Conditional Sentence Type 3: Penjelasan dan Contoh Soal

Pengertian Conditional Sentence Type 3

Conditional sentence type 3 atau third conditional adalah conditional sentence yang digunakan ketika result/consequence (hasil) dari condition (syarat) tidak ada kemungkinan terwujud karena condition-nya harus sudah dipenuhi di masa lalu.


Condition berada di dalam subordinate clause dengan subordinate conjunction “if”, sedangkan result/consequence berada di dalam main clause.

Lihat juga:

Rumus Conditional Sentence Type 3

Bagian conditional clause (if + condition) menggunakan past perfect tense, sedangkan bagian main clause (result) menggunakan perfect modal (modal + have + past participle).

complex sentence
subordinate clause (if + condition) main clause (result/consequence)
if + past perfect would/should/could/might + have + past participle

If-clause dapat menempati awal atau tengah kalimat. Ketika if-clause menempati awal kalimat, koma ditempatkan sebelum main clause.

rumus dan penjelasan conditional sentence type 3: if + past perfect, would/should/could/might + have + past participle *Syarat yang dinyatakan dalam past perfect pada conditional sentence tipe 3 tidak memiliki kemungkinan untuk dapat dipenuhi.

rumus dan penjelasan conditional sentence type 3

Contoh Kalimat Conditional Sentence Type 3

  1. (+) If you had remembered to invite me, I would have attended your party.
    (Jika kamu ingat mengundang saya, saya akan hadir di pestamu.)

    Fakta:

    but you didn’t remember
    (tapi kamu tidak ingat)

  2. (+) If I had given the interviewer really good answers, I might have got a higher position than you.
    (Jika saya memberi jawaban yang benar-benar bagus ke pewawancara, saya mungkin memdapatkan posisi yang lebih tinggi dari kamu.)

    Fakta:

    but I didn’t give really good answers
    (tapi saya tidak memberikan jawaban yang benar-benar bagus)

  3. (-) If the waitress had been careful, she wouldn’t have broken many plates.
    (Jika pelayan tersebut hati-hati, dia tidak akan memecahkan banyak piring.)

    Fakta:

    but the waitress wasn’t careful
    (tapi pelayan tersebut tidak hati-hati)

  4. (?) If he had asked you for forgiveness, would you have forgiven him?
    (Jika dia meminta maaf kepadamu, akankah kamu memaafkannya?)

    Fakta:

    but he didn’t ask you for forgiveness
    (tapi dia tidak meminta maaf)

Inverted Word Order pada Conditional Sentence Type 3

Inverted word order berarti verb muncul sebelum subject. Kondisi ini dapat terjadi dengan menghilangkan kata “if” dan menukar posisi subject dan verb. Contohnya sebagai berikut.

  • If you (S) had (V) saved your gold in a safety deposit box, it wouldn’t have gone.
    (Jika kamu telah menyimpan emasmu di safety deposit box, emasmu tidak akan hilang.) normal
  • Had (V) you (S) saved your gold in a safety deposit box, it wouldn’t have gone. inverted

10 Contoh Soal Conditional Sentence type 3

Rumus conditional sentence type 3: if + past perfect, would/should/could/might + have + past participle.

rumus conditional sentence type 3

Pilihlah jawaban yang menurutmu paling tepat untuk melengkapi bagian yang kosong dengan mengetik a atau b.

  1. If you … an umbrella, you wouldn’t have got wet.

    1. had took
    2. had taken

    Your answer:

  2. If you … about personal financial planning, you could’ve spent your money wisely.

    1. had known
    2. had knew

    Your answer:

  3. She … your calls if you had reply her text message fast.

    1. wouldn't have been ignored
    2. wouldn't have ignored

    Your answer:

  4. Had you treated your maid better, she …

    1. wouldn't have ran away
    2. wouldn't have run away

    Your answer:

  5. If he had come to ask forgiveness, … his apologies?

    1. would you have accept
    2. would you have accepted

    Your answer:

  1. If our friend hadn’t forgotten to renew his visa, he …

    1. wouldn't have been deported
    2. wouldn't have deported

    Your answer:

  2. If the student … the instructions carefully, he wouldn’t have broken an dessicator.

    1. have listened and followed
    2. had listened and followed

    Your answer:

  3. If the driver …, he wouldn’t have crashed concrete road separators.

    1. hadn't got enough sleep
    2. had got enough sleep

    Your answer:

  4. If you … that you couldn’t handle the pressure anymore, your parents might have helped you.

    1. had told
    2. have told

    Your answer:

  5. If you … earlier, you could have saw the beautiful sunrise.

    1. had woken up
    2. had woke up

    Your answer:

Correct
Incorrect

Javascript diperlukan untuk menjalankan quiz ini.

Lihat juga:

References:

  1. Conditional Sentences. http://faculty.deanza.edu/flemingjohn/stories/storyReader$18. Accessed on April 10, 2013.
  2. First, Second, & Third Conditional. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/conditional2.htm. Accessed on April 10, 2013.
  3. Conditionals. http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/cond.htm. Accessed on April 10, 2013.
  4. Conditional Sentences with Will / Might. http://elt.oup.com/student/naturalenglish/pre/a_grammar/unit11/nepre_grammar11_1?cc=us&selLanguage=en. Accessed on April 10, 2013.
  5. Conditional Sentences. http://www.sdc.uwo.ca/writing/handouts/Conditional%20Sentence.pdf. Accessed on April 10, 2013.
  6. Third Conditional. http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/3cond.htm. Accessed on November 22, 2013.
  7. Conditionals Quiz. http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verbs-conditional_quiz.htm. Accessed on November 22, 2013.
  8. English Test on Conditional Sentences Type 1, 2 and 3. http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/tests/conditional-sentences-3. Accessed on November 22, 2013.

30 thoughts on “Conditional Sentence Type 3: Penjelasan dan Contoh Soal

  1. Wilma Yulia  

    Hi Marthin 🙂

    Itu passive construction.

    active: would have ignored (ignored = mengabaikan)
    passive: would have been ignored (ignored = diabaikan)

    Semoga membantu 🙂

  2. anonymous  

    If you had woken up earlier, you could have *saw* the beautiful sunrise. Harusnya bentuk V3 see adalah seen

  3. Habibah  

    Kak, jadi nomer 4 itu inverter word pake bare infinitive dari (run) ya bukan ran

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