Participial Phrase vs. Absolute Phrase

Absolute dan Participial Phrase

Absolute dan participial phrase sama-sama dapat digunakan untuk menambahkan informasi pada suatu kalimat. Bentuknya pun hampir sama, sama-sama mengandung participle +/- object +/- modifier. Bedanya, participial phrase selesai sampai disitu, sementara absolute phrase masih perlu ditambahkan subject di depannya.

rumus participial phrase: participle +/- object +/- modifier; rumus absolute phrase: subject + participle +/- object +/- modifier
rumus participial dan absolute phrase

Posisi keduanya mungkin awal, tengah atau akhir kalimat dan umumnya dipisah dengan comma (,) dengan bagian kalimat. Ketika berada di awal kalimat, participial phrase menerangkan subject; sedangkan absolute phrase menerangkan keseluruhan clause.

Contoh Kalimat Absolute dan Participial Phrase

Phrase Contoh Kalimat
Absolute Phrase Her face beaming with joy, she is going on vacations for two weeks.
(Wajahnya berseri-seri dengan suka cita, dia akan pergi berlibur selama dua minggu.) menerangkan “she is going on vacations for two weeks”
The microphone attached to his collar, the speaker talked about his career in education.
(Mikropon disemat di kerah bajunya, pembicara itu berbicara tentang karirnya di bidang pendidikan.) menerangkan “the speaker talked about his career in education”
Participial Phrase Going on vacations for two weeks, she turned off the water supply to her home.
(Pergi berlibur selama dua minggu, dia mematikan penyediaan air ke rumahnya.) menerangkan “she”
Attached to his collar, the microphone had really bad quality.
(Disemat di kerah bajunya, mikropon tersebut memiliki kualitas yang sangat buruk.) menerangkan “microphone”

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References:

  1. Other Phrases: Verbal, Appositive, Absolute. http://www.butte.edu/departments/cas/tipsheets/grammar/phrases.html. Accessed on May 6, 2017.
  2. Varying Sentence Structure: Four Basic Sentence Types and Modifying Phrases. https://www.lakeforest.edu/live/files/1425-four-basic-sentence-types-and-modifying-phrasespdf. Accessed on May 6, 2017.
Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

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