Stative Verb dengan Bentuk Progressive

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Sekilas Stative Verb

Sesuai dengan namanya, non-action atau stative verb, merupakan kata kerja yang tidak untuk menyatakan tindakan atau kejadian melainkan untuk menyatakan kondisi tidak berubah atau cenderung tetap.

Oleh karena itu, stative verb normalnya tidak memiliki bentuk progressive atau continuous. Namun ada beberapa stative verb dapat menyatakan aksi seperti action verb. Pada kondisi tersebut, stative verb memiliki -ing form.

Stative Verb dengan Bentuk Progressive

Berdasarkan general rule memang stative verb tidak memiliki bentuk progressive. Pada kenyataannya ada beberapa stative verb yang melanggar aturan umum tersebut. Namun ketika kata kerja tersebut menggunakan bentuk progressive, makna kalimat menjadi berbeda. Adapun stative verb tersebut antara lain: appear, feel, have, is, look, see, smell, think, taste, dan weigh.

Contoh Kalimat Stative Verb:

Normal Progressive
The children appear happy.
(Anak-anak tersebut tampak bahagia.)
appear = perception
He is appearing under the stage name Woody.
(Dia tampil dengan nama panggung Woody.)
appearing= action
She feels empty.
(Dia merasa hampa.)
feel = perception
She is feeling the fabric.
(Dia menyentuh bahan kain tersebut.)
feeling = touching (action)
They have a leisure time.
(Mereka memiliki waktu luang)
have = possession
They are having a leisure time.
They are having breakfast.
having secara sederhana
merupakan versi progressive-nya
He is a lazy man.
(Dia adalah seorang pria pemalas.)
is = state (condition)
He is being lazy.
(Dia sedang malas.)
being = behaving (action), bersifat temporer
She looks sad.
(Dia terlihat sedih.)
look = perception
She is looking for her sandals.
(Dia sedang mencari sendalnya.)
looking = action
I see your brother.
(Saya melihat saudaramu.)
see = perception
I‘m seeing your brother.
(Saya mengencani saudaramu.)
seeing = dating (action)
He is seeing a psychologist.
(Dia mendatangiseorang psikolog.)
seeing = visiting, consulting (action)
Your socks smell bad.
(Kaus kakimu bau)
smell = perception
He‘s smelling the coffee.
(Dia sedang membaui kopi).
smelling = action
I think I will buy the product license.
(Saya pikir saya akan membeli lisensi produk tersebut.)
think = opinion
I‘m thinking about buying the product license.
(≈I have been thinking about … recently.)
thinking = considering (action)
This noodle tastes delicious.
(Mie ini terasa lezat.)
taste = perception
The chef is tasting the soup.
(Koki sedang mencicipi sup.)
tasting = action
That woman weighs over 200 pounds.
(Wanita itu berberat lebih dari 200 pon.)
weigh = state (condition)
That woman is weighing the eggs.
(Wanita itu sedang menimbang telur-telur.)
weighing = action

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Table of Contents:

  1. Action dan Non-Action Verb
  2. Non-Action Verb dengan Bentuk Progressive

Related Posts:

Semoga penjelasan materi stative verb ini bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.

References:

  1. Progressive, Stative and Dynamic Verbs. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/progressive.htm. Accessed on December 17, 2012.
  2. Stative (Non-Action) Verbs that Break Normal Rules in English. http://cisl.edu/wordpress/lessons/stative-non-action-verbs-that-break-normal-rules-in-english.htm. Accessed on December 17, 2012.
  3. Non-Action Verbs. http://www2.bakersfieldcollege.edu/jhart/Main Page/ENSL B55/B55 Presentations/Presentation 8.pps. Accessed on December 17, 2012.
  4. Non-progressive verbs. http://www.mpc.edu/academics/Humanities/ESSC/Handouts/Non-progressive verbs.pdf. Accessed on December 17, 2012.
  5. Nonprogressive Verbs or Nonaction Verbs. http://faculty.mdc.edu/jgarcia/1341LdocDone/Verbs/Stativeverbs.htm. Accessed on December 17, 2012.

Posted by Wilma Yulia

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