Verb Phrase: Pengertian, Contoh Kalimat, dan Soal

Pengertian Verb Phrase

Verb phrase berdasarkan traditional grammar adalah kelompok kata berupa main verb (kata kerja utama) dan auxiliary verb (kata kerja bantu).


Main verb adalah verb apa pun (termasuk linking verb) yang bukan merupakan auxiliary verb, seperti: drive, want, read, taste, smell, is, am, are, was, dan were. Adapun auxiliary verb dapat berupa primary auxiliary verb (be, do, have) atau modal auxiliary verb (can, could, may, might, will, would, shall, should, must, ought to).

Berdasarkan generative grammar verb phrase adalah predicate, yaitu: main verb beserta seluruh elemen yang melengkapinya: auxiliary verb, complement (objek kalimat), dan/atau modifier, namun tidak termasuk subjek kalimat.

Complement dibutuhkan jika kata kerja utama berupa transitive verb, sedangkan modifier merupakan kata, frasa, atau klausa yang berfungsi sebagai adjective (kata sifat) atau adverb (kata keterangan) dan menerangkan kata atau kelompok kata lain. Modifier antara lain: simple adjective, simple adverb, adjective phrase, adverb phrase, adjective clause, adverb clause, participle, infinitive, dan prepositional phrase.

Traditional Grammar

+/- auxiliary verb + main verb

Generative Grammar

+/- auxiliary verb + main verb +/- complement +/- modifier

contoh kalimat verb phrase dan artinya: I like business. (Saya suka bisnis.) traditional grammar: like, generative grammar: like business

contoh kalimat verb phrase dan artinya

Tabel Verb Phrase: Traditional vs. Generative Grammar

  1. He sleeps without a pillow.
    (Dia tidur tanpa bantal.)

    • traditional grammar: sleep
    • generative grammar: sleeps without a pillow
  2. I will ask you a question.
    (Saya akan menanyakan satu pertanyaan kepadamu.)

    • traditional grammar: will ask
    • generative grammar: will ask you a question

Lebih banyak Contoh Verb Phrase

Contoh-contoh verb phrase berikut berdasarkan traditional grammar.

Verb phrase berdasarkan traditional grammar = +/- auxiliary verb (be, do, have, can, could, may, might, will, would, shall, should, dll) + main verb.

verb phrase berdasarkan traditional grammar

  1. I enjoy swimming.
    (Saya menikmati berenang.)

    enjoy = main verb

  2. He arrived this morning.
    (Dia tiba pagi ini.)

    arrived = main verb

  3. She was born in April.
    (Dia dilahirkan di bulan april.)

  4. You should see a doctor during pregnancy.
    (Kamu seharusnya mengunjungi dokter selama hamil.)

  5. It has just been raining in Bandung.
    (Baru saja turun hujan di Bandung.)

  6. That is yours.
    (Itu milikmu.)

    is = main verb berupa linking verb

  7. He has worked at the office since January.
    (Dia telah bekerja di kantor itu sejak Januari.)

    • has = primary auxiliary verb
    • worked = main verb (past participle)

Contoh Soal Verb Phrase Pilihan Ganda

Pengertian verb phrase dapat  diterjemahkan berdasarkan traditional grammar dan generative grammar. Berdasarkan traditional grammar, verb phrase merupakan main verb dan auxiliary-nya, sedangkan berdasarkan generative grammar merupakan predicate.

Tentukan yang mana verb phrase (atau main verb saja jika tidak ada auxiliary) berdasarkan pengertian tersebut dengan mengetik a, b, atau c.

  1. Tika and I are going to visit our college friend tomorrow.

    1. are going to visit
    2. are going
    3. going

    Your answer:

  2. My parents knew I would get a good GMAT score.

    1. would get a good GMAT score
    2. get
    3. would get

    Your answer:

  3. I do finish what I’ve started.

    1. do finish
    2. finish
    3. do

    Your answer:

  4. I have not met him yet.

    1. have not met him
    2. have met
    3. have not met

    Your answer:

  5. He won’t have been sleeping long when you pick him up.

    1. won't have been sleeping
    2. will have been sleeping
    3. won't have been sleeping long

    Your answer:

  6. She is walking down the hill now.

    1. walking
    2. is walking down
    3. is walking

    Your answer:

  7. You should often clean your cats’ bowl.

    1. should often clean
    2. often clean

    Your answer:

  8. They will also try the traditional food when visiting Egypt.

    1. try
    2. will also try
    3. will try

    Your answer:

  9. Julia doesn’t hate working on saturdays.

    1. does hate
    2. does hate working
    3. doesn't hate working

    Your answer:

  10. My nephew wants to be a doctor.

    1. wants to be
    2. wants to be a doctor
    3. wants

    Your answer:

Correct
Incorrect

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Lihat juga:


References:

  1. http://www-01.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAVerbPhrase.htm. Accessed on December 11, 2013.
  2. msu.edu. Accessed on December 11, 2013.
  3. Verb Phrases. http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/verbs/verb-phrases. Accessed on January 15, 2014.
  4. grammar.about.com. Accessed on January 15, 2014.
  5. http://www.quia.com/quiz/171707.html. Accessed on January 15, 2014.

About Wilma Yulia

Wilma is a grammar enthusiast. She loves learning about things and writes about them.



16 thoughts on “Verb Phrase: Pengertian, Contoh Kalimat, dan Soal

    1. Wilma Yulia  

      Halo Yusuf, maaf banget baru balas 🙁

      Saya tambahkan contohnya yang menggunakan main verb dalam verb-2 “He arrived this morning” dan auxiliary verb dalam verb-2 “She was born in April”. Jadi verb phrase nya masing-masing “arrived” dan “was born”. Kalo masih ada yang tidak mengerti tanya aja ya Yusuf 🙂

  1. Mega Marbun  

    Kak tolong dong buat contoh nya verb phrases yang menggunakan + ing.
    Soalnya saya masih bingung 🙁

    1. Wilma Yulia  

      Maaf banget Mega baru balas 🙁

      Contohnya:

      We have been waiting here for an hour.
      She is cooking roast beef.

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