Delexical Verb

Pengertian Delexical Verb

Delexical verb atau empty verb adalah kata kerja yang memiliki sedikit atau tanpa makna dan digunakan dalam transitive structure (diikuti direct object).

Kata kerja ini ketika diikuti noun (sebagai direct object) disebut delexical structure.

Contoh yang umum untuk delexical verb antara lain: do, give, have, hold, keep, make, set, dan take.

Banyak kasus delexical structure mempunyai makna yang sama atau hampir sama dengan verb lain. Seringnya, kata kerja yang menjadi padanannya merupakan intransitive verb (tidak diikuti direct object).

  • She took a wash = She washed a diaper
  • I had a fight with my best friend = I fought with my best friend

Contoh Delexical Verb

Delexical Verb Penjelasan dan Contoh Delexical Verb
do Delexical verb ini biasanya diikuti aktivitas (gerund) atau pekerjaan dalam bentuk(noun atau indefinite
pronoun).

Contoh delexical verb:

do homework, do something important, do a research, do a housework, do the laundry, do the cleaning

give

Contoh delexical verb:

give a whistle, give a broken smile, give a punch, give a big hug, give some advice, give a warning

go Go diikuti common activities (gerund)  atau diikuti for a + verb of movement (jog, drive, hike, run, walk)

Contoh delexical verb:

go shopping, go sleeping, go swimming, go for a hike, go for a walk

have

Contoh delexical verb:

have lunch, have a conversation, have a talk, have a bath, have a break, have a fight

make Make digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan untuk membuat sesuatu, baik berwujud fisik maupun
tidak. Fisik berupa plans, sedangkan non fisik berupa talking atau sounds.

Contoh delexical verb:

make a mess, make a mistake, make food, make a cup of tea, make ten phone calls, make a suggestion

take

Contoh delexical verb:

take a bath, take a rest, take care, take a chance, take a risk, take a photograph

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Alive to Language: Perspectives on Language Awareness for English Language Teachers. http://books.google.co.id/… Accessed on March 7, 2014.
  2. Encyclopedic Graded Grammar Vol 1. http://books.google.co.id/… Accessed on March 7, 2014.
  3. Delexical Verbs like Have, Take, Make and Give. http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/verbs/delexical-verbs-have-take-make-and-give. Accessed on March 7, 2014.
  4. Delexical. http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/delexical. Accessed on March 7, 2014.
  5. Make and Do. http://www2.waketech.edu/blogs/esl_fvumc/2013/01/13/make-and-do/. Accessed on February 13, 2013.
  6. Do or Make Explained. http://esl.about.com/cs/beginner/a/a_makedo.htm. Accessed on February 13, 2013.
  7. Verbs of Movement.
    http://www.pearsonelt.com.ar/material/students/teens/Verbs_of_movement.pdf. Accessed on March 11, 2014.
Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

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