Determiner: Pengertian dan Contoh Kalimat Bahasa Inggris

Pengertian Determiner

Determiner adalah kata atau kelompok kata yang ditempatkan di depan noun untuk membatasi makna noun tersebut. Di traditional grammar, determiner sering disebut limiting adjective, walaupun berbeda maknanya dengan adjective biasa. Jika sama-sama berada di dalam noun phrase, limiting adjective akan berada di depan adjective biasa.

Determiner terdiri dari:

General dan Specific Determiner

Berada di depan suatu noun, determiner menentukkan apakah noun phrase yang dibentuknya bersifat general atau specific. General noun phrase dapat dibentuk dari general determiner, sedangkan specific noun phrase dari specific determiner.

General Determiner

  • indefinite article (a atau an): membicarakan suatu hal secara umum dimana pendengar/pembaca tidak tau pasti yang mana yang dimaksudkan

    He is looking for a job in Bali.
    (Dia sedang mencari pekerjaan di Bali.)

  • quantifier (many, few, little, some, any): menyatakan jumlah

    Please give me a little water.
    (Tolong beri saya sedikit air.)

  • distributive (all, every, both)

    All your books are on the table.
    (Semua bukumu di atas meja.)

  • difference word (other, another): membicarakan tambahan orang, benda,
    atau hal

    May I have another shoes?
    (Bolehkah saya mendapatkan sepatu yang lain?)

Specific Determiner

  • definite article (the): membicarakan noun yang diyakini pembaca/pendengar paham yang dimaksudkan

    Did he enjoy the show?
    (Apa dia menikmati pertunjukkan tersebut?)

  • demonstrative adjective (this, that, these, those): menerangkan noun dalam hal jarak dan/atau jumlah

    Those apples are so red.
    (Apel-apel itu sangat merah.)

  • possessive adjective (my, your, his, her, its, our, dan their): menunjukkan kepemilikan

    Your jacket is in the laundry basket.
    (Jaketmu di dalam keranjang cucian.)

Penggunaan General Determiner

General determiner mungkin dipadukan dengan singular/plural countable noun atau uncountable noun dengan rumus sebagai berikut.

general determiner + singular countable noun

  • a, an (indefinite articles)

    a book, an apple

  • another (difference word)

    another man

  • any, no (quantifier)

    any report, no journey

  • each, every, neither (distributive)

    each pair, every student, neither spoon (nor fork)

general determiner + plural countable noun

  • all, both (distributive)

    all books, several minutes

  • some, any, no, many, few, several (quantifier)

    some people, any new books, no jobs, many clothes, few activities

  • other (difference word)

    other tasks

  • enough, more, most

    enough dollars, more tips, most batteries

determiner + uncountable noun

  • all (distributive)

    all furniture

  • some, any, no, little, less, much (quantifier)

    some paper, any time, no money, little information, less sugar, much coffee

  • more, most, enough

    more advice, most cheese, enough money

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Table of Contents:

  1. Determiner
  2. The Ordering of Determiners: Pre, Central, and Post Determiners

Exercises:

References:

  1. Determiners, http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/words/determiners. Accessed on May 29, 2014.
  2. Determiners and Quantifiers. http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/determiners-and-quantifiers. Accessed on June 3, 2014.
  3. Determiner. http://grammar.about.com/od/d/g/determterm.htm. Accessed on May 29, 2014.
  4. Determiners. http://www.ucl.ac.uk/internet-grammar/determin/determin.htm. Accessed on June 2, 2014.
  5. Determiners. http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/adjectives-determiners.htm. Accessed on May 29, 2014.

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