Soal Gerund vs. Infinitive

Materi Gerund vs. Infinitive

Gerund merupakan kata yang dibentuk dari verb (kata kerja) dan akhiran –ing, sedangkan infinitive dibentuk dari particle “to” dan verb. Keduanya sama-sama dapat berfungsi sebagai noun (kata benda).

Yang menjadi permasalahan adalah kapan harus menggunakan gerund dan kapan harus menggunakan infinitive di dalam suatu kalimat.

10 Contoh Soal Gerund dan Infinitive

Pilihlah kata yang tepat untuk melengkapi kalimat di bawah ini.

  1. Do you recommend … these books?

    1. reading
    2. to read
  2. Tasya wishes … her grandparents more often.

    1. visiting
    2. to visit
  3. Would you mind … this questionnaire?

    1. to fill out
    2. filling out
  4. My grandfather used … his hummingbirds three times a day.

    1. to feed
    2. feeding
  5. I watched two lions … in the grass in South Africa.

    1. sleeping
    2. to sleep
  6. I dislike … money on non-essential items.

    1. spending
    2. to spend
  7. We promise … in touch with our clients.

    1. to stay
    2. staying
  8. Some of the students refused … behavior guidelines.

    1. following
    2. to follow
  9. My mother taught me not … about my academic work.

    1. lying
    2. to lie
  10. She needs … how to serve healthy food for her family.

    1. knowing
    2. to know

Jawaban

  1. Do you recommend … these books?

    1. reading (recommend + gerund)
    2. to read
  2. Tasya wishes … her grandparents more often.

    1. visiting
    2. to visit (wish + infinitive)
  3. Would you mind … this questionnaire?

    1. to fill out
    2. filling out (mind + gerund)
  4. My grandfather used … his hummingbirds three times a day.

    1. to feed (used to (phrasal modal) + bare infinitive)
    2. feeding
  5. I watched two lions … in the grass in South Africa.

    1. sleeping (watch + agent + gerund;
      watch + infinitive without “to”)
    2. to sleep
  6. I dislike … money on non-essential items.

    1. spending (dislike + gerund)
    2. to spend
  7. We promise … in touch with our clients.

    1. to stay (promise + infinitive)
    2. staying
  8. Some of the students refused … behavior guidelines.

    1. following
    2. to follow (refuse + infinitive)
  9. My mother taught me not … about my academic work.

    1. lying
    2. to lie (teach (v-2: taught) + agent + infinitive;
      teach (v-2: taught) + gerund)
  10. She needs … how to serve healthy food for her family.

    1. knowing
    2. to know (need + infinitive)

Materi Gerund vs. Infinitive

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Gerunds Quiz. http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verbs-gerunds_quiz.htm. Accessed on October 14, 2013.
  2. Gerund or Infinitive? Quiz. http://esl.about.com/library/quiz/bl_verbform1.htm. Accessed on October 14, 2013.
  3. Gerunds. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/owlprint/627/.
  4. Gerunds and Infinitives: Their Noun Roles. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/gerunds.htm. Accessed o October 14, 2013.
  5. Verbs That Take Gerund and Infinitive Completers. http://www.ccc.commnet.edu/sensen/part4/gerund.html.

Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia
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27 thoughts on “Soal Gerund vs. Infinitive”

  1. From the previous material, the word ‘watch’is the part of to infinitive that should not be added by anything.

    See –> feel, have, hear, have, watch, see

    But why does question number 5, there are only 2 asnwer?

    • I am sorry for the late response GQueen :( The word “watch” can be followed with a bare infinitive or agent + gerund.

  2. i just got 80 score.
    taking into consideration the fact that i still confused about it.
    would you like to give me information about link wich give many exercises about grammar?

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