Reflexive Pronoun: Pengertian, Contoh, dan Soal Bahasa Inggris

Pengertian Reflexive Pronoun

Reflexive Pronoun adalah pronoun (kata ganti) yang digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa subject (berupa orang atau hewan) menerima aksi dari verb (reciprocal action) pada suatu kalimat.

Pronoun ini terdiri dari: myself, yourself, herself, himself, itself, pada bentuk singular, dan yourselves, ourselves, dan themselves pada bentuk plural. Bentuknya identik dengan intensive pronoun.

Singular reflexive pronoun (-self): myself, yourself, herself, himself, dan itself; plural reflexive pronoun (-selves): yourselves, ourselves, dan themselves

singular dan plural reflexive pronoun

Lihat juga:

Contoh Kalimat Reflexive Pronoun dan Artinya

  1. I‘m going to buy myself new jeans.
    (Saya akan membeli jeans baru untuk saya sendiri.)
  2. It’s essential to treat others like you treat yourself.
    (Penting untuk mmemperlakukan orang lain seperti kamu memperlakukan diri sendiri.)
  3. She asked herself why she was easy to be panic.
    (Dia bertanya pada dirinya sendiri mengapa dulu dia mudah panik.)
  4. Hendri didn’t blame himself for the accident.
    (Hendri tidak menyalahkan dirinya sendiri terhadap kecelakaan tersebut.)
  5. The cat is licking itself.
    (Kucing itu sedang menjilati dirinya.)
  6. Why don’t you watch yourselves on TV?
    (Mengapa kamu tidak menonton dirimu di TV?)
  7. We should give time for ourselves to take a rest.
    (Kita seharusnya memberi waktu untuk diri kita sendiri untuk beristirahat.)
  8. The students ate cookies that they cooked by themselves.
    (Siswa-siswa tersebut makan kue yang mereka masak sendiri.)

Subject Kombinasi

Subjek proper noun (nama orang) kadang dipadukan dengan pronoun. Pada kondisi ini, reflexive pronoun yang digunakan disesuaikan dengan urutan orang (1st person, 2nd person, dan 3rd person).

Pemilihan kata ganti ini berlaku sama ketika subjek pronoun dipadukan dengan pronoun yang lain.

Contoh Kalimat Subject Kombinasi dan Reflexive Pronoun

  1. Dini and I tried to motivate ourselves.
    (Dini dan saya mencoba untuk memotivasi diri kami sendiri.) I=1st person, ourselves =1st person plural reflexive pronoun
  2. Luna, Gerry, and you have embarrassed yourselves.
    (Luna, Gery, dan kamu telah mempermalukan diri kalian sendiri.) you =2nd person, yourselves =2nd person plural reflexive pronoun
  3. You and I can help ourselves.
    (Kamu dan saya dapat menolong diri kita sendiri.) I = 1st person, ourselves = 1st person plural reflexive pronoun

One dan Oneself

One memiliki bentuk tersendiri untuk reflexive pronoun-nya, yaitu oneself. Namun bentuk tersebut biasanya digunakan pada formal writing dan speech. Selain itu dapat pula digantikan dengan himself or herself. Namun akan menjengkelkan jika bentuk tersebut harus diulang dalam suatu bacaan. Solusi lain adalah dengan mengubah one menjadi plural (ones).

Contoh Kalimat One dan Oneself

  • Do not be one who enrichs oneself without caring others.
    (Jangan menjadi seseorang yang memperkaya diri sendiri tanpa mempedulikan orang lain.)
  • Do not be one who enrichs himself or herself without caring others.
  • Do not be ones who enrich themselves without caring others. (versi plural)

10 Contoh Soal Reflexive Pronoun Pilihan Ganda

Reflexive Pronoun merupakan kata ganti untuk menyatakan bahwa subjek kalimat menerima aksi dari suatu verb (kata kerja). Kata ganti ini antara lain: myself, yourselfherself, himself, itselfyourselves, ourselves, dan themselves.

Ketik a atau b untuk melengkapi kalimat di bawah ini.

  1. "You can make ... happy every day." said the therapist to her patients.

    1. yourself
    2. yourselves

    Your answer:

  2. "Don't harm ... !" Wenny shouted to him.

    1. himself
    2. yourself

    Your answer:

  3. I think we need to allow ... to grow stronger.

    1. ourselves
    2. ourself

    Your answer:

  4. My friends were talking among ... and ignoring me.

    1. themselves
    2. ourselves

    Your answer:

  5. Susy and I will buy ... something nice.

    1. ourselves
    2. myself

    Your answer:

  6. Her son used to doubt ... a lot.

    1. himself
    2. herself

    Your answer:

  7. It is important that ones take time to understand ... before choosing a career.

    1. oneselves
    2. themselves

    Your answer:

  8. Should one always be ... ?

    1. himself
    2. oneself

    Your answer:

  9. By frankly speaking, the woman often makes a difficult situation for ...

    1. herself
    2. himself

    Your answer:

  10. Every cat and dog may be unable to clean ...

    1. itself after pooping when it is sick
    2. themselves after pooping when they are sick

    Your answer:

Correct
Incorrect

Javascript diperlukan untuk menjalankan quiz ini.

Lihat juga:

References:

  1. Pronouns. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/pronouns1.htm. Accessed on October 9, 2012.
  2. What is a Pronoun? http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergrammar/pronouns.html. Accessed on September 30, 2012.
  3. Reflexive Pronouns. http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/pronouns-reflexive.htm. Accessed on October 9, 2012.
  4. Themselves. http://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/themselves. Accessed on October 25, 2014.

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16 thoughts on “Reflexive Pronoun: Pengertian, Contoh, dan Soal Bahasa Inggris

  1. Wilma Yulia  

    cenderung dianggap non-standard Fadil

    Hisself is listed as a dialectal variation for himself. While it is an official word, most would deem it grammatically incorrect. And so it is rarely used in formal writing.

    Hisself actually comes from how words were formed in Old English. The reflexive was made by adding self to his, as in belonging to the male. Himself comes from the pronoun set which meant that something concerned him (i.e., the male). http://grammarist.com/words/himself-vs-hisself/

  2. Dlien  

    Hello. I do like your explanation and I often use it as my ‘guide book’ hehe. But, can you tell me what’s the different between theirselves and themselves? Thanks a lot ????

  3. Wilma Yulia  

    Thanks for loving my explanation Dlien ^^ I think “theirselves” doesn’t exist…Can you show me any example sentences containing ‘theirselves’?

  4. Siti Robiatul Adawiyah  

    Hi. Menurut saya, kalimat “The students ate cookies that they cooked by themselves” adalah contoh intensive pronoun, bukan reflexive, karena posisi “themselves” di kalimat itu bukan sebagai object.

  5. Wilma Yulia  

    Halo Siti mohon maaf baru balas 🙁

    Terima kasih komentarnya Siti. Reflexive pronoun disitu sebagai object of preposition Siti untuk menyatakan “did something without any help”.

    We use reflexives with the preposition by:

    to show that someone did something without any help:
    The children got dressed by themselves.
    I prepared the whole meal by myself. https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/english-grammar-reference/reflexive-pronouns

    Ke depannya saya berencana untuk melengkapi dan memperbaiki halaman ini 🙂

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