Present Continuous Tense: Pengertian, Kalimat, dan Contoh Soal

Soal Present Continuous Tense

Pengertian Present Continuous Tense

Present continuous tense atau present progressive tense adalah bentuk kata kerja yang digunakan untuk menyatakan aksi yang sedang berlangsung sekarang (present) atau rencana di masa depan (future).

Karena dapat digunakan pada present atau future, tense ini sering diiringi adverbial of time untuk memperjelasnya.

contoh kalimat present continuous tense dan artinya: My partner is always criticizing me. (Pasangan saya selalu mengkritik saya.)

contoh kalimat present continuous tense dan artinya

Lihat juga:

Rumus

Present continuous dibentuk dengan auxiliary verb “be”, berupa is/am/are – karena present tense (waktu sekarang),  dan present participle (-ing).

Is digunakan pada subject berupa singular noun (seperti: Tita, book) dan third person singular pronoun (seperti: she, he, it); are pada plural noun (seperti: boys, men, books), plural pronoun (seperti: we, they) dan you; sementara am pada I.

Umumnya tense ini hanya terjadi pada aksi berupa dynamic atau action verb, tidak stative verb. Mengapa begitu? karena secara umum hanya dynamic verb yang memiliki bentuk continuous.

Lihat juga:

Rumus present continuous tense: S + am/is/are + present participle. Is digunakan untuk singular subject kecuali: you dan I, are untuk you dan plural subject, dan am untuk I.

rumus present progressive tense

Kalimat negatif dapat langsung dibuat dengan menambahkan “not” setelah “be” am/is/are, sementara kalimat interrogatif (yes-no question) dibentuk dengan menukar posisi subject of verb (S) dan be.

kalimat positif (+)

S + be (am/is/are) + present participle (-ing)

kalimat negatif (-)

S + be (am/is/are) + not + present participle (-ing)

kalimat interogatif (?)

be (am/is/are) + S + present participle (-ing)?

Contoh Kalimat Negative – Present Continuous Tense

  1. I am writing a letter.
    (Saya sedang menulis surat.)

    I am not writing a letter. / I‘m not writing a letter.
    (Saya tidak sedang menulis surat.)

  2. They are counting votes.
    (Mereka sedang menghitung suara.)

    They are not counting votes. / They aren’t counting votes.
    (Mereka tidak sedang menghitung suara.)

  3. He is sleeping.
    (Dia sedang tidur.)

    He is not sleeping. / He isn’t sleeping.
    (Dia tidak sedang tidur.)

  4. It is snowing here.
    (Sedang turun salju disini.)

    It is not snowing here. / It isn’t snowing here.
    (Tidak sedang turun salju disini.)

  5. She is working on the project at the moment.
    (Dia sedang mengerjakan proyek tersebut saat ini.)

    She is not working on the project at the moment. / She isn’t working on the project at the moment.
    (Dia tidak sedang mengerjakan proyek tersebut saat ini.)

  6. We are going out tonight.
    (Kami akan keluar malam ini.)

    We are not going out tonight.
    (Kami tidak akan keluar malam ini.)

  7. He is wearing his glasses today.
    (Dia memakai kacamatanya hari ini.)

    He is not wearing his glasses today.
    (Dia tidak memakai kacamatanya hari ini.)

contoh kalimat negative present continuous tense dan artinya: It's raining outside. It's not raining outside.(Di luar sedang hujan. Di luar tidak hujan.)

contoh kalimat negative present continuous tense dan artinya

Contoh Kalimat Yes-No Question Present Continuous Tense

  1. I’m still growing physically at the age of 19.
    (Saya masih tumbuh secara fisik di umur 19 tahun.)

    Am I still growing physically at the age of 19?
    (Apakah saya masih tumbuh secara fisik di umur 19 tahun?)

  2. You are reading a controversial book.
    (Kamu sedang membaca buku yang kontroversial.)

    Are you reading a controversial book?
    (Apakah kamu sedang membaca buku yang kontroversial?)

  3. She is working hard.
    (Dia sedang bekerja dengan keras.)

    Is she working hard?
    (Apakah dia sedang bekerja dengan keras?)

  4. They are laying on my bed.
    (Mereka sedang berbaring di tempat tidur saya.)

    Are they laying on my bed?
    (Apakah mereka sedang berbaring di tempat tidur saya?)

Contoh Short Answer Response Present Continuous Tense

  1. Am I arriving early? / Are we arriving early?
    • Yes, you are.
    • No, you aren’t.
  2. Is she/he/it arriving early?
    • Yes, she/he/it is.
    • No, she/he/it isn’t.
  3. Are you arriving early?
    • Yes, I am.
    • No, I’m not.
  4. Are they arriving early?
    • Yes. they are.
    • No, they aren’t.

