Conjunctive Adverb: Pengertian dan Contoh Kalimat

Soal Conjunction

Pengertian Conjunctive Adverb

Conjunctive adverb adalah adverb (kata keterangan) atau adverbial phrase yang dapat menghubungkan dengan logis dua independent clause yang berurutan.


Kata atau frasa bahasa Inggris ini disebut juga adverbial conjunction, conjunct, transitional conjunction, connecting adverb, atau cohesive conjunction.

Lihat juga:

Macam Conjunctive Adverb dan Posisinya di dalam Kalimat

Conjunctive adverb ditambahkan untuk menghubungkan dua independent clause secara logis.

Hubungan yang dibangun antara lain:

  • addition (penambahan)
  • contrast (pertentangan)
  • result / cause-effect (hasil / sebab-akibat)
  • time / time sequence (waktu / tahapan waktu)

Berikut beberapa contoh conjunctive adverb.

  1. Addition (Penambahan)
    • also
    • besides
    • furthermore
    • moreover
  2. Contrast (Pertentangan)
    • however
    • in spite of
    • nonetheless
    • nevertheless
    • instead
    • nevertheless
    • on the other hand
    • still

    Result / Cause and Effect (Hasil)

    • accordingly
    • as a result
    • consequently
    • hence
    • so
    • therefore
    • thus

    Time (Waktu)

    • afterward
    • at last
    • at the same time
    • meanwhile
    • finally
    • in the meantime
    • then
    • next

Dua independent clause yang berurutan dipisahkan dengan tanda baca period (titik), semicolon (titik koma), atau coordinate conjunction seperti and dan but.

Posisi conjunctive adverb dapat berada di awal, tengah, atau akhir independent clause kedua. Ketika berada di awal clause, adverb ini biasanya diikuti comma (koma), sedangkan ketika berada di tengah kalimat adverb ini ditempatkan di antara subject dan main verb, serta diapit comma. Berikut beberapa formulasi yang mungkin.

  1. Awal

    Formulasi

    • Independent clause1. Conjunctive adverb +/- , + independent clause2.
    • Independent clause1conjunctive adverb +/- , + independent clause2.
    • Independent clause1 +/- , + coordinate conjunction + conjunctive adverb + independent clause2.

    Contoh Kalimat

    • I’m not really hungry. However, I want some ice cream. / I’m not really hungry; however, I want some ice cream.(Saya tidak benar-benar lapar. Meskipun demikian, saya ingin es krim.)
    • It was a difficult and boring task, but nevertheless she managed to finish on time.
      (Itu merupakan tugas yang sulit dan membosankan, tapi dia berhasil menyelesaikannya tepat waktu meskipun demikian.)
  1. Tengah

    Formulasi

    Independent Clause. S +/- auxiliary verb, conjunctive adverb, main verb +/- …

    Contoh Kalimat

    I’m hungry. I don’t, however, know what to eat.
    (Saya lapar. Meskipun demikian saya tidak apa yang harus dimakan.)

  2. Akhir

    Formulasi

    • Independent clause1. Independent clause2 +/- , + conjunctive adverb.
    • Independent clause1, coordinate conjunction + Independent clause2 +/- , + conjunctive adverb.

    Contoh Kalimat

    • I’m really hungry. I don’t know what to eat, however.
    • It was a difficult and boring task. She managed to finish on time nevertheless.
Contoh kalimat conjunctive adverb (adverbial conjunction): Consuming too much sweet foods can make people put on weight. Hence, you should limit your consumption of them. (Mengonsumsi terlalu banyak makanan-makanan manis dapat membuat orang menjadi gemuk. Oleh karena itu, kamu sebaiknya membatasi konsumsinya.)

contoh kalimat conjunctive adverb (adverbial conjunction)

Lebih Banyak Contoh Kalimat Conjunctive Adverb

  1. Tia was my classmate at school; also, she was my neighbor.
    (Tia adalah teman sekelas saya di sekolah. Selain itu dia juga dulu tetangga saya.) addition
  2. He works as a journalist in London. Besides, he writes children’s books.
    (Dia bekerja sebagai seorang jurnalis di London, dia juga menulis buku-buka anak-anak.) addition
  3. Both gold and green kiwifruits are widely cultivated in New Zealand; furthermore, they’re distributed to our country.
    (Baik kiwi emas maupun hijau dibudidayakan secara luas di New Zealand. Tambahan lagi, mereka didistribusikan ke negara kita.) addition
  4. I was up all night and therefore I fell asleep at my desk.
    (Saya terjaga sepanjang malam. Karena itu saya tertidur di meja.) result
  5. He was rich and famous. Happiness, however, isn’t something he felt often.
    (Dia kaya dan terkenal. Meskipun demikian kebahagiaan bukan sesuatu yang sering dia rasakan.) contrast
  6. The client is coming in one hour. Meanwhile, let’s prepare our meeting room.
    (Klien akan datang dalam satu jam. Sementara itu mari kita persiapkan ruang pertemuan.) time
  7. Slice onion, garlic, and chili. Then, stir-fry them on a non-stick pan.
    (Iris bawang merah, bawang putih, dan cabai. Selanjutnya tumis di panci anti lengket.) time

Soal Conjunction

Lihat juga:


References:

  1. Conjunctions. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/conjunctions.htm. Accessed on October 26, 2018.
  2. Conjunctions. http://www.virtualsalt.com/conjunct.htm. Accessed on October 27, 2018.
  3. Conjunctive Adverbs. https://www.thoughtco.com/conjunctive-adverb-grammar-1689909. Accessed on October 27, 2018.
  4. Conjunctions and Conjunctive Adverbs. http://www2.estrellamountain.edu/faculty/stonebrink/ESL032/conjunction2/conjunction2.html. Accessed on October 27, 2018.
  5. Meaning of “nevertheless” in the English Dictionary. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/nevertheless. Accessed on October 27, 2018.
  6. Meaning of “however” in the English Dictionary. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/however. Accessed on October 27, 2018.
  7. Definition of nevertheless adverb from the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary. https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/nevertheless. Accessed on October 27, 2018.
  8. Nevertheless. http://learnersdictionary.com/qa/Nevertheless. Accessed on October 27, 2018.
  9. Conjunctive adverbs. https://www.gingersoftware.com/content/grammar-rules/conjunctions/conjunctive-adverbs/. Accessed on October 27, 2018.
  10. Definition of therefore adverb from the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary. https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/therefore. Accessed on October 27, 2018.
  11. Hence. http://www.learnersdictionary.com/definition/hence. Accessed on October 27, 2018.
  12. Meaning of “hence” in the English Dictionary. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/hence. Accessed on October 27, 2018.

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