Must / Have to

Pengertian dan Penggunaan Must dan Have to

Must dan have to dalam kalimat positive atau interrogative digunakan untuk menyatakan kewajiban (obligation) atau kebutuhan untuk melakukan sesuatu.

Lihat juga:

Must merupakan modal auxiliary verb, oleh karena itu tidak membutuhkan dummy auxiliary “do” untuk interrogative. Kondisi tersebut berbeda dengan have/has to yang merupakan phrasal modal yang masih membutuhkan “do”.

Positive Interrogative
S + must + bare infinitive Must + S + bare infinitive … ?
S + have/has to + bare infinitive Do/does + S + have to + bare infinitive … ?

Must dapat digunakan pada present dan future, sedangkan have to digunakan pada present dan mempunyai bentuk past “had to” serta future “will have to”.

must dan have to
must dan have to

Must dan have to kadang-kadang dapat saling menggantikan, namun secara umum ada perbedaan mendasar. Must digunakan ketika seseorang yang memutuskan bahwa perlu untuk melakukan sesuatu (subjective obligation). Biasanya digunakan pada situasi dimana hal yang penting sedang terjadi dan membutuhkan tindakan cepat.

Sedangkan have to ketika seseorang membicarakan kebutuhan untuk melakukan sesuatu yang umumnya merupakan tanggungjawab sehari-hari (daily responsibility — objective obligation). Namun pada situasi informal, have to seringkali digunakan menggantikan must.

Contoh Kalimat Must dan Have to

No Contoh Kalimat Must dan Have to
1 I must work harder to achieve my goals.
(Saya harus bekerja lebih keras untuk meraih cita-cita.)
2 We must stop complaining about our life.
(Kita harus berhenti mengeluhkan hidup kita.)
3 Must you buy a phone every year?
(Haruskah kamu membeli telepon genggam setiap tahun?)
4 You must come and taste it tomorrow.
(Kamu harus datang dan mencicipinya besok.) future
5 She has to deliver excellent customer service.
(Dia harus memberikan layanan pelanggan yang istimewa.)
6 They sometimes have to work on Saturday.
(Mereka kadang-kadang harus bekerja di hari sabtu.)
7 Do you have to speak English at work?
(Apakah kamu harus berbicara bahasa Inggris di kantor?)
8 I had to see the dentist every 4-6 weeks.
(Saya dulu harus ke dokter gigi itu setiap 4-6 minggu.)

Pages:

page 1 | page 2

Table of Contents:

  1. Must / Have to
  2. Mustn’t / Not Have to

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Must – Have To. http://esl.about.com/od/intermediate-modals/a/Must-Have-To.htm. Accessed on March 18, 2015.
  2. Must / Have To / Have Got To. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/youmeus/learnit/learnitv127.shtml. Accessed on March 18, 2015.
  3. Have To, Must. https://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verbs-modals-have-to-must-not.htm. Accessed on March 18, 2015.
  4. Must For Subjective Obligation. https://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verbs-modals-have-to-must-not-2.htm. Accessed on March 18, 2015.
  5. Have To For Objective Obligation. https://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verbs-modals-have-to-must-not-1.htm. Accessed on March 18, 2015.
Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

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12 thoughts on “Must / Have to”

  1. Kalau “must be” itu artinya juga “pasti” kan?
    Misalnya, “he must be lying” itu artinya “dia pasti berbohong” benar gak?

    Kalau iya, berarti bentuk past dari “must be” itu apa? Apakah bentuknya “have/has to be” juga?

    1. must yang sedang kamu bicarakan itu di luar topik artikel ini Panji:

      used to say that something is very likely

      It must be almost dinner time.

      The bus must be coming soon.
      You haven’t eaten all day. You must be hungry.
      You’re going to wear that? You must be joking!
      You must have been very worried.

      If he really was there, I must have seen him, but I don’t remember seeing him. http://learnersdictionary.com/definition/must

      Versi past nya bisa pakai must + have + -ed untuk mengambil kesimpulan tentang hal yang terjadi di masa lampau.

      We use must have + ed form and can’t have + ed form to talk about deductions in the past. They always refer to deduction, not obligation.

      A: I called you yesterday around three o’clock but you must have been out.

      B: We must have been in the garden. That’s a pity. http://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/grammar/british-grammar/modals-and-modality/must

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