Absolute Phrase

Pengertian Absolute Phrase

Absolute phrase adalah kelompok kata yang terdiri dari noun atau pronounparticiple dengan/tanpa object dan/atau modifier.

noun/pronoun + participle +/- object +/- modifier

Posisi Absolute Phrase

Phrase ini menerangkan independent clause dimana posisinya dapat di depan, tengah, atau di belakang clause tersebut. Antara absolute phrase dan independent clause selalu dipisahkan oleh comma (,). Dengan demikian jika absolute phrase berada di tengah independent clause, ada sepasang comma yang memisahkannya.

Contoh Kalimat Absolute Phrase:

Posisi Contoh Kalimat Absolute Phrase
di depan independent clause His hands tugging on his mother’s shirttail, the little boy asked his mother to buy a toy.
(Tangannya menarik-narik ujung baju ibunya, anak kecil itu meminta ibunya membelikan mainan.)
di tengah independent clause The little boy, his hands tugging on his mother’s shirttail, asked his mother to buy a toy.
di belakang independent clause The little boy asked his mother to buy a toy, his hands tugging on his mother’s shirttail.

Keterangan:

  • noun (phrase) = his hands
  • participle = tugging
  • modifier = on his mother’s shirttail

Participle Berupa To Be

Participle yang digunakan pada absolute phrase dapat dihilangkan jika berupa to be (contoh: being, having been) karena dianggap sudah dimengerti (understood).

Contoh:

The time being over, the class left the examination room.
(Waktu berakhir, kelas meninggalkan ruang ujian.)

Lebih Banyak Contoh Kalimat Absolute Phrase

No Contoh Kalimat Absolute Phrase
1 Reny ran onto the hill, beads of sweat forming on her forehead.
(Reny berlari ke atas bukit, butiran-butiran keringat membentuk  di dahinya.)

Keterangan:

  • noun (phrase) = beads of sweat
  • participle = forming
  • modifier = on her forehead
2 Reza waited on his sister’s friends, his face scowling.
(Reza melayani teman-teman saudaranya, wajarnya kesal.)

Keterangan:

  • noun (phrase) = his face
  • participle = scowling
3 The supervisor from the head office looked the machine over carefully, the name tag pinned on his shirt pocket.
(Pengawas dari kantor pusat mengecek mesin dengan hati-hati, tanda pengenal terpasang di saku bajunya.)

Keterangan:

  • noun (phrase) = the name tag
  • participle = pinned
  • modifier = on his shirt pocket

Related Posts:

References:

  1. The Garden
    of Phrases. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/phrases.htm. Accessed on June 3, 2013.
  2. Phrases. http://www.union.edu/Resources/Academic/writing/Help/phrases.php. Accessed on June 3, 2013.
  3. Phrases: Prepositional, Verbal, Absolute, and Appositive. http://webs.wofford.edu/whisnantcj/handouts/Grammar%20-%20Phrases.pdf. Accessed on June 3, 2013.
  4. Absolute Phrase. http://grammar.about.com/od/ab/g/absoluteterm.htm. Accessed on June 3, 2013.
  5. The Absolute Phrase. http://www.chompchomp.com/terms/absolutephrase.htm. Accessed on June 3, 2013.
Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

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