Present Perfect Continuous Tense: Pengertian, Rumus, dan Contoh Kalimat

Soal Present Perfect Continuous

Pengertian Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present perfect continuous tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja yang digunakan untuk menyatakan aksi yang telah selesai pada suatu titik di masa lalu atau aksi telah dimulai di masa lalu dan terus berlanjut sampai sekarang. Aksi pada tense ini biasanya berdurasi waktu tertentu dan ada relevansinya dengan kondisi sekarang.


contoh kalimat present perfect continuous tense dan artinya: I have just been moping the floor and noticed termites mud tubes on the wall. (Saya baru selesai mengepel lantai dan melihat tabung lumpur yang dibentuk oleh rayap di dinding.)

contoh kalimat present perfect continuous tense dan artinya

Lihat juga:

Rumus Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present perfect continuous tense dibentuk dengan auxiliary verb have atau has, been dan present participle (-ing). Have digunakan untuk I, you, dan plural subject seperti: plural pronoun (seperti: they, we), plural noun (seperti: boys, men), dan compound subject dengan kata hubung “and” (seperti: you and I, Tom and Jack); sedangkan has untuk singular subject seperti: third person singular pronoun (seperti: he, she, it) dan singular noun (seperti: Tom, man).

Secara umum present perfect continuous tense hanya terjadi pada aksi berupa dynamic verb, tidak stative verb karena umumnya hanya dynamic verb yang memiliki bentuk continuous.

Lihat juga:

rumus present perfect continuous tense: S + has/have + been + present participle *Has digunakan untuk singular subject, kecuali: I dan you; have untuk I, you, dan plural subject. Umumnya present participle berupa action verb.

rumus present perfect continuous tense

Berikut rumus present perfect continuous tense untuk kalimat positif, negatif, dan interogatif.

Rumus Present Perfect Continuous Tense Contoh Present Perfect Continuous Tense

kalimat positif (+):

S + have/has + been + -ing/present participle

She has been driving
The toddlers have been sleeping

kalimat negatif (-):

S + have/has + not + been + -ing/present participle

She has not been driving
The toddlers haven’t been sleeping

kalimat interogatif (?):

have/has + S + been + -ing/present participle

Has she been driving
Have the toddlers been sleeping

Tense ini dapat pula digunakan dengan wh- word untuk membentuk wh- question (pertanyaan yang dimulai dengan what, where, when, why, which, who, whose, atau how).

menanyakan object

What/Who + have/has + S + been + present participle

menanyakan adverb

How long /Where/Why + have/has + S + been + present participle

Contoh Kalimat Wh- Question Present Perfect Continuous Tense

  1. What have they been doing for the last hour?
    (Apa yang telah mereka lakukan selama sejam terakhir?)
  2. Who have you been talking to?
    (Dengan siapa kamu telah berbicara?)
  3. How long have you been living here?
    (Berapa lama kamu telah tinggal disini?)
  4. How long has Sandra been teaching math?
    (Berapa lama Sandra telah mengajar matematika?)
  5. How long has she been sleeping?
    (Berapa lama dia telah tidur?)
  6. Where has he been working during the past five years?
    (Dimana dia bekerja selama lima tahun ini?)
Contoh wh-question present perfect continuous tense: How long have you been working here? (Sudah berapa lamu kamu bekerja di sini?)

contoh wh-question present perfect continuous tense

Fungsi dan Contoh Kalimat Present Perfect Continuous Tense

  1. Present perfect continuous tense untuk menunjukkan aksi yang telah selesai pada suatu titik dimasa lampau diikuti relevansinya dengan kondisi saat ini (present).

    Contoh Kalimat Present Perfect Continuous Tense

    • The construction labors are thirsty since they have been removing the scaffoldings.
      (Pekerja konstruksi haus karena mereka telah memindahkan perancah.)
    • Mandy feels full as she’s been eating a half of the tart.
      (Mandy kenyang karena dia telah  memakan separuh kue tart.)
    • I have been working with my computer all day, and now I want some delicious foods.
      (Saya telah bekerja dengan komputer sepanjang hari, dan sekarang saya ingin beberapa makanan lezat.)
  2. Present perfect continuous tense untuk menunjukkan aksi yang baru saja selesai. Biasanya menggunakan adverb just.

    Contoh Kalimat Present Perfect Continuous Tense

    It has just been snowing in Japan.
    (Baru saja turun salju di Jepang.)

  3. Present perfect continuous tense untuk menunjukkan aksi yang telah dimulai di masa lampau dan berlanjut sampai sekarang.

    Contoh Kalimat Present Perfect Continuous Tense

    • I’ve been driving a car through the rain for an hour.
      (Saya telah sedang mengendarai mobil menembus hujan selama satu jam.)
    • The passangers have been waiting for the next flight since this morning.
      (Para penumpang telah menunggu penerbangan berikutnya sejak pagi ini.)

9 Contoh Soal Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present perfect continuous tense merupakan bentuk kata kerja yang berfungsi untuk membicarakan aksi yang sudah selesai pada suatu titik di masa lampau atau aksi telah dimulai di masa lampau dan dilanjutkan sampai sekarang.

Present perfect continuous tense dibentuk dengan auxiliary verb have/has, been dan present participle (-ing). Has digunakan untuk singular subject, kecuali: I dan you; have untuk I, you, dan plural subject.

rumus present perfect continuous tense positif, negatif, dan interogatif

rumus present perfect continuous tense positif, negatif, dan interogatif

Pilihlah salah satu jawaban untuk melengkapi kalimat di bawah ini dengan mengetik a atau b.

  1. They … anything for the past hour.

    1. haven't been doing
    2. hasn't been doing

    Your answer:

  2. It … hard.

    1. have just been raining
    2. has just been raining

    Your answer:

  3. He and his family… in poverty since their company went bankrupt.

    1. have been living
    2. has been living

    Your answer:

  4. How long … properly in the gym?

    1. has he been working out
    2. have he been working out

    Your answer:

  5. She … with the research team since January.

    1. has been working
    2. have been working

    Your answer:

  1. … here for over two hours?

    1. Has she been waiting
    2. Does she has been waiting

    Your answer:

  2. Why … Mandarin classes for the last three weeks?

    1. not have been attending
    2. have you not been attending

    Your answer:

  3. I’m sleepy because I … all night.

    1. have been staying up
    2. has been staying up

    Your answer:

  4. My brother … about buying a used car from the dealer. Do you think it’s a good idea?

    1. has been thinking
    2. have been thinking

    Your answer:

Correct
Incorrect

Javascript diperlukan untuk menjalankan quiz ini.

Lihat juga:

References:

  1. Present Perfect Progressive Tense. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/tenses/present_perfect_progressive.htm. Accessed on November 21, 2013.
  2. Grammar Handbook: Perfect and Progressive Verb Forms. http://www.cws.illinois.edu/workshop/writers/perfectforms/. Accessed on February 22, 2013.
  3. More Tenses. http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/moreT.htm. Accessed on February 22, 2013.
  4. Practicing The Present Perfect Progressive. http://cisl.edu/wordpress/lessons/practicing-the-present-perfect-progressive.htm. Accessed on November 23, 2014.
  5. Present Perfect Continuous. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/radio/specials/1313_gramchallenge28/. Accessed on November 23, 2014.
  6. Present perfect with for and since. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/grammar/learnit/learnitv322.shtml. Accessed on November 23, 2014.
  7. Perfect Tense. http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/easy/perf.htm. Accessed on November 23, 2014.
  8. Present Perfect Continuous Tense Quiz. http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verb-tenses_present-perfect-continuous_quiz.htm. Accessed on November 21, 2013.
  9. Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous? http://esl.about.com/library/quiz/blperfectorperfectcont1.htm. Accessed on November 21, 2013.
  10. Present Perfect Continuous. http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/presentperfectcontinuous.html. Accessed on November 21, 2013.

100 thoughts on “Present Perfect Continuous Tense: Pengertian, Rumus, dan Contoh Kalimat

  1. Peiter Solarso P  

    Kak apa maksud dari diikuti relevansinya dengan kondisi saat ini (present). Dalam salah satu fungsi present perfect continouse tense postingan ini ?

  2. Wilma Yulia  

    Relevansinya itu konsekuensi dari aktivitas pada present perfect continuous tense tersebut Peiter, seperti contoh pertama, setelah memindahkan perancah (present perfect continuous tense), pekerja jadi haus (konsekuensi) 🙂

  3. aldy  

    Bener semua kyyhee. a. Krna tdk ada verb mka pke been. Kl b. Bner jg krna ada verb 3. Yg c jg bnr kalimat tanya present perfect cont. T

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