Rumus Passive Voice Berbagai Tense

Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice pada Berbagai Tense

Passive voice adalah suatu bentuk gramatikal dimana subjek kalimat tidak melakukan aksi, melainkan menerima aksi. Aksi ditindaklanjuti oleh agent lain yang disebutkan ataupun tidak.

rumus passive voice: auxiliary verb + past participle (verb-3)
rumus passive voice

Berikut beberapa rumus dan contoh kalimat passive voice pada beberapa tense bahasa Inggris. Bentuk pasif dari perfect continuous sebaiknya dihindari karena rumit dan tidak elegan.

No Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice
1 Simple Present Tense

Active:

S + verb-1 + direct object

Passive:

S (direct object) + is/am/are + past participle +/- by … (agent)

Contoh Kalimat:

  • People make books from trees.
    (Orang membuat buku dari pohon.)
  • Books are made from trees.
    (Buku dibuat dari pohon.)

Soal Passive – Simple Present Tense

2 Present Continuous Tense

Active:

S + am/is/are + present participle + direct object

Passive:

S (direct object) + is/am/are + being + past participle +/- by … (agent)

Contoh Kalimat:

  • The surveyor is using the digital theodolite.
    (Surveyor sedang menggunakan teodolit digital.)
  • The digital teodolit is being used.
    (Teodolit digital sedang digunakan.)

Soal Passive – Present Continuous

3 Present Perfect Tense

Active:

S + have/has + present participle + direct object

Passive:

S (direct object) + have/has + been + past participle +/- by … (agent)

Contoh Kalimat:

  • We have verified your application.
    (Kami kami akan memverifikasi aplikasimu.)
  • Your application has been verified.
    (Aplikasimu telah diverfikasi.)

Soal Passive – Present Perfect Tense

4 Simple Past Tense

Active:

S + verb-2 + direct object

Passive:

S (direct object) + was/were + past participle +/- by … (agent)

Contoh Kalimat:

  • Sunmark Press printed the first book in 2005.
    (Sunmark Press mencetak buku pertama tersebut pada tahun 2005.)
  • The first book was printed in 2005 by Sunmark Press.
    (Buku pertama tersebut dicetak pada tahun 2005 oleh Sunmark Press.)

Soal Passive – Simple Past Tense

5 Past Continuous Tense

Active:

S + was/were + present participle + direct object

Passive:

S (direct object) +was/were + being + past participle +/- by … (agent)

Contoh Kalimat:

  • My friend was baking bread when I came.
    (Teman saya sedang memanggang roti ketika saya datang.)
  • Bread were being baked when I came.
    (Roti sedang dipanggang ketika saya datang.)

Soal Passive – Past Continuous Tense

6 Past Perfect Tense

Active:

S + had + past participle + direct object

Passive:

S (direct object) + had + been + past participle +/- by … (agent)

Contoh Kalimat:

  • They had used poison gas in World War I.
    (Mereka telah menggunakan gas beracun dalam perang dunia pertama.)
  • Poison gas had been used in World War I.
    (Gas beracun telah digunakan dalam perang dunia pertama.)

Soal Passive – Past Perfect

7 Simple Future Tense

Active:

  • S + will + bare infinitive + direct object
  • S + am/is/are going to + bare infinitive + direct object

Passive:

  • S (direct object) + will + be + past participle +/- by … (agent)
  • S (direct object) + am/is/are going to + be + past participle +/- by … (agent)

Contoh Kalimat:

  • Dino will show you something interesting.
    (Dino akan menunjukkan padamu sesuatu yang menarik.)
  • You will be shown something interesting.
    (Kamu akan ditunjukkan sesuatu yang menarik.)
  • He is going to meet a new client tomorrow.
    (Dia akan bertemu seorang klien baru besok.)
  • A new client is going to be met tomorrow.
    (Seorang klien baru akan ditemui besok.)

Soal Passive – Simple Future Tense

8 Future Perfect Tense

Active:

S + will + have + past participle + direct object

Passive:

S (direct object) + will + have + been + past participle +/- by … (agent)

Contoh Kalimat:

  • I will have saved much money at this time next year.
    (Saya akan telah menyimpan banyak uang tahun depan.)
  • Much money will have been saved at this time next year.
    (Banyak uang akan telah disimpan tahun depan.)

Soal Passive – Future Perfect Tense

Related Posts:

References:

  1. The Passive Voice. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/passive.htm. Accessed on January 26, 2014.
  2. Active/Passive Voice. http://www.towson.edu/ows/activepass.htm. Accessed on January 26, 2014.
  3. The Passive. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/flatmates/episode164/languagepoint.shtml. Accessed on January 26, 2014.

Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

4 thoughts on “Rumus Passive Voice Berbagai Tense”

  1. Kak, untuk bentuk progressive-passive apa memang cuma ada di present dan past (present/past continuous passive)? Jadi tidak ada bentuk passive di perfect-continuos, future dan past-future? Jika iya, kenapa?

    • Maaf Agung baru balas :(

      Bentuk passive pada prefect continuous, future continuous memang sebaiknya dihindari karena rumit dan tidak elegan, sedangkan “past future” seperti would + bare infinitive ada kok bentuk passive nya: would + be + verb-3.

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