Pengertian dan Contoh Kalimat Possessive Adjective

Soal Possessive Adjective

Pengertian Possessive Adjective

Possessive adjective adalah determiner (special adjective) yang digunakan untuk menyatakan kepemilikan (possession) terhadap noun. Possessive adjective terdiri dari myyour, his, her, its, our, dan their.

Contoh Possessive Adjective:

  • my books (buku saya)
  • your father (ayahmu)
  • our class (kelas kita)
  • their rule (aturan mereka)
  • his shorts (celana pendeknya)
  • her skirt (roknya)
  • its tail (ekornya)

Pronoun dan Possessive Adjective

Possessive adjective memiliki bentuk yang mirip dengan possessive pronoun. Perbandingan antara pronoun dengan possessive adjective dapat dilihat pada tabel sebagai berikut.

Person Number Posessive Pronoun Number Possessive Adjective
1st Singular mine singular
2nd yours your
3rd hers,
1st Plural ours our
2nd yours your
3rd theirs their

possessive adjectivePronoun berfungsi mengantikan noun yang dapat berupa singular (mine, yours, hers, his, its) atau plural (ours, yours, theirs). Jika noun yang berperan sebagai subjek kalimat berupa singular, maka verb yang mengikuti berbentuk singular, begitupun sebaliknya. Sedangkan semua possessive adjective dapat mengikuti noun baik berupa singular maupun plural. Pada klausa atau kalimat, jika noun yang berperan sebagai subjek kalimat berupa singular, maka diikuti verb berbentuk singular, berlaku sebaliknya.

Beberapa contoh Kalimatnya sebagai berikut [Subject= S; Subject Complement= SC; Object= O].

Contoh Kalimat Possessive Pronoun Contoh Kalimat Possessive Adjective
  • Mine is the biggest one. [S] (Milikku adalah yang terbesar.)
  • The city is mine. [SC] (Kota tsb milikku.)
  • My house is the biggest one. [S] (Rumahku adalah yang terbesar.)
  • The city is my hometown. [SC] (Kota tsb adalah kampung halamanku.)
  • Yours was sent yesterday. [S] (Milikmu dikirim kemarin)
  • Yours were sent yesterday. [S]
  • Today is yours. [SC] (Hari ini milikmu.)
  • Your letter was sent yesterday. [S] (Suratmu dikirim kemarin.)
  • Your letters were sent yesterday. [S]
  • Today is your day. [SC] (Hari ini harimu.)
  • Hers is beautiful. [S] (Miliknya cantik.)
  • It is not his. [SC] (Itu bukan miliknya.)
  • I like his. [O] (Saya suka miliknya.)
  • Her skirt is beautiful. [S] (Rok dia cantik.)
  • It is not his car. [SC] (Itu bukan mobilnya.)
  • I like his car. [O] (Saya suka mobil dia.)
  • That puppy wagged its tail. [O] (Anak anjing itu mengibaskan ekornya.)
  • Ours is on the table. [S] (Milik kita di atas meja.)
  • That is ours. [SC] (Itu milik kita.)
  • They found ours. [O] (Mereka menemukan milik kita.)
  • Our key is on the table. [S] (Kunci kita di atas meja.)
  • That is our class. [SC] (Itu kelas kita.)
  • They found our key. [O] (Mereka menemukan kunci kita.)
  • Theirs are the official rules. [S] (Punya mereka adalah peraturan resmi.)
  • Some of the good books are theirs. [SC] (Beberapa dari buku bagus tsb adalah milik mereka.)
  • Their rules are the official rules. [S] (Peraturan mereka adalah peraturan resmi.)
  • Some are their own. [SC] (Beberapa adalah milik mereka.)

Posisi Possessive Adjective

Possessive adjective tepat berada di depan simple noun atau dapat disela oleh determiner lain maupun adjective (sebagai modifier) pada noun phrase. Sebagai informasi, possessive adjective merupakan salah satu dari central determiner, yaitu determiner yang diletakkan diantara pre dan post-determiner pada suatu noun phrase.

Contoh Possessive Adjective pada Noun Phrase:

  • your choice
  • two-third of his salary [two-third= fraction (predeterminer)]
  • my funny cat [funny= adjective]


Related Posts:

Semoga penjelasan materi possessive adjective dan pronoun ini bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.


  1. Pronouns and Possessive Adjectives.  Accessed on April 4, 2013.
  2. Possessive Adjectives (my, your, his, her, its, our, their). and Demonstrative Words (this, that, these, those).  Accessed on October 16, 2012.
  3. Possessive Adjectives.  Accessed on October 16, 2012.
  4. What Is An Adjective?  Accessed on October 16, 2012.

Posted by Wilma Yulia

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21 thoughts on “Pengertian dan Contoh Kalimat Possessive Adjective”

    1. Possessive itu central determiner yang posisinya bisa tepat di depan single noun atau diselangi determiner lain atau adjective. Si quantifier masuk ke kelompok post-determiner (ada sebagian quantifier masuk ke predeterminer) dan kebetulan saya juga menemukan beberapa contoh kombinasi possessive dan quantifier:

      A definite determiner can be followed by certain quantifiers (the many problems, these three things, my very few faults).

      Other quantifying expressions are also postdeterminers:

      my many friends
      our several achievements
      the few friends that I have

      Paling cek2 dulu aja El-Qy Uwais sebelum aplikasikan ke kalimat…quantifier apa saja yang wajar dikombinasi dengan possessive (yang some saya gak nemu) :)

      1. before change adjective clausee “whose” introductory word function as: Possesive adjective

        =This is the girl, you saw her picture

        after change adjective clausee “whose” introductory word function as: Possesive adjective

        =This is the girl whose picture you saw

        so, can you explain the reason ?

        Thank you :D

      2. So we have two short sentences:
        *This is the girl.
        *You saw her picture.
        and want to combine them into a longer, more effective sentence by using the second sentence as an adjective clause. All we have to do is eliminate repetitive (or corresponding) word. It is “her” that corresponds to the girl. “Her” is a possessive, so we use “whose”.
        who = subject pronoun
        whom = object pronoun
        whose = possessive

        Hope this helps :)

  1. Mbak, mau tanya, saya kan belajar di sekolah begini:
    I – My – Mine – Me

    Nah, kalo it itu terakhirnya apa? Its atau it saja?

    Terima kasih

    1. Hi Alvan,

      You can use “its” either as a pronoun (possessive) or possessive adjective (determiner). “it” is only used as a pronoun (subjective or objective).

      Some examples…

      The Guardian seems to respect its readers more than the Sun respects its.

      (possessive personal pronoun)
      Its color is black. (possessive adjective)
      It has just been raining. (subject)
      I removed it yesterday. (object)

      Materi It’s vs. Its

      1. I got it mbk Wilma
        Thanks a lot ;)
        It will be great if you give more specific explanation about pronoun so the readers will be easy to understand. As i know, many articles is written without detail explanation. The writer only writes and gives an explanation in general.
        Just like me, i got problem to know how its and it become not same ;)
        But anyway, thank you for the anwer mbk Wilma :)

      2. Actually I’ve written about it’s vs. Its separately (I found it after using the search button -_-), but I haven’t linked the page to this page yet. I know how you feel. Good writers should be able to write for their readers, not only for themselves. Readers come from different educational backgrounds and have different purpose for reading. Some look for general overview, some look for detail.
        Btw the example of “its” as a pronoun is (so) rare. It seems “its” is possible to use as it, but not common.

  2. mba Wilma, mau tanya, dari 2 kalimat ini mana yang benar? 1.Mobil kami baru – our car is new 2.Rumah mereka besar – their car is big

    1. Hi Laura,

      1. Mobil kami baru –> Our car is new. (benar)
      2. Rumah mereka besar –> Their car is big. (salah)
      Their house is big. (benar)

      Semoga membantu… :)

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