Floating Quantifiers (Dapat Berpindah Posisi)

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Pengertian Floating Quantifier

Normalnya quantifier berada di depan noun yang dibatasinya (membentuk noun phrase).

Namun ada beberapa yang dapat pindah dari posisi tersebut dan menempati berbagai posisi di dalam kalimat. Sebutan untuk quantifier semacam itu adalah floating quantifier, sedangkan aturan yang menyatakan berbagai posisi yang dapat dimiliki quantifier disebut quantifier floating.

All, both, dan each merupakan floating quantifier dengan syarat noun yang dibatasinya merupakan definite noun (jelas yang dimaksudkan).

Berbagai Posisi yang Mungkin

No Contoh Posisi Quantifier
Normal Sebelum
Verb / Setelah Noun
Setelah
Auxiliary Verb yang Pertama (Jika > 1)
Setelah
Verb
Memisahkan Infinitive
1 All the students look bored. The students all look bored. The
students look all bored.
2 Both the staff
should learn to ask for help.
The staff should both
learn to ask for help.
3 The teacher asked [all of her students to read the text].
[] = complement, dengan all of her students sebagai subject-nya
The teacher asked her students all to
read the text.
The teacher asked her students to
all read the text.
4 I love both of them. I love them both.
5 All of my friends are overweight. My friends all are overweight. (“of”
dihilangkan)
My
friends are all overweight. (“of” dihilangkan)
6 Each of his cats
enjoys eating crackers.
His cats each enjoys eating crackers. His
cats enjoys each eating crackers.

Pages:

page 1 | page 2

Table of Contents:

  1. Quantifier (Introduction)
  2. Floating Quantifiers

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Quantifier Floating. http://grammar.about.com/od/pq/g/Quantifier-Floating.htm. Accessed on June 6, 2014.
  2. The real story about “quantifier float”. http://pages.uoregon.edu/tpayne/UEG/UEG-additionalreading-ch10-Qfloat.pdf. Accessed on June 6, 2014.
Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

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