Reflexive Pronoun

Soal Reflexive Pronoun

Pengertian Reflexive Pronoun

Reflexive Pronoun adalah pronoun (kata ganti) yang digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa subject (berupa orang atau hewan) menerima aksi dari verb (reciprocal action) pada suatu kalimat. 

Pronoun ini terdiri dari: myself, yourself, herself, himself, itself, pada bentuk singular, dan yourselves, ourselves, dan themselves pada bentuk plural. Bentuknya identik dengan intensive pronoun.

Lihat juga:

Singular reflexive pronoun (-self): myself, yourself, herself, himself, dan itself; plural reflexive pronoun (-selves): yourselves, ourselves, dan themselves
singular dan plural reflexive pronoun

Contoh Kalimat Reflexive Pronoun

No Contoh Kalimat Reflexive Pronoun
1 I‘m going to buy myself new jeans.
(Saya akan membeli jeans baru untuk saya sendiri.)
2 It’s essential to treat others like you treat yourself.
(Penting untuk mmemperlakukan orang lain seperti kamu memperlakukan diri sendiri.)
3 She asked herself why she was easy to be panic.
(Dia bertanya pada dirinya sendiri mengapa dulu dia mudah panik.)
4 Hendri didn’t blame himself for the accident.
(Hendri tidak menyalahkan dirinya sendiri terhadap kecelakaan tersebut.)
5 The cat is licking itself.
(Kucing itu sedang menjilati dirinya.)
6 Why don’t you watch yourselves on TV?
(Mengapa kamu tidak menonton dirimu di TV?)
7 We should give time for ourselves to take a rest.
(Kita seharusnya memberi waktu untuk diri kita sendiri untuk beristirahat.)
8 The students ate cookies that they cooked by themselves.
(Siswa-siswa tersebut makan kue yang mereka masak sendiri.)

Subject Kombinasi

Subjek proper noun (nama orang) kadang dipadukan dengan pronoun. Pada kondisi ini, reflexive pronoun yang digunakan disesuaikan dengan urutan orang (1st person, 2nd person, dan 3rd person).

Pemilihan kata ganti ini berlaku sama ketika subjek pronoun dipadukan dengan pronoun yang lain.

Contoh Kalimat Subject Kombinasi dan Reflexive Pronoun

Contoh Kalimat Subject Kombinasi dan Reflexive Pronoun Keterangan
Dini and I tried to motivate ourselves.
(Dini dan saya mencoba untuk memotivasi diri kami sendiri.)
  • I=1st person
  • ourselves =1st person plural reflexive pronoun
Luna, Gerry, and you have embarrassed yourselves.
(Luna, Gery, dan kamu telah mempermalukan diri kalian sendiri.)
  • you =2nd person
  • yourselves =2nd person plural reflexive pronoun
You and I can help ourselves.
(Kamu dan saya dapat menolong diri kita sendiri.)
  • I = 1st person
  • ourselves = 1st person plural reflexive pronoun

One dan Oneself

One memiliki bentuk tersendiri untuk reflexive pronoun-nya, yaitu oneself. Namun bentuk tersebut biasanya digunakan pada formal writing dan speech. Selain itu dapat pula digantikan dengan himself or herself. Namun akan menjengkelkan jika bentuk tersebut harus diulang dalam suatu bacaan. Solusi lain adalah dengan mengubah one menjadi plural (ones).

Contoh Kalimat One dan Oneself

No Contoh Kalimat One dan Oneself
1 Do not be one who enrichs oneself without caring others.
(Jangan menjadi seseorang yang memperkaya diri sendiri tanpa mempedulikan orang lain.)
2 Do not be one who enrichs himself or herself without caring others.
3 Do not be ones who enrich themselves without caring others. (versi plural)

Soal Reflexive Pronoun

Soal Intensive vs. Reflexive Pronoun

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Pronouns. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/pronouns1.htm. Accessed on October 9, 2012.
  2. What is a Pronoun? http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergrammar/pronouns.html. Accessed on September 30, 2012.
  3. Reflexive Pronouns. http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/pronouns-reflexive.htm. Accessed on October 9, 2012.

Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

14 thoughts on “Reflexive Pronoun”

  1. Hello. I do like your explanation and I often use it as my ‘guide book’ hehe. But, can you tell me what’s the different between theirselves and themselves? Thanks a lot ????

    • Thanks for loving my explanation Dlien ^^ I think “theirselves” doesn’t exist…Can you show me any example sentences containing ‘theirselves’?

    • cenderung dianggap non-standard Fadil

      Hisself is listed as a dialectal variation for himself. While it is an official word, most would deem it grammatically incorrect. And so it is rarely used in formal writing.

      Hisself actually comes from how words were formed in Old English. The reflexive was made by adding self to his, as in belonging to the male. Himself comes from the pronoun set which meant that something concerned him (i.e., the male). http://grammarist.com/words/himself-vs-hisself/

  2. Hi.. I do like your explanation about reflexive pronoun!!
    But can you explain it more about the difference between yourself and yourselves??
    ???

    • Hi Selly! Thank you for loving my explanation :B

      Use “yourself” when “you” (the subject of a sentence) refers to one person, but if “you” refers more than one person, use “yourselves”.

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