Participial Phrase

Pengertian Participial Phrase

Participial phrase adalah kombinasi antara participle (present atau past participle) dengan complement dan/atau modifier.

Modifier adalah kata, phrase, atau clause yang berfungsi sebagai adverb bagi participle; sementara complement dapat berupa object jika participle merupakan transitive verb.

Contoh Participial Phrase

participle complement modifier participial phrase
lying on the couch lying on the couch
baking sweet potatoes baking sweet potatoes
checking something thoroughly checking something thoroughly

Penggunaan Participial Phrase

Participle phrase digunakan pada adjective clause dan adverbial clause yang direduksi. Pada reduksi adjective clause, participle digunakan menggantikan relative pronoun dan verb yang direduksi. Present participial phrase digunakan pada reduksi adjective clause active voice, sedangkan past participial phrase pada reduksi adjective clause passive voice. Sedangkan pada reduksi adverbial clause, subject, verb, dan/tanpa conjunction dapat digantikan dengan participle jika subject pada adverbial clause dan independent clause sama.

Contoh Kalimat Participial Phrase

Contoh Clause Contoh Kalimat Participial Phrase

adjective clause (active voice)

  • The athlete who is carrying the ball is Miroslav Klose.
    (Atlit yang sedang membawa bola adalah Miroslav Klose.)
  • The man who is playing basketball is my brother.
    (Laki-laki yang sedang bermain basket adalah saudaraku.)
  • The athlete carrying the ball is Miroslav Klose. menerangkan athlete
  • The boy playing basketball is my brother. menerangkan boy

adjective clause (passive voice)

  • The car which is being parked there is his.
    (Mobil yang sedang diparkir disana miliknya.)
  • The math problem which has been solved by the class is very difficult.
    (Soal matematika yang telah diselesaikan oleh kelas tersebut sangat sulit.)
  • The car being parked there is his. menerangkan car
  • The math problem solved by the class is very difficult. menerangkan math problem

adverbial clause

Because she was learning Math, she turned off the TV.
(Karena dia sedang belajar matematika, dia mematikan TV.)

Learning Math, she turned off the TV. cause & effect (sebab akibat)
penggunaan participial phrase (participial dengan complement dan/atau modifier): *present participial phrase digunakan pada active voice - reduced adjective clause; past participial phrase pada passive voice - reduced adjective clause *reduced adverbial clause
penggunaan participial phrase

Posisi dan Tanda Baca pada Kalimat Participial Phrase

Participle atau participial phrase harus diletakkan dekat dengan noun yang diterangkan, baik di depan maupun di belakang kata benda tersebut. Jika participial phrase berada di awal kalimat, comma (koma) harus ditambahkan setelahnya.

Contoh Participial Phrase di Awal Kalimat

Working in my room, I didn’t let anyone to disturb.
(Bekerja di ruanganku, Aku tidak membiarkan siapa pun menggangu.)

Jika participial phrase berada di tengah kalimat, maka harus diapit oleh comma (,) jika informasi yang dibawanya bersifat non-restrictive/non-defining/non-essential. Artinya, informasi tambahan yang dibawa oleh frasa tersebut bersifat tidak penting dan dapat dihilangkan. Namun jika informasi yang dibawa participial phrase bersifat restrictive/defining/essential, maka koma tidak digunakan. Karena jika dihilangkan, noun yang diterangkan menjadi terlalu general sehingga maksud kalimat sebenarnya tidak tersampaikan.

Contoh Kalimat Restrictive dan Non-Restrictive Participial Phrase

1 The table, made of marble, has been repaired.
(Meja tersebut, terbuat dari marmer, telah diperbaiki) non-restrictive
2 Cats living in the wild may rarely get sick.
(Kucing-kucing yang hidup di alam liar mungkin jarang sakit.) restrictive

Soal Participle

Related Posts:

References:

  1. The Participial Phrase. http://www.sinclair.edu/centers/tlc/pub/handouts_worksheets/grammar_punctuation_writing/phrase_participial.pdf. Accessed on November 9, 2012.
  2. The Garden Of Phrases. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/phrases.htm. Accessed on November 9, 2012.
  3. Participles. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/627/02/. Accessed on November 10, 2012.
  4. Participial Phrases. http://www.mit.edu/course/21/21.guide/ph-part.htm. Accessed on November 9, 2012.
  5. Verbals. http://www.towson.edu/ows/verbals.html. Accessed on November 10, 2012.
  6. Comma. http://www.towson.edu/ows/comma.htm#nonessential_adj_clause-phrase. Accessed on November 9, 2012.
  7. Participle Phrases (as reduced relative clauses?). http://www.csun.edu/~bashforth/305_PDF/305_PDF_Grammar/ParticiplePhrasesAsReducedARelatives.pdf. Accessed on November 9, 2012.
  8. Relative Clauses. http://writingcenter.unc.edu/handouts/relative-clauses/. Accessed on November 9, 2012.
  9. Adverbial Clauses. http://fd.valenciacollege.edu/file/jbritton/Reducing%20Adverbial%20Clauses.pptx. Accessed on April 3, 2013.
Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

Share This Page:

Find a post in wordsmile.com:

13 thoughts on “Participial Phrase”

  1. I think your example :
    Being learnt Math, she turned off the TV. cause& effect (sebab akibat)
    needs to be corrected, because being learnt shows passivity which means karena dipelajari. The sentence means she turned off the TV, because she was (being) learned math. I think it should be
    Learning math, she turned off the TV.
    What do you think?

    1. Yes, you are absolutely right.. It seemed I was sleepy..no synchronization between the adverbial clause and the participial phrase :(
      I’m sorry for the silly mistake. It’s has been revised..thank you for your correction Bambang :)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *