1 mungkin dipenuhi, tipe 2 tidak atau hampir tidak mungkin dipenuhi, tipe 3 tidak mungkin dipenuhi (unreal), sedangkan tipe 0 selalu terwujud karena merupakan scientific fact/kebenaran ilmiah.

Rumus Conditional Sentence

Rumus Umum

conditional sentenceSecara umum, rumus kalimat pengandaian ini adalah sebagai berikut.

if + condition, result/consequence

atau tanpa tanda baca koma:

result/consequence + if + condition

Rumus Conditional Sentence berbagai tipe

TypeRumus Conditional Sentence
0if + simple present, simple present
1if + simple present, will + bare infinitive
2if + simple past, would/could/might + bare infinitive
3if + past perfect, would/should/could/might have + past participle

Contoh Conditional Sentence

Berikut contoh conditional sentence pada berbagai tipe sesuai dengan rumus di atas.

TypeContoh Conditional Sentence
0If we burn paper, it becomes ash.
(Jika kita membakar kertas, itu menjadi abu.)
1If I meet himI will introduce myself.
(Jika saya bertemu dia, saya akan memperkenalkan diri.)
2If it rained tomorrow, I would sleep all day.
(Jika besok hujan, saya akan tidur sepanjang hari.)
3If you had remembered to invite me, I would have attended your party.
(Jika kamu ingat mengundang saya, saya akan hadir di pestamu.)

Negatif if + condition

Rumus: if…not dapat digantikan dengan unless.

Contoh conditional sentence: if…not dan unless:

Dengan menggunakan rumus negatif if, contoh conditional sentence seperti di bawah ini.

  • If the students do not understand, they will raise their hand to ask.
  • Unless the students understand, they will raise their hand to ask.

Pages: 1 2 3 4 5

Table of Contents:

  1. Conditional (Intro)
  2. Conditional type 0
  3. Conditional type 1
  4. Conditional type 2
  5. Conditional type 3

Exercises:

Related Posts:

Semoga penjelasan materi conditional sentence ini bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.

References:

  1. Conditional Sentences. http://faculty.deanza.edu/flemingjohn/stories/storyReader$18. Accessed on April 9, 2013.
  2. First, Second, & Third Conditional. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/conditional2.htm. Accessed on April 9, 2013.
  3. Conditionals. http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/cond.htm. Accessed on April 9, 2013.
  4. Zero Conditional. http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/0cond.htm. Accessed on April 9, 2013.
  5. Zero Conditional. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/radio/specials/1636_gramchallenge22/. Accessed on April 9, 2013.

Posted by Wilma Yulia

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