Lihat juga:

Fungsi dan Contoh Kalimat Present Continuous Tense

  1. Present continuous untuk membicarakan suatu aksi yang sedang terjadi sekarang. Time expression (keterangan waktu) yang dapat digunakan antara lain:
    • now (sekarang)
    • at the moment (saat ini)
    • over the holidays (selama hari libur)

    Contoh Kalimat

    • She is brushing the bathroom floor.
      (Dia sedang menyikat lantai kamar mandi.)
    • I‘m driving a car to Bandung now.
      (Saya sedang mengendarai mobil ke Bandung sekarang.)
    • He‘s learning English in order to be a great guide.
      (Dia sedang mempelajari bahasa Inggris agar menjadi pemandu wisata yang hebat.)
    • I‘m living with my sister at the moment.
      (Saya tinggal dengan saudara perempuan saya saat ini.)
  2. Tense ini untuk membicarakan suatu rencana atau perpindahan ke suatu tempat/kondisi. Keterangan waktu yang dapat digunakan antara lain:
    • on Sunday (pada hari Minggu)
    • at nine o’clock on Sunday (pada pukul sembilan hari Minggu)
    • next week/month (minggu/bulan depan)
    • this month (bulan ini)

    Contoh Kalimat

    • I’m spending my holiday on Kuta beach next month.
      (Saya sedang menghabiskan liburan di pantai Kuta akhir bulan depan.)
    • You can’t call me this night. I’m going to my best friend’s wedding.
      (Kamu tidak dapat menghubungi saya malam ini. Saya akan pergi ke pernikahan sahabat saya.)
    • The buses are arriving in an hour.
      (Bus-bus tersebut tiba dalam satu jam.)
    • I‘m moving to West Jakarta this month.
      (Saya pindah ke Jakarta Barat bulan ini.)
  3. Present progressive tense untuk mengungkapkan kejengkelan atas aksi yang terjadi berulang kali.

    Contoh Kalimat

    • Why is the wild dog always barking at me?
      (Mengapa anjing liar itu selalu menggonggong pada saya?)
    • I‘m getting sick of you always asking the same questions.
      (Saya mulai muak dengan kamu yang selalu menanyakan pertanyaan-pertanyaan yang sama.)
    • My boss is always yelling at me and complaining about everything.
      (Bos selalu meneriaki saya dan mengeluh tentang segala hal.)

10 Contoh Soal Present Continuous Tense Pilihan Ganda

Present continuous tense dibentuk dengan auxiliary verb “be” is/am/are dan present participle (-ing). Is digunakan pada singular subject kecuali I dan youare pada you dan plural subject; sementara am pada I.

rumus present continuous tense positif, negatif, dan interogatif

rumus present continuous tense positif, negatif, dan interogatif

Pilihlah salah satu jawaban untuk melengkapi kalimat di bawah ini dengan mengetik a atau b.

  1. Who … next to your boss?

    1. is sitting
    2. sitting is

    Your answer:

  2. The ship that transports goods … at this port at 5:30 p.m.

    1. are arriving
    2. is arriving

    Your answer:

  3. Surprisingly, he … very patient and helpful to everyone.

    1. be
    2. is being

    Your answer:

  4. My friend … for Human Resources jobs in Jakarta.

    1. am looking
    2. is looking

    Your answer:

  5. Vina and I … how to cook French food.

    1. am learning
    2. are learning

    Your answer:

  1. Is she … flower-arranging at the flower show now?

    1. learning
    2. learn

    Your answer:

  2. The sun … brightly today.

    1. shine
    2. is shining

    Your answer:

  3. The children … in small groups.

    1. is playing
    2. are playing

    Your answer:

  4. I … at the hotel until the end of this month.

    1. am staying
    2. stay

    Your answer:

  5. We are not … a trip to Thailand during rainy season.

    1. plan
    2. planning

    Your answer:

Correct
Incorrect

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12 Contoh Soal Yes-No Question Present Continuous Tense

Yes-no question (pertanyaan yang meminta tanggapan “yes” atau “no”) dengan present continuous tense dapat langsung dibuat dengan menukar posisi subject of verb dan am/is/are kalimat positif.

Pilihlah yes-no question present continuous tense yang dapat dibuat dari kata-kata di bawah ini dengan mengetik a, b, atau c.

  1. you / try to start / your own business

    1. Am you trying to start your own business?
    2. Is you trying to start your own business?
    3. Are you trying to start your own business?

    Your answer:

  2. the screen / display / an error message

    1. Am the screen displaying an error message?
    2. Is the screen displaying an error message?
    3. Are the screen displaying an error message?

    Your answer:

  3. he  / drive / a front loading shovel

    1. Am he driving a front loading shovel?
    2. Is he driving a front loading shovel?
    3. Are he driving a front loading shovel?

    Your answer:

  4. the workers / look for / a new job

    1. Am the workers looking for a new job?
    2. Is the workers looking for a new job?
    3. Are the workers looking for a new job?

