Passive Voice – Simple Present Tense: Rumus dan Contoh Soal

Rumus Passive Voice – Simple Present Tense

Berbeda dengan active voice – simple present tense yang main verb-nya berupa verb-1 (pada contoh tulisan sebelumnya: simple present tense), main verb pada passive voice – simple present tense berupa past participle (verb-3).


Past participle ditemani oleh auxiliary verb is/am/are disesuaikan dengan subject pada passive voice (= object pada active voice) agar memenuhi subject-verb agreement. Is digunakan pada singular subject kecuali you dan I; are pada plural subject dan you; sementara am pada I.

Jika ada modal verb (seperti: can, should, may), past participle di dahului oleh auxiliary verb “be”.

contoh kalimat passive voice - simple present tense dan artinya: Bread is baked until the top is golden brown. (Roti dipanggang sampai bagian atasnya berwarna cokelat keemasan.)

contoh kalimat passive voice – simple present tense dan artinya

Lihat juga:

Berikut rumus passive voice dalam simple present tense dan modal verb:

active voice

  • S + verb-1 + direct object
  • S + modal + bare infinitive + direct object

passive voice

  • S (direct object) + is/am/are + past participle +/- by … (agent)
  • S (direct object) + modal + be + past participle +/- by … (agent)

Agent pada passive voice merupakan subject pada active voice. Pada passive voice, subject bertindak sebagai penerima aksi, sedangkan agent sebagai pelaku aksi.

Rumus di atas berlaku untuk transitive verb, dimana memang kata kerja tersebut yang umum dipasifkan. Kalimat dengan intransitive verb mungkin dapat dipasifkan jika memiliki prepositional phrase.

Lihat:

Subject pada passive voice merupakan object of preposition pada active voice.

active voice

S + verb-1int + preposition + object of preposition

passive voice

S (object of preposition) + is/am/are + past participle + preposition +/- by … (agent)

Rumus active voice - simple present tense: verb-1; rumus passive voice - simple present tense: is/am/are + verb-3. Is untuk singular subject kecuali you dan I; are untuk plural subject dan you; sementara am untuk I.

rumus passive voice – simple present tense

Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice – Simple Present Tense / Modal Verb

  1. Pregnant women should eat dark chocolate regularly.
    (Wanita hamil seharusnya makan coklat hitam secara teratur.)

    Dark chocolate should be eaten regularly by pregnant women.
    (Coklat hitam seharusnya dimakan secara teratur oleh wanita hamil.)

  2. People make books from trees.
    (Orang membuat buku dari pohon.)

    Books are made from trees.
    (Buku dibuat dari pohon.)

  3. My parents treat me like a baby.
    (Orang tua memperlakukan saya seperti bayi.)

    I am treated like a baby by my parents .
    (Saya diperlakukan seperti bayi oleh orang tua.)

  4. You can use the photos for free.
    (Kamu bisa menggunakan goto-foto tersebut secara gratis.)

    The photos can be used for free.
    (Foto-foto tersebut dapat digunakan secara gratis.)

  5. He often sleeps on the right side of the bed.
    (Dia selalu tidur di sisi kanan tempat tidur.)

    The right side of the bed is often slept on by him.
    (Sisi kanan tempat tidur sering ditiduri olehnya.)

10 Contoh Soal Passive Voice – Simple Present Tense Pilihan Ganda

Direct object pada active voice menjadi subject pada passive voice dimana pada simple present tense kata kerja verb-1 diubah menjadi be (am/is/are) + verb-3 (past participle).

Rumus active voice - simple present tense: S + verb-1 + direct object. Rumus passive voice - simple present tense: S (direct object - active voice) + is/am/are + verb-3 +/- by ... (S - active voice).

rumus active dan passive voice – simple present tense

Is digunakan pada subject berupa singular noun dan third-person singular pronoun; are pada plural noun, plural pronoun dan you; sementara am pada I.

Pilihlah bentuk pasif yang tepat dari kalimat simple present tense di bawah ini dengan mengetik a, b, c, atau d.

  1. I eat brown rice and green beans.

    1. Brown rice and green beans is ate by me.
    2. Brown rice and green beans is eaten by me.
    3. Brown rice and green beans are ate by me.
    4. Brown rice and green beans are eaten by me.

    Your answer:

  2. He rides a fixed-gear bike.

    1. A fixed-gear bike is ridden by him.
    2. A fixed-gear bike is rode by him.
    3. A fixed-gear bike are ridden by him.
    4. A fixed-gear bike are rode by him.

    Your answer:

  3. They access the intranet.

    1. The intranet are access by them.
    2. The intranet is accessed by them.
    3. The intranet are accessed by them.
    4. The intranet is access by them.

    Your answer:

  4. She brings little money.

    1. Little money is bring by her.
    2. Little money are brought by her.
    3. Little money is brought by her.
    4. Little money are bring by her.

    Your answer:

  5. We need extra pillows.

    1. Extra pillows are need by us.
    2. Extra pillows is needed by us.
    3. Extra pillows are needed by us.
    4. Extra pillows is need by us.

    Your answer:

  6. He plays the game.

    1. The game is play by him.
    2. The game is played by him.
    3. The game are play by him.
    4. The game are played by him.

    Your answer:

  1. My father reads a daily newspaper.

    1. A daily newspaper is readed by my father.
    2. A daily newspaper are read by my father.
    3. A daily newspaper are readed by my father.
    4. A daily newspaper is read by my father.

    Your answer:

  2. The customer service officers answer my questions.

    1. My questions are answered by the customer service officers.
    2. My questions is answered by the customer service officers.
    3. My questions are answer by the customer service officers.
    4. My questions is answered by the customer service officers.

    Your answer:

  3. Do the people operate those tower cranes?

    1. Is those tower cranes operated by the people?
    2. Are those tower cranes operate by the people?
    3. Is those tower cranes operate by the people?
    4. Are those tower cranes operated by the people?

    Your answer:

  4. The tower crane operators wear a hard hat.

    1. A hard hat are wore by the tower crane operators.
    2. A hard hat is worn by the tower crane operators.
    3. A hard hat are worn by the tower crane operators.
    4. A hard hat is wore by the tower crane operators.

    Your answer:

Correct
Incorrect

Javascript diperlukan untuk menjalankan quiz ini.

Lihat juga:

References:

  1. Simple Present Tense. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/tenses/simple_present.htm. Accessed on February 19, 2012.
  2. The Passive Voice. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/passive.htm. Accessed on January 26, 2014.
  3. Active/Passive Voice. http://www.towson.edu/ows/activepass.htm. Accessed on January 26, 2014.
  4. Levin, Beth. (1993). English Verb Classes and Alternations: A Preliminary Investigation. London:The University of Chicago Press, Ltd.
  5. Intransitive Verb. http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Intransitive_verb.html. Accessed on October 18, 2013.
  6. Exercise on Passive Voice – Simple Present. https://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/passive/exercises?simple-present. Accessed on March 4, 2016.
  7. Passive sentences in the Simple Present – Exercise. http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/active_passive/sentences_simple_present.htm. Accessed on March 4, 2016.
  8. The Passive Voice. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/passive.htm. Accessed on January 26, 2014.

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