Direct Speech

Soal Direct-Indirect Speech

Pengertian Direct Speech

Direct speech adalah suatu cara melaporkan apa yang seseorang telah katakan atau tulis dengan mengutip persis kata-katanya. Kata-kata tersebut diapit oleh tanda baca quotation marks (tanda kutip).

Kebalikannya adalah indirect speech.

Contoh Direct Speech:

Reporting Contoh Kalimat Direct Speech
Statement “I like roasted garlic mashed potatoes,” said Wenny.
(Saya suka kentang tumbuk bawang putih panggang.)
Imperative “Shut up the window!” she shouted.
(Tutup jendela!)
Yes-no question “Did you eat my cake?” he asked.
(Apakah kamu makan kueku?)
Information request It was my uncle who asked, “Where is the fire hydrant?”
(Pamanku yang bertanya, “Dimana fire hydrant?”)

Beberapa Aturan pada Direct Speech

No Aturan
1 Direct speech berada di dalam quotation marks dan ditemani oleh attribution (asked, says, said, yelled, shouted, replied, ordered). Attribution dapat berada di sebelum, di tengah-tengah, dan setelah kutipan. Pelajari attribution.

Contoh kalimat direct speech:

“I think he’ll angry,” Budi said.
(“Saya pikir dia akan marah,” kata Budi.)

2 Tanda baca: comma (,), full stop (.), exclamation mark (!), atau question mark (?) dtempatkan sebelum tanda kutip yang kedua sesuai dengan macam direct speech-nya. Pelajari penggunaan quotation Marks bersama punctuation lain.

Contoh kalimat direct speech:

Ferdy said, “I’m going to marry her.
(Kata Ferdy, “Saya akan menikahinya.”)

3 Setiap pembicara baru dimulai pada paragraph baru.

Contoh kalimat direct speech:

“Have you finished your work?” asked Tina.
“Sure,” I replied.

Mengubah Direct Speech Menjadi Indirect Speech

direct speechPada dasarnya, direct dapat diubah menjadi indirect speech dengan menghilangkan quotation marks, menghilangkan capital letter,  menambahkan kata that/whether/if, mengubah pronoun (menjadi orang ketiga), menyesuaikan verb, dan/atau menyesuaikan time reference (waktu yang disebutkan). Pelajari cara mengubah direct speech menjadi indirect speech.

Contoh:

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
“Should I see the dentist tomorrow?” asked Tommy.
(Haruskah saya menemui dokter gigi besok?)
Tommy asked if he should see the dentist the following day.

Keterangan:

  • capital letter: Karena dilebur dalam kalimat, should ditulis dengan huruf kecil
  • pronoun: 1st person “I” diubah menjadi 3rd person “he”;
    Time: tomorrow diubah menjadi the following day
“I have read the book three times,” he said.
(Saya telah membaca buku tsb tiga kali.)
He said that he had read this book three times.
(Dia mengatakan bahwa dia telah membaca buku tsb tiga kali.)

Keterangan:

verb: present perfect tense “have read” diubah menjadi past perfect tense “had read”

Soal Direct – Indirect Speech

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Reported Speech & Direct Speech. http://www.stlcc.edu/Student_Resources/Academic_Resources/Writing_Resources/Grammar_Handouts/reported_speech.pdf. Accessed on May 16, 2013.
  2. Definition of “direct speech”. http://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/direct-speech. Accessed on May 16, 2013.
  3. Direct Speech. http://grammar.about.com/od/d/g/Direct-Speech.htm. Accessed on May 16, 2013.
  4. Punctuation in Direct Speech. http://oxforddictionaries.com/words/punctuation-in-direct-speech. Accessed on May 16, 2013.
  5. Direct and Indirect Speech. http://www.uno.edu/lrc/writingcenter/documents/DIRECT-AND-INDIRECT-SPEECH.pdf. Accessed on May 16, 2013.
  6. Have You Practiced Direct and Indirect Speech in Your ESL Class? http://www.englishlci.edu/blog/uncategorized/uncategorized/2012/10/23/have-you-practiced-direct-and-indirect-speech-in-your-esl-class-. Accessed on May 16, 2013.
  7. Reported Speech. http://www.ccc.commnet.edu/sensen/part4/esltips/esl_reported.html. Accessed on August 27, 2012.
  8. Reported Speech. http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/repspee.htm. Accessed on August 27, 2012.

Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

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