Soal Indirect Question

Materi Indirect Question

Indirect question merupakan bentuk pernyataan yang mengutarakan pertanyaan orang lain yang telah diucapkan secara langsung (direct) dengan mengubah format pertanyaan tersebut agar lebih jelas, alami, dan efisien bagi pendengarnya. Yang mungkin diubah antara lain: word order (subject-verb), pronoun, verb tense, dan time signal.

10 Contoh Soal Indirect Question

Pilihlah indirect question yang tepat untuk menggantikan direct question di bawah ini.

  1. “Have you been to Japan?” asked Sarah.

    1. Sarah asked if I has been to Japan.
    2. Sarah asked if I had been to Japan.
  2. The Commercial Account Manager asked, “Did my staff contact you yesterday?”

    1. The Commercial Account Manager wanted to know if his staff had contacted me the previous day.
    2. The Commercial Account Manager wanted to know if his staff has contacted me the previous day.
    3. The Commercial Account Manager wanted to know if his staff has contacted me yesterday.
    4. The Commercial Account Manager wanted to know if his staff had contacted me yesterday.
  3. Alvin asked, “May I borrow your bike tomorrow?”

    1. Alvin asked whether he may borrow my bike the following day.
    2. Alvin asked whether he might borrow my bike the following day.
    3. Alvin asked whether he might borrow my bike tomorrow.
    4. Alvin asked whether he may borrow my bike tomorrow.
  4. The man asked, “Can I park my car here?”

    1. The man asked me if he could park his car here.
    2. The man asked me if he could park his car there.
    3. The man asked me if he can park his car there.
    4. The man asked me if he can park his car here.
  5. “Where are your friends eating lunch?” asked the teacher.

    1. The teacher wanted to know where the student’s friends were eating lunch.
    2. The teacher wanted to know where the student’s friends eating lunch were.
  6. “When is she going to adopt a cat?” asked Heru.

    1. Heru asked when she was going to adopt a cat.
    2. Heru asked when was she going to adopt a cat.
  7. Her wife asked “How fast was my husband driving when the police stopped him?”

    1. Her wife asked how fast her husband had been driving when the police stopped him.
    2. Her wife asked how fast her husband has been driving when the police stopped him.
  8. “Shall I quit my job?” asked the employee.

    1. The employee asked whether she shall quit her job.
    2. The employee asked whether she should quit her job.
  9. She wondered, “Will money make you happy?”

    1. She wondered if money would make me happy.
    2. She wondered if money makes me happy.
  10. The little girl wondered, “Why is the ocean salty?”

    1. The little girl wondered why the ocean is salty.
    2. The little girl wondered why is the ocean salty.

Jawaban

  1. “Have you been to Japan?” asked Sarah.

    1. Sarah asked if I has been to Japan.
    2. Sarah asked if I had been to Japan. (Direct question: present perfect tense –> Indirect question: past perfect tense)
  2. The Commercial Account Manager asked, “Did my staff contact you yesterday?”

    1. The Commercial Account Manager wanted to know if his staff had contacted me the previous day. (Direct question: simple past tense, yesterday –> Indirect question: past perfect tense, the previous day)
    2. The Commercial Account Manager wanted to know if his staff has contacted me the previous day.
    3. The Commercial Account Manager wanted to know if his staff has contacted me yesterday.
    4. The Commercial Account Manager wanted to know if his staff had contacted me yesterday.
  3. Alvin asked, “May I borrow your bike tomorrow?”

    1. Alvin asked whether he may borrow my bike the following day.
    2. Alvin asked whether he might borrow my bike the following day. (Direct question: may, tomorrow –> Indirect question: might, the following day)
    3. Alvin asked whether he might borrow my bike tomorrow.
    4. Alvin asked whether he may borrow my bike tomorrow.
  4. The man asked, “Can I park my car here?”

    1. The man asked me if he could park his car here.
    2. The man asked me if he could park his car there. (Direct question: can, here –> Indirect question: could, there)
    3. The man asked me if he can park his car there.
    4. The man asked me if he can park his car here.
  5. “Where are your friends eating lunch?” asked the teacher.

    1. The teacher wanted to know where the student’s friends were eating lunch. (Direct question: present continuous tense –> Indirect question: past continuous tense)
    2. The teacher wanted to know where the student’s friends eating lunch were.
  6. “When is she going to adopt a cat?” asked Heru.

    1. Heru asked when she was going to adopt a cat.
    2. Heru asked when was she going to adopt a cat.
  7. Her wife asked “How fast was my husband driving when the police stopped him?”

    1. Her wife asked how fast her husband had been driving when the police stopped him. (Direct question: past continuous tense –> Indirect question: past perfect continuous tense)
    2. Her wife asked how fast her husband has been driving when the police stopped him.
  8. “Shall I quit my job?” asked the employee.

    1. The employee asked whether she shall quit her job.
    2. The employee asked whether she should quit her job. (Direct question: shall (advice) –> Indirect question: should)
  9. She wondered, “Will money make you happy?”

    1. She wondered if money would make me happy. (Direct question: will –> Indirect question: would)
    2. She wondered if money makes me happy.
  10. The little girl wondered, “Why is the ocean salty?”

    1. The little girl wondered why the ocean is salty. (Verb tense tidak berubah karena pertanyaan memuat general truth)
    2. The little girl wondered why is the ocean salty.

Materi Indirect Question

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Reported Speech. http://www.ccc.commnet.edu/sensen/part4/esltips/esl_reported.html. Accessed on February 6, 2012.
  2. Indirect Questions and Embedded Questions. http://www.elc.byu.edu/classes/aoyama/grammar4/aoyg4f05/charts/indirect_embedded_questions.pdf. Accessed on February 6, 2013.

Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia
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