Passive Past Continuous Tense: Rumus, Kalimat, dan Contoh Soal

Rumus Passive Voice – Past Continuous Tense

Berbeda dengan active voice – past continuous tense yang main verb-nya berupa present participle (pada contoh tulisan sebelumnya: Past Continuous Tense), main verb pada passive voice – past continuous tense berupa past participle.


Past participle ditemani oleh auxiliary verb “be” berupa was/were dan “being”. Be disesuaikan dengan subject pada passive voice (= object pada active voice) memenuhi aturan subject-verb agreement.

Contoh kalimat passive voice - past continuous tense dan artinya: While the meal was being prepared, I was offered free snacks. (Ketika makanan sedang disiapkan, saya ditawarkan makanan ringan gratis.)

contoh kalimat passive voice – past continuous tense

Lihat juga:

Berikut rumus passive voice dalam past continuous tense:

Active Voice

S + was/were + present participle + direct object

Passive Voice

S (direct object) + was/were + being + past participle +/- by … (agent)

Adapun agent pada passive voice merupakan subject pada active voice. Rumus di atas berlaku untuk transitive verb, dimana memang kata kerja tersebut yang umum dipasifkan.

rumus passive voice - past continuous tense: passive voice (auxiliary verb) past continuous tense active voice: was/were + verb-ing passive voice: was/were + being + verb-3

rumus passive voice – past continuous tense

Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice – Past Continuous Tense

  1. My friend was baking bread when I came.
    (Teman saya sedang memanggang roti ketika saya datang.)

    Bread was being baked when I came.
    (Roti sedang dipanggang ketika saya datang.)

  2. Some workers were maintaining the toll road at this time yesterday.
    (Beberapa pekerja sedang melakukan pemeliharaan jalan tol kemarin.)

    The toll road was being maintained at this time yesterday.
    (Jalan tol sedang dipelihara kemarin.)

  3. She was cleaning the kitchen floor while the children were playing in the living room.
    (Dia membersihkan lantai dapur ketika anak-anak bermain di ruang tamu.)

    The kitchen floor was being cleaned while the children were playing in the living room.
    (Lantai dapur dibersihkan ketika anak-anak bermain di ruang tamu.)

  4. They were discussing exchange rates at 7 o’clock this morning.
    (Mereka sedang mendiskusikan kurs pukul 7 pagi ini.)

    Exchange rates were being discussed at 7 o’clock this morning.
    (Kurs sedang didiskusikan pada pukul 7 pagi ini.)

  5. The human resource manager said that he was still processing my documents.
    (Manager SDM mengatakan bawhwa dia masih memeroses dokumen saya.)

    The human resource manager said that my documents were still being processed.
    (Manager SDM mengatakan bahwa dokumen saya masih diproses.)

10 Contoh Soal Passive Voice – Past Continuous Tense Pilihan Ganda

Direct object pada active voice menjadi subject pada passive voice dimana pada past continuous tense kata kerja be (was/were) + v-ing (present participle) diubah menjadi be (was/were) + being + verb-3 (past participle).

Active Voice:

S + was/were + present participle + direct object

Passive Voice:

S (direct objectactive voice) + was/were + being + past participle +/- by … (subjectactive voice)

Ketik a atau b untuk melengkapi bagian yang kosong pada soal passive voice – past continuous tense di bawah ini dengan mengikuti petunjuk di dalam kurung.

  1. We were sitting quietly while the movie ... (play).

    1. was being played
    2. were being played

    Your answer:

  2. When Anna came to her grandfather's house, the roses ... (water).

    1. was being watered
    2. were being watered

    Your answer:

  3. My car ... (service) at this time yesterday.

    1. was being serviced
    2. were being serviced

    Your answer:

  4. ... paths through the jungle being cleared all day yesterday?

    1. was
    2. were

    Your answer:

  5. The guest walked up to me while the dishwasher ... (load).

    1. was being loaded
    2. were being loaded

    Your answer:

  6. I couldn't use my computer last week because it ... (repair).

    1. was being repaired
    2. were being repaired

    Your answer:

  1. It ... (no longer produced) in 1977.

    1. was no longer being produced
    2. were no longer being produced

    Your answer:

  2. Breakfast ... (serve) when we arrived.

    1. was being served
    2. were being served

    Your answer:

  3. I was told that the hardware ... (not make) any more.

    1. wasn't being made
    2. weren't being made

    Your answer:

  4. I discovered two weddings ... (hold) at this hotel at 8 pm last night.

    1. was being held
    2. were being held

    Your answer:

Correct

correct

Incorrect

incorrect


Javascript diperlukan untuk menjalankan quiz ini.

Lihat juga:

References:

  1. Passive Verb Tenses. https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/601/02/. Accessed on November 16, 2014.
  2. Continuous Forms of the Passive. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/grammar/learnit/learnitv119.shtml. Accessed on November 16, 2014.
  3. The Past Continuous Tense. http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/pastcont.htm. Accessed on November 15, 2014.
  4. Grammar Challenge – continuous passives . http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/grammarchallenge/pdfs/13_continuouspassives_practice.pdf. Accessed on March 7, 2016.
  5. Exercise on Passive Voice – Past Progressive. https://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/passive/exercises?past-progressive. Accessed on March 7, 2016.
  6. The Simple Past and the Past Progressive with When and While.http://www.elc.byu.edu/classes/aoyama/grammar4/aoyg4f05/charts/past2.pdf. Accessed on March 7, 2016.
  7. Clear. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/clear. Accessed on March 7, 2016.
  8. Past Progressive. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/tenses/past_progressive.htm.  Accessed on February 16, 2013.

8 thoughts on “Passive Past Continuous Tense: Rumus, Kalimat, dan Contoh Soal

  1. Wilma Yulia  

    Halo Nurlaila… maaf ya baru balas 🙁

    While dan when itu subordinate conjunction of time ya, jadi ada banyak lagi yang untuk menunjukkan keterangan waktu. Mungkin dapat dipelajari juga gimana penggunaan sisanya itu, seperti: after (setelah), as (ketika, sementara), as soon as (segera setelah), before (sebelum), once (segera setelah), since (sejak), until/till (sampai), dan whenever (kapan saja, sewaktu-waktu). Coba lihat: https://www.wordsmile.com/pengertian-macam-contoh-kalimat-subordinate-conjunctions.

    Saya menyarakan kamu mempelajari sequence of tenses (rangkaian tenses) https://www.wordsmile.com/aturan-contoh-kalimat-sequence-of-tenses sebagai gambaran bagaimana penggunaan verb tense yang berbeda-beda dalam satu kalimat karena aksi-aksinya memiliki perbedaan waktu atau urutan. Semoga membantu 🙂

  2. azizah  

    kak mau nanya… guna nya passive voice past tense itu untuk mengungkapkan apa? trsselain yg diatas tsb ada ga ktentuan2 lainnya?

  3. Wilma Yulia  

    Pada dasarnya passive voice untuk memberi penekanan pada objek, memberi variasi pada tulisan, dan/atau digunakan ketika pelaku aksi tidak diketahui, sudah jelas / dapat ditebak, atau merujuk kepada orang secara umum Azizah. Contoh dan penjelasannya bisa dilihat di https://www.wordsmile.com/pengertian-rumus-contoh-kalimat-passive-voice. Nah past tense ketika hal kejadiannya terjadi di masa lampau. Sepertinya itu Azizah secara garis besar. Mungkin bisa kamu sebutkan ketentuan-ketentuan dalam hal apa 😀

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