Permasalahan dan Solusi pada Expletive Construction

Pages: 1 2

Permasalahan dan Solusi pada Expletive Construction

Expletive mungkin diperlukan untuk memberikan penekanan pada suatu situasi. 

Contoh Expletive Construction:

1 It is desirable that they come on time.
(Sangat diharapkan bahwa mereka datang tepat waktu.)
2 It is crucial that she prepare for the next exam.
(Sangat penting bahwa dia mempersiapkan diri untuk ujian selanjutnya.)

Pada dua contoh kalimat di atas, expletive construction digunakan untuk mengekspresikan urgency/requirement dengan cara menambahkan kata-kata seperti: desirable, crucialessential, important, imperative, necessary, urgent, dan vital setelah expletive construction (pronoun + verb “be”). [Baca: Subjunctive]

Namun kebanyakan menggunakan expletive, menjadikan tulisan menjadi wordy (panjang lebar). Selain itu mungkin kalimat menjadi tidak jelas karena dengan mengaburkan subject dan action (tindakan) sebenarnya pada kalimat. Khususnya kalimat yang berupa expletive construction yang diikuti noun dan relative clause yang diawali dengan relative pronounwho, which, atau that. Expletive construction tersebut sebagainya dihindari pada academic writingConcise sentence (kalimat yang singkat) lebih disukai.

Adapun untuk merubah kalimat “wordy” tersebut menjadi concise sentence, kita perlu menghilangkan expletive construction (there/it+be), menjadikan noun setelah expletive menjadi subject of sentence, menyesuaikan verb untuk subject of sentence, dan/atau menghilangkan relative pronoun.

Contoh Wordy vs. Concise Sentence:

Wordy Sentence Concise Sentence
It was the player that hit the tennis ball over the net. The player hit the tennis ball over the net.
(Pemain tsb memukul bola tenis melewati net.)
It is obvious that many students are using a cell phone during the class. Many students were obviously using a cell phone during the class.
(Banyak siswa terang-terangan sedang menggunakan ponsel selama pelajaran.)
There is a haunted house in Connecticut. A haunted house is in Connecticut.
(Sebuah rumah hantu di Connecticut.)
There were only few people in the city park who obviously trampled the grass. Only few people in the city park obviously trampled the grass.
(Hanya sedikit orang di taman kota terang-terangan menginjak rumput.)

Pages:

1 2

Table of Contents:

  1. Expletive
  2. Permasalahan pada Expletive Construction

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Concise Sentences: Reducing Expletive Constructions. http://www.uhv.edu/ac/newsletters/writing/grammartip2005.12.06.htm. Accessed on January 29, 2013.
  2. Reduce expletive constructions. http://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/CCS_expletive.html. Accessed on January 29, 2013.
  3. Avoid Common Pitfalls. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/572/04/. Accessed on January 29, 2013.
  4. Writing Concise Sentence. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/concise.htm. Accessed on January 29, 2013.
  5. Unnecessary Uses of “To Be”. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/to_be.htm#unnecessary. Accessed on January 29, 2013.
  6. Expletives. http://people.umass.edu/bhatt/lin380l/380l-f01-l11-12.pdf. Accessed on January 24, 2013.
  7. Expletive Words and Phrases. http://www.sjsu.edu/writingcenter/docs/Expletive_Words_and_Phrases.pdf. Accessed on January 24, 2013.
  8. Expletives. http://www.freeman.tulane.edu/students/mcc/pdf/Expletives.pdf. Accessed on January 24, 2013.
Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

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