Pengertian dan Contoh Kalimat Subordinate Conjunction

Soal Conjunction

Pengertian Subordinate Conjunction

Subordinate conjunction adalah kata hubung yang mengawali suatu subordinate clause (berupa adverbial clause) yang berfungsi membangun hubungan ide antara subordinate clause tersebut dengan main clause.

Main clause dan subordinate clause tersebut membentuk complex sentence.

Subordinate conjunction digunakan pada subordinate clause, yaitu bagian yang idenya kurang penting dibanding pada main clauseConjunction ini memiliki antara lain hubungan waktu (time), tempat (place), pertentangan (contrast), sebab akibat (cause-effect), syarat (condition), tujuan (reason), dan cara (manner).

Contoh Kalimat Subordinate Conjunction

Contoh kalimat dengan subordinate conjunction dengan hubungan waktu (time), tempat (place), dan pertentangan (contrast) sebagai berikut.

Subordinate Conjunction Contoh Kalimat Subordinate Conjunction (Complex Sentence)
Time (waktu)
  • after
    (setelah)
  • as
    (ketika, sementara)
  • as soon as
    (segera setelah)
  • before
    (sebelum)
  • once
    (segera setelah)
  • since
    (sejak)
  • until/till
    (sampai)
  • when
    (ketika)
  • whenever
    (kapan saja, sewaktu-waktu)
  • while
    (ketika, sementara)
After I changed the APN, I unpluged my modem and waited for 5 minutes.
(Setelah saya merubah APN, saya mencabut modem dan menunggu selama 5 menit.)
As soon as/once they finish filling the questionnaire, I will process the data.
(Segera setelah mereka selesai mengisi kuesioner, saya akan memproses data tersebut.)
Anna found so much expired food when she was cleaning the kitchen.
(Anna menemukan begitu banyak makanan basi ketika dia membersihkan dapur.)
Before she went to Jakarta, she got her flowers watered.
(Sebelum dia pergi ke Jakarta, dia meminta bunga-bunganya disirami.)
Since the boy bought a PS3, he forgot to study.
(Sejak anak laki-laki itu membeli PS3, dia lupa belajar.)
The students focused on the test until/till the time was over.
(Para siswa fokus pada ujian hingga waktu berakhir.)
You can come to my house whenever you want.
(Kamu bisa datang ke rumahku kapanpun kamu mau.)
While I was studying in my room, I didn’t let someone else to disturb.
(Ketika saya sedang belajar di ruangan saya, saya tidak akan membiarkan orang lain mengganggu.)
Place (tempat)
  • where
    (dimana)
  • wherever
    (dimanapun)
We should be polite and pleasant wherever we live.
(Kita sebaiknya sopan dan menyenangkan dimanapun kita tinggal.)
Contrast (pertentangan)
  • although,
    even though,
    though
    (meskipun)
  • whereas
    (sebaliknya, sedangkan)
  • while
    (meskipun)
  • even if
    (kalaupun)
She goes forward such a tank although / even though / though many friends confronts her ambition.
(Meskipun banyak teman menentang ambisinya, dia maju terus seperti tank.)
Although/even though I’m annoyed, I try to think positively.
(Meskipun saya terganggu, saya mencoba untuk berpikir positif.)
Even if Bima is not qualified enough to enter the top university, he’ll try again next year.
(Kalaupun Bima tidak cukup berkualifikasi untuk masuk universitas top tersebut, dia akan mencoba lagi tahun depan.)
I like doing execise whereas my brother like sleeping.
(Saya suka berolahraga sedangkan saudara laki-laki saya suka tidur.)

Pages:

2

Table of Contents:

  1. Subordinate Conjunction
  2. Subordinate Conjunction Part 2

Exercises:

Related Posts:

References:

  1. What is a Conjunction? http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergrammar/conjunct.html. Accessed on December 12th, 2012.
  2. Conjunctions. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/conjunctions.htm. Accessed on December 12th, 2012.
  3. Conjunctions. http://www.virtualsalt.com/conjunct.htm. Accessed on December 12th, 2012.
  4. fortunecity.com: Conjunctions

Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

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4 thoughts on “Pengertian dan Contoh Kalimat Subordinate Conjunction”

  1. Firstly I want to ask, is it same subordinate clause and dependent clause? because I heard an explanation about subordinate conjunction from another source, that said subordinate conjunction usually used after an independent clause first, then following by a subordinate conjunction to link a dependent clause in a complex sentence, but when I saw the examples above many of them were placed in the beginning of the sentences. Can I infer that all the sentences from the examples above that preceded by a subordinate conjunction, they were the subordinate clauses (dependent clause) as same as the explanation that has given above?

    secondly, correct my comment ha..ha….

    Third, You are the best.

    1. Hello :D

      Subordinate clause is another term for dependent clause, Alam.

      Another term for dependent clause is subordinate clause: this means that the clause is subordinate to another element (the independent clause) and depends on that other element for its meaning. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/clauses.htm

      In a complex sentence containing adverbial clause, subordinate conjunction is always in front of a independent clause. That’s make the clause become “dependent” (It can’t stand alone anymore).

      dependent clause = subordinate conjuction + independent clause
      complex sentence = dependent clause + independent clause

      Thanks for your kind words..I wish you all the best :)

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