Pengertian, Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Simple Past Tense

Soal Simple Past Tense

Pages: 1 2 3

Pengertian Simple Past Tense

Simple past tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja sederhana untuk menunjukkan bahwa suatu kejadian terjadi di masa lampau. Pada simple past tense, waktu kejadian (yesterday, last two days, last year) atau periode waktunya (for two months, for a day, for an hour) dapat disebutkan secara spesifik. Simple past tense juga dapat digunakan untuk membentuk conditional sentence tipe 2.

Rumus Simple Past Tense

Simple Past TenseSimple past tense dibentuk dari verb-2 (past tense) atau linking verb “be” (was, were). Apa itu verb-2? Verb-2 merupakan bare infinitive (bentuk dasar verb) dengan tambahan -ed-en-d-t-n, atau -ne untuk regular verb atau bentuk yang tidak konsisten pada irregular verb. [Baca juga: Regular dan Irregular Verb]

Dengan demikian rumus simple past tense untuk kalimat positif, negatif, dan interogatif sebagai berikut.

Jenis KalimatRumusContoh Simple Past Tense
positif (+)S + Verb-2 (past tense)
S + be(was/were)
The teacher came
I was a stamp collector
negatif (-)S + did + not + bare infinitive
S + be(was/were) + not
The teacher didn’t come
I wasn’t a stamp collector
interogatif (?)Did + S + bare infinitive
be(was/were) + S
Did the teacher come
Was I a stamp collector

Contoh Simple Past Tense

Beberapa contoh kalimat simple past tense dengan fungsi-fungsinya sebagai berikut.

FungsiContoh kalimat Simple Past Tense
Simple past tense untuk membicarakan aksi yang terjadi dengan durasi waktu tertentu di masa lampau. Preposition “for” dapat digunakan untuk menyatakan periode waktu kejadian.Vina and I went to the Ragunan zoo three months ago.
(Saya dan Vina pergi Ragunan tiga bulan lalu.)
Did he come on time yesterday?
(Apakah dia datang tepat waktu kemarin?)
The party started at 10.00 a.m.
(Pesta mulai jam sepuluh pagi.)
Did you sleep enough last night?
(Apa kamu cukup tidur semalam?)
I studied civil engineering for almost 4 years.
(Saya belajar teknik sipil selama hampir 4 tahun.)
Simple past tense untuk membicarakan kebiasaan pada masa lampau. Subordinate conjunction “when” biasanya digunakan pada situasi ini.I often did exercises in the gym when I lived in Bandung.
(Saya sering berlatih di gym ketika tinggal di Bandung.)
When I was a senior high school student, I always got up at 4 am to study.
(Ketika saya sma, saya selalu bangun jam 4 pagi untuk belajar.)
Untuk menunjukkan bahwa ada aksi berdurasi pendek (simple past tense) yang terjadi ketika suatu aksi berdurasi panjang (past continuous tense) sedang berlangsung.I was reading a journal in the library when someone burped out loud.
(Saya sedang membaca jurnal di perpustakaan ketika seseorang bersendawa keras.)
Untuk menunjukkan bahwa suatu aksi (simple past tense) langsung mengikuti aksi yang telah selesai (past perfect tense).I had already finished my breakfast when he picked me up.
(Saya telah sarapan ketika dia menjemput.)
Simple past tense digunakan pada conditional sentence type 2.If she studied hard, she would be pass.
(Jika dia belajar keras, dia akan lulus.)
I would buy a sport car if I had much money.
(Saya akan membeli mobil sport jika punya uang banyak.)

Soal Simple Past Tense

Pages: 1 2 3

Table of Contents:

  1. Simple Past Tense
  2. Simple Past Tense di dalam Wh- Question
  3. Passive Voice: Simple Past Tense

Related Posts:

Semoga penjelasan materi simple past tense ini bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.

References:

  1. Simple Past Tense. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/tenses/simple_past.htm. Accessed on February 21, 2013.
  2. Sequence of Tenses. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/601/01/. Accessed on February 21, 2013.
  3. Verb Tenses. http://faculty.washington.edu/marynell/grammar/verbtenses.html. Accessed on February 21, 2013.
  4. Understanding When, While and During. http://people.rit.edu/kecncp/Courses/Materials/Grammar/When,While,During.doc. Accessed on December 13, 2012.
  5. The Simple Past and the Past Progressive with When and While. http://www.elc.byu.edu/classes/aoyama/grammar4/aoyg4f05/charts/past2.pdf. Accessed on December 13, 2012.

Posted by Wilma Yulia

113 thoughts on “Pengertian, Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Simple Past Tense”

  1. anonymous says:

    aku mau tanya kalo dalam suatu kalimat ada dua kata kerja pakeknya verb2 semua atau gimana bls scpatnya ya ,please :)

  2. Beto Andrias says:

    thanks for giving this information sis, honestly i dont like this subject (grammar) how to make this subject fun and interesting?? ohya, im from english dept. when im writing an essay, i dont care about my grammar :p i thing, this subject very important and very boring. thank you :D

    1. My pleasure Beto :D
      I learn grammar because I hope I can write a good five paragraph essay like native speakers. Maybe I need 10,000 hours to achive mastery.. ^o^v
      It would be fun to share “how to write an English essay” to my reader after that period. I think you should find what motivates you to know proper grammar. You’re lucky coming from English department..I envy you… :)

      1. Anonymous says:

        Well i’m an indonesian and i never care about my grammar, but it’s so important and i think some of the word that i write in this comment are wrong? i just want to learn about grammar even it’s boring because it’s important :3 ( sorry for my bad grammar / english ) :v

        1. Yup…It’s really important when writing something formal.. Learning grammar may be hard, but not impossible…so why don’t we learn it? :B

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