Soal Present vs. Past Participle

Materi Participle

Participle merupakan kata yang dibentuk dari penggabungan bare infinitive dengan ing pada present participle atau -ed, -en, -d, -t, -n, atau -ne pada past participle pada regular verb dan bentuk yang inkonsisten pada irregular verb. Keduanya dapat berfungsi sebagai verb atau adjective di dalam suatu kalimat.

10 Contoh Soal Present vs. Past Participle Pilihan Ganda

Pilihlah participle yang tepat untuk melengkapi kalimat di bawah ini.

  1. Who is … your office chair?

    1. setting up
    2. set up
  2. She has … to Medan five times.

    1. been
    2. being
  3. I thought the show was …

    1. bored
    2. boring
  4. The students found the question …

    1. confusing
    2. confused
  5. Would you like to hear my … experince during hoilday

    1. interesting
    2. interested
  6. The baby … may be hungry or uncomfortable.

    1. cried out loud
    2. crying out loud
  7. I think your staff are … because they have been working hard all day.

    1. tired
    2. tiring
  8. The … city hasn’t been found.

    1. losing
    2. lost
  9. The organic products will be … immediately after I receive your payment.

    1. sent
    2. sending
  10. I just saw an extremely … golden retriever.

    1. well training
    2. well trained

Jawaban

  1. Who is … your office chair?

    1. setting up (Present participle digunakan pada progressive tense.)
    2. set up
  2. She has … to Medan five times.

    1. been (Past participle digunakan pada perfect tense.)
    2. being
  3. I thought the show was …

    1. bored
    2. boring (Pada kasus ini participle berfungsi sebagai predicative adjective yang menerangkan “show”. -ing adjective untuk mendeskripsikan seseorang atau sesuatu (show), sedangkan -ed adjective untuk membicarakan perasaan.)
  4. The students found the question …

    1. confusing (Participle berfungsi sebagai object complement (berupa adjective) dari object “question”. Present participle untuk mendeskripsikan seseorang atau sesuatu (question).)
    2. confused
  5. Would you like to hear my … experince during hoilday

    1. interesting (Participle berfungsi sebagai attributive adjective. Present-participial adjective bermakna sama active voice, sedangkan past-participial adjective kebanyakannya bermakna passive.
      interesting experience ~ experience that interests)
    2. interested
  6. The baby … may be hungry or uncomfortable.

    1. cried out loud
    2. crying out loud (Versi adjective clause-nya adalah “who is crying out loud” yang dihilangkan relative pronoun dan verb to be-nya.)
  7. I think your staff are … because they have been working hard all day.

    1. tired (Participle berfungsi sebagai predicative adjective yang menjelaskan “staff”. Past participle digunakan untuk membicarakan perasaan “staff” yang telah bekerja sepanjang hari.)
    2. tiring
  8. The … city hasn’t been found.

    1. losing
    2. lost (a lost city ~ a city that has been lost)
  9. The organic products will be … immediately after I receive your payment.

    1. sent (Past participle digunakan pada passive voice.)
    2. sending
  10. I just saw an extremely … golden retriever.

    1. well training
    2. well trained (well trained ~ terlatih dengan baik)

Materi Participle

Related Posts:

References:

  1. ‘Bored’ and ‘Boring’. http://www.mayfairschool.co.uk/Bored-Boring.html. Accessed on October 24, 2014.
  2. Participles. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/627/02/. Accessed on November 25, 2012.
  3. Participial Adjective. http://grammar.about.com/od/pq/g/Participial-Adjective.htm. Accessed on April 6, 2014.

Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

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