Pengertian dan Contoh Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement Bahasa Inggris

Pengertian Antecedent dan Pronoun

Pronoun adalah kata yang digunakan untuk menggantikan noun, noun phrase, noun clause, pronoun lain, maupun konstruksi lain yang berakting sebagai noun.

Di dalam suatu kalimat, kata ini dapat mengarah pada noun yang sudah disebutkan sebelumnya. Adapun antecedent adalah kata, phrase, atau clause yang dirujuk atau digantikan oleh pronoun. Biasanya posisi antecedent berada sebelum pronoun

Contoh [AntecedentPronoun]:

  • Tanpa pronoun: Anna is reading Anna’s pledoi to the judges in the main courtroom. kita tidak menulis seperti ini
  • Dengan pronoun: Anna is reading her pledoi to the judges in the main courtroom.

Pengertian Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement adalah persesuaian pronoun dengan antecedent dalam hal:

  • number [singular (tunggal) atau plural (jamak)]
  • person [1st person, 2nd person, 3rd person]
  • gender [female (wanita), male (pria), neutral (netral)]

Singular antecedent menggunakan singular pronoun, sedangkan plural antecedent menggunakan plural pronoun. Begitu pula 1st person-nya menggunakan 1st person pronoun, dan female antecedent pun menggunakan female pronoun.

Tabel Pronoun

Number Person Personal Pronoun Number Possessive Adjective
Subjective Objective Possessive
Singular 1st I me mine singular
atau
plural
my
2nd you you yours your
3rd she*, he**, it her*, him**, it hers*, his**, its her*, his**, its
Plural 1st we us ours our
2nd you you yours your
3rd they them theirs their

Keterangan:

*female, **male, sisanya netral

Contoh [AntecedentPronoun]:

Contoh Kalimat Keterangan
You should submit the report to your teacher immediately.
(Kamu harus menyerahkan laporan tersebut kepada gurumu secepatnya.)
You= 2nd person singular antecedent sesuai dengan your= 2nd person singular pronoun.
They took off their shoes there.
(Mereka mencopot sepatu mereka disana.)
They= 3rd person plural antecedent sesuai dengan their= 3rd person plural pronoun.
To get rich, the man gave his money away to charity.
(Untuk menjadi kaya, pria tersebut mendonasikan uangnya untuk amal.)
Man= 3rd person singular (male) antecedent sesuai dengan his= 3rd person singular pronoun (male).

Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

Berikut beberapa pronoun-antecendent agreement beserta contoh kalimatnya.

Keterangan:

  • antecedent
  • pronoun (atau possessive adjective)
No Pronoun – Antecedent Agreement
1 Dua atau lebih antecedent yang dihubungkan dengan coordinate conjunction “and” selalu menggunakan plural pronoun.
Jika dengan or/nor, pronoun menyesuaikan
antecedent terdekat.

Contoh Kalimat:

  • Vina and Ipit have decided to do over their task.
    (Vina dan Ipit telah memutuskan untuk mengerjakan kembali tugas mereka.)
  • That woman or her friends often turn on their radio.
    (Wanita itu atau teman-temannya sering menyalakan radio mereka.)

Pages:

2 3

Table of Contents:

  1. Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement (Introduction)
  2. Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement Part 2
  3. Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement Part 3

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Usage – Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement. http://www.towson.edu/ows/pro_antagree.htm. Accessed on November 20, 2012.
  2. Usage – Pronoun Reference. http://www.towson.edu/ows/proref.htm. Accessed on November 20, 2012.
  3. Using Pronouns Clearly. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/595/01/. Accessed on November 20, 2012.
  4. Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement. http://leo.stcloudstate.edu/grammar/pronante.html. Accessed on November 20, 2012.
  5. Pronouns and Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/pronouns.htm. Accessed on November 20, 2012.
  6. Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement. http://depts.dyc.edu/learningcenter/owl/agreement_pa.htm. Accessed on November 20, 2012.
  7. Singular and Plural Pronoun Antecedents. http://web.cn.edu/kwheeler/gram_pronoun_antecedent.html. Accessed on November 20, 2012.
  8. Writing Tips: Pronoun/Antecedent Agreement. http://writingcenter.unlv.edu/writing/pronoun.html. Accessed on November 20, 2012.
Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

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