Perfect Infinitive

Pengertian Perfect Infinitive

Perfect inifinitive adalah to have + past participle.

Konstruksi ini ditempatkan setelah verb seperti:

  • claim
  • consider
  • expect
  • hate
  • hope
  • like
  • love
  • prefer
  • pretend

Rumus Verb + Perfect Infinitive:

verb + to have + past participle

Lihat juga:

Penggunaan Perfect Infinitive

Aksi pada perfect infinitive mungkin terjadi di masa lampau mendahului aksi pada verb di depannya, bisa juga aksi pada perfect infinitive mungkin terjadi di masa depan sedangkan aksi pada verb di depannya terjadi pada saat ini. Bingung? Perhatikan contoh kalimat perfect infinitive pada berbagai situasi di bawah ini.

Situasi Contoh Kalimat Perfect Infinitive
present condition + something prior to that time She pretends to have read my writing.
(Dia berpura-pura telah membaca tulisan saya.)
I would like to have sent him my wedding invitation.
(Saya ingin sudah mengiriminya undangan pernikahan saya.)
past condition + something prior to that time The scientists claimed to had found proof of alien life.
(Para ilmuan tersebut mengelaim telah menemukan bukti kehidupan alien.)
present condition + something after that time We expect to have finished the new product design by the end of this month.
(Kami berharap telah menyelesaikan desain produk baru tersebut akhir bulan ini.)

Perfect infinitive dapat pula digunakan pada kalimat tanpa subjek (non-finite clause) untuk menunjukkan suatu event yang telah terjadi di masa lampau.

Contoh Kalimat Perfect Infinitive:

To have worked together with the team was an unforgettable experience.
(Bekerja bersama-sama dengan tim tersebut merupakan pengalaman yang tidak terlupakan.) =The person worked together

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Sequence of Verb Tenses. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/sequence.htm. Accessed on June 21, 2014.
  2. Perfect infinitive with to (to have worked). http://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/perfect-infinitive-with-to-to-have-worked. Accessed on June 21, 2014.
  3. Modals – Deduction Past. https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/grammar-reference/modals-deduction-past. Accessed on June 21, 2014.
  4. Sequence of Tenses. https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/owlprint/601/. Accessed on June 21, 2014.
  5. should and should have, would and would have, could and could have. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/grammar/learnit/learnitv195.shtml. Accessed on June 21, 2014.
  6. can, could and could have. http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/verbs/modal-verbs/can-could-and-could-have. Accessed on June 21, 2014.
Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

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