Simple Past / Past Continuous Tense: Penggunaan dan Contoh Soal

Simple Past Tense atau Past Continuous Tense?

Secara umum past continuous tense (atau disebut juga past progressive tense) untuk membicarakan aksi yang sedang berlangsung (belum rampung) di sekitar waktu tertentu di masa lampau, sementara simple past tense menunjukkan bahwa aksinya di masa lampau telah rampung (completed action).


Berbeda dengan simple past tense, past continuous tense hanya menggunakan dynamic verb, tidak stative verb.

contoh kalimat simple past dan past continuous tense: The children played in the park for hours yesterday.While the children were playing, their parents were setting up a picnic. (Anak-anak bermain di taman selama berjam-jam kemarin. Saat anak-anak sedang bermain, orang tua mereka sedang menyiapkan piknik.)

contoh kalimat simple past dan past continuous tense

Lihat juga:

Contoh Simple Past Tense

They swam this morning.
(Mereka berenang pagi ini.)

Contoh Past Continuous Tense

  • They were swimming at 7 o’clock.
    (Mereka sedang berenang pada pukul tujuh.) mereka sudah mulai berenang sebelum pukul tujuh dan akan selesai setelahnya (mungkin pukul delapan)
  • They were swimming when the lightning struck the tree.
    (Mereka sedang berenang ketika petir menyambar pohon.)

Simple Past Tense + Past Continuous Tense

Simple past tense dan past continuous tense sering digunakan bersama-sama. Past continuous tense mendeskripsikan background action atau situation (aksi atau situasi yang lebih panjang), sedangkan simple past tense menjadi action atau event-nya (aksi atau kejadian yang terjadi dengan cepat). Seringkali aksi yang dideskripsikan simple past tense menginterupsi aksi yang dideskripsikan past continuous tense.

Contoh Past Continuous + Simple Past

  • He was driving back from the post office when he saw you go in the building.
    (Dia sedang mengemudi kembali dari kantor pos ketika dia melihatmu masuk ke gedung tersebut.)
  • was sleeping when Vina knocked on my door.
    (Saya sedang tidur ketika Vina mengetuk pintu.) saya sudah mulai tidur sebelum Vina mengetuk pintu

Contoh Simple Past + Simple Past

went home when the bell rang.
(Saya pulang ke rumah ketika bel berbunyi.) saya pulang setelah bel berbunyi

Contoh Past Continuous + Past Continuous

While my mother was cooking, I was setting our table.
(Ketika ibu saya sedang memasak, saya menata meja makan.) dua aksi berlangsung pada waktu yang sama di masa lampau

10 Contoh Soal Simple Past vs. Past Continuous Tense Pilihan Ganda

Pilihlah jawaban yang paling tepat untuk melengkapi bagian yang kosong sehingga membentuk kalimat dengan simple past atau past continuous tense dengan mengetik a, b, atau c.

  1. I ... (come) home while my sister ... (water) houseplants.

    1. came, watered
    2. came, was watering
    3. was coming, watered

    Your answer:

  2. Was Andra ... (drive) when you ... (call) him?

    1. driving, were calling
    2. drove, called
    3. driving, called

    Your answer:

  3. I ... (send) him an email with the file as soon as I ... (receive) the confirmation.

    1. sent, received
    2. was sending, was receiving
    3. sent, was receiving

    Your answer:

  4. At five o'clock this morning she ... (do) her homework.

    1. were doing
    2. did
    3. was doing

    Your answer:

  5. Why ... you ... (not sleep) at 1 am yesterday?

    1. were, not sleeping
    2. was, not sleeping
    3. did, not sleep

    Your answer:

  6. My brother ... (brush) his teeth and then he ... (go) to bed.

    1. was brushing, went
    2. brushed, went
    3. brushed, was going

    Your answer:

  1. Bobby ... (lie) under the tree to sleep when a big leaf ... (fall) onto his head.

    1. lay, fell
    2. was lying, falling
    3. was lying, fell

    Your answer:

  2. While I ... (walk) down the street, It ... (begin) to rain.

    1. walked, was beginning
    2. was walking, began
    3. walked, began

    Your answer:

  3. ... they still ... (clean up) the mess at 10 am today?

    1. were, cleaning up
    2. was, cleaning up
    3. did, clean up

    Your answer:

  4. The children ... (play) in the playground at this time yesterday.

    1. played
    2. was playing
    3. were playing

    Your answer:

Correct
Incorrect

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Lihat juga:


References:

  1. Past Continuous. http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/pascon.htm. Accessed on June 23, 2016.
  2. Simple Past Tense. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/tenses/simple_past.htm. Accessed on June 23, 2016.
  3. Past Continuous. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/tenses/past_progressive.htm. Accessed on June 23, 2016.
  4. Exercise 1: Past simple and past continuous. https://elt.oup.com/student/project3rdedition/level5/unit1/grammar/exercise1?cc=us&selLanguage=en. Accessed on July 8, 2016.
  5. Past Continuous and Past Simple. http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/quick-grammar/past-continuous-and-past-simple. Accessed on July 8, 2016.
  6. Past Continuous Quiz. https://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verb-tenses_past-continuous-quiz.htm. Accessed on July 8, 2016.
  7. Past simple / past continuous. http://www.ihbristol.com/free-english-exercises/test/esol-smc-past-simple-past-continuous. Accessed on July 8, 2016.

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