Passive Voice – Simple Present Tense

Soal Passive Voice – Simple Present Tense

Rumus Passive Voice – Simple Present Tense

Berbeda dengan active voice – simple present tense yang main verb-nya berupa verb-1 (pada contoh tulisan sebelumnya: simple present tense), main verb pada passive voice – simple present tense berupa past participle (verb-3).

Lihat juga:

Past participle ditemani oleh auxiliary verb is/am/are disesuaikan dengan subject pada passive voice (= object pada active voice) agar memenuhi subject-verb agreement. Is digunakan pada singular subject kecuali you dan Iare pada plural subject dan you; sementara am pada I.

Jika ada modal verb (seperti: can, should, may), past participle di dahului oleh auxiliary verb “be”.

Berikut rumus passive voice dalam simple present tense dan modal verb:

Active Voice Passive Voice
S + verb-1 + direct object S (direct object) + is/am/are + past participle +/- by … (agent)
S + modal + bare infinitive + direct object S (direct object) + modal + be + past participle +/- by … (agent)

Agent pada passive voice merupakan subject pada active voice. Pada passive voice, subject bertindak sebagai penerima aksi, sedangkan agent sebagai pelaku aksi.

Rumus di atas berlaku untuk transitive verb, dimana memang kata kerja tersebut yang umum dipasifkan. Kalimat dengan intransitive verb mungkin dapat dipasifkan jika memiliki prepositional phrase.

Lihat:

Subject pada passive voice merupakan object of preposition pada active voice.

Active Voice Passive Voice
S + verb-1int + preposition + object of preposition S (object of preposition) + is/am/are + past participle + preposition +/- by … (agent)

 

Rumus active voice - simple present tense: verb-1; rumus passive voice - simple present tense: is/am/are + verb-3. Is untuk singular subject kecuali you dan I; are untuk plural subject dan you; sementara am untuk I.
rumus passive voice – simple present tense

Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice – Simple Present Tense / Modal Verb

Active Voice Passive Voice
Pregnant women should eat dark chocolate regularly.
(Wanita hamil seharusnya makan coklat hitam secara teratur.)
Dark chocolate should be eaten regularly by pregnant women.
(Coklat hitam seharusnya dimakan secara teratur oleh wanita hamil.)
People make books from trees.
(Orang membuat buku dari pohon.)
Books are made from trees.
(Buku dibuat dari pohon.)
My parents treat me like a baby.
(Orang tua memperlakukan saya seperti bayi.)
I am treated like a baby by my parents .
(Saya diperlakukan seperti bayi oleh orang tua.)
You can use the photos for free.
(Kamu bisa menggunakan goto-foto tersebut secara gratis.)
The photos can be used for free.
(Foto-foto tersebut dapat digunakan secara gratis.)
He often sleeps on the right side of the bed.
(Dia selalu tidur di sisi kanan tempat tidur.)
The right side of the bed is often slept on by him.
(Sisi kanan tempat tidur sering ditiduri olehnya.)

Pages:

page 1 page 2 page 3 page 4 page 5

Table of Contents:

  1. Simple Present Tense
  2. Passive Voice – Simple Present Tense
  3. Negative – Simple Present Tense
  4. Yes-No Question Simple Present
  5. Wh- Question Simple Present Tense

Exercises:

References:

  1. Simple Present Tense. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/tenses/simple_present.htm. Accessed on February 19, 2012.
  2. The Passive Voice. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/passive.htm. Accessed on January 26, 2014.
  3. Active/Passive Voice. http://www.towson.edu/ows/activepass.htm. Accessed on January 26, 2014.
  4. Levin, Beth. (1993). English Verb Classes and Alternations: A Preliminary Investigation. London:The University of Chicago Press, Ltd.
  5. Intransitive Verb. http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Intransitive_verb.html. Accessed on October 18, 2013.

Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

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42 thoughts on “Passive Voice – Simple Present Tense”

  1. Kak rumus yang di gunakan untuk contoh soal di atas apa ya kak.
    Active Voice Passive Voice
    Pregnant women should eat dark chocolate regularly.
    (Wanita hamil seharusnya makan coklat hitam secara teratur.) Dark chocolate should be eaten regularly by pregnant women.
    (Coklat hitam seharusnya dimakan secara teratur oleh wanita hamil.)
    People make books from trees.
    (Orang membuat buku dari pohon.) Books are made from trees.
    (Buku dibuat dari pohon.)
    My parents treat me like a baby.
    (Orang tua memperlakukan saya seperti bayi.) I am treated like a baby by my parents .
    (Saya diperlakukan seperti bayi oleh orang tua.)
    You can use the photos for free.
    (Kamu bisa menggunakan goto-foto tersebut secara gratis.) The photos can be used for free.
    (Foto-foto tersebut dapat digunakan secara gratis.)
    He often sleeps on the right side of the bed.
    (Dia selalu tidur di sisi kanan tempat tidur.) The right side of the bed is often slept on by him.
    (Sisi kanan tempat tidur sering ditiduri olehnya.)

    • Halo Nike,

      Yang pertama:
      S + modal + bare infinitive + direct object + adverb
      S + modal + be + past participle + by agent

      Yang kedua:
      S + verb-1 + direct object + prepositional phrase
      S + auxiliary verb + prepositional phrase

      Yang ketiga:
      S + verb-1 + direct object + prepositional phrase
      S + auxiliary verb + prepositional phrase + by agent

      Yang keempat:
      S + modal + bare infinitive + direct object + prepositional phrase
      S + modal + be + past participle + prepositional phrase

      Yang kelima:
      S + adverb + verb-1 + prepositional phrase
      S + auxiliary verb + past participle (+ preposition on) + by agent

      Semoga membantu :)

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