    Your answer:

  5. she / sleep / now

    1. Am she sleeping now?
    2. Is she sleeping now?
    3. Are she sleeping now?

    Your answer:

  6. I / interrupt / your meeting

    1. Am I interrupting your meeting?
    2. Is I interrupting your meeting?
    3. Are I interrupting your meeting?

    Your answer:

  1. it / snow / in London

    1. Am it snowing in London?
    2. Is it snowing in London?
    3. Are it snowing in London?

    Your answer:

  2. they / eat / something sweet

    1. Am they eating something sweet?
    2. Is they eating something sweet?
    3. Are they eating something sweet?

    Your answer:

  3. Sheila and you / arrange / flowers

    1. Am Sheila and you arranging flowers?
    2. Is Sheila and you arranging flowers?
    3. Are Sheila and you arranging flowers?

    Your answer:

  4. your mother / make / food

    1. Am your mother making food?
    2. Is your mother making food?
    3. Are your mother making food?

    Your answer:

  5. Julian / do / household chores

    1. Am Julian doing household chores?
    2. Is Julian doing household chores?
    3. Are Julian doing household chores?

    Your answer:

  6. we/ go / to the mountain

    1. Am we going to the mountain?
    2. Is we going to the mountain?
    3. Are we going to the mountain?

    Your answer:

Correct
Incorrect

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8 Contoh Soal Negative – Present Continuous Tense Pilihan Ganda

Pilihlah negatif  present continuous tense yang tepat untuk melengkapi bagian kalimat yang kosong dengan mengikuti petunjuk di dalam kurung dengan mengetik a, b, c, atau d.

  1. He ... (not sit) outside his tent.

    1. aren't siting
    2. isn't siting
    3. aren't sitting
    4. isn't sitting

    Your answer:

  2. Salesmen ... (not sell) our new products door to door.

    1. aren't seling
    2. isn't selling
    3. aren't selling
    4. isn't seling

    Your answer:

  3. Sisca ... (not get) married soon.

    1. isn't geting
    2. aren't geting
    3. isn't getting
    4. aren't getting

    Your answer:

  4. They ... (not laugh) at me.

    1. aren't laughing
    2. aren't laughhing
    3. isn't laughing
    4. isn't laughhing

    Your answer:

  5. It ... (not happen) in the world right now.

    1. aren't happening
    2. isn't happening
    3. aren't happenning
    4. isn't happenning

    Your answer:

  1. The sun ... (not rise) behind the mountain.

    1. aren't riseing
    2. isn't riseing
    3. aren't rising
    4. isn't rising

    Your answer:

  2. We ... (not leave) this city tomorrow.

    1. aren't leaveing
    2. isn't leaveing
    3. aren't leaving
    4. isn't leaving

    Your answer:

  3. She ... (not teach) mathematics to gifted students.

    1. aren't teachhing
    2. isn't teaching
    3. isn't teachhing
    4. aren't teaching

    Your answer:

Correct
Incorrect

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Lihat juga:

References:

  1. The present continuous tense. http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/contform.htm. Accessed on February 14, 2013.
  2. The present continuous tense. http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/prescont.htm. Accessed on February 14, 2013.
  3. Verbs with Helpers. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/601/05/. Accessed on February 14, 2013.
  4. Present Continuous. http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/pcont.htm. Accessed on February 14, 2013.
  5. The present continuous tense – Easy Learning Grammar. https://grammar.collinsdictionary.com/easy-learning/the-present-continuous-tense. Accessed on October 9, 2018.
  6. Future reference – Easy Learning Grammar. https://grammar.collinsdictionary.com/easy-learning/future-reference. Accessed on October 9, 2018.
  7. Present Continuous: Negatives and Questions. http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/courses/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/pcontnq.htm. Accessed on May 24, 2016.
  8. Michael, Swan and Walter, Chaterine. 1990. The New Cambridge English Course. Cambridge University Press.
  9. Present Continuous Tense Quiz. http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verb-tenses_present-continuous_quiz.htm. Accessed on September 2, 2013.
  10. Present Continuous 1. http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/pcont1.htm. Accessed on September 2, 2013.
  11. BASIC: Verbs – Present Progressive III – yes/no questions. http://www.spring.edu/webroom/practice_basic_pp_3.html. Accessed on March 13, 2016.
  12. Exercise 4: Present continuous: questions and short answers. https://elt.oup.com/student/project3rdedition/level1/unit6/grammar/exercise4?cc=us&selLanguage=en. Accessed on March 13, 2016.
  13. Present Progressive – Form. https://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/present-progressive/form/exercises?form04. Accessed on March 13, 2016.
  14. Present Continuous: Negatives. http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/pcontnq1.htm. Accessed on May 27, 2016.
  15. Laugh at. http://www.macmillandictionary.com/dictionary/british/laugh-at. Accessed on May 27, 2016.
  16. Teach. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/teach. Accessed on May 27, 2016.